Malda City

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Malda

English Bazar
Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration
Malda City Skyline view
Malda City Skyline view
Nickname(s): 
Mango City
Malda is located in West Bengal
Malda
Malda
Location in West Bengal, India
Malda is located in India
Malda
Malda
Malda (India)
Malda is located in Asia
Malda
Malda
Malda (Asia)
Coordinates: 25°00′43″N 88°08′36″E / 25.0119°N 88.1433°E / 25.0119; 88.1433Coordinates: 25°00′43″N 88°08′36″E / 25.0119°N 88.1433°E / 25.0119; 88.1433
Country India
State West Bengal
District Malda
Division Malda
Railway Station Malda Town railway station
No. of Wards 49
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body English Bazar Municipality, Old Malda Municipality
 • Chairman Nihar Ranjan Ghosh
 • Chairman Kartick Ghosh
Area
 • Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration 81 km2 (31 sq mi)
Elevation
17 m (56 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration 324,237
 • Rank 5th in West Bengal
 • Density 4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
216,083
Demonym(s) Maldabasi
Languages
 • Official Bengali[2][3]
 • Additional official English[2]
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
732101, 732102, 732103, 732141, 732142, 732128
Telephone code 91-3512-2xxxxx
Vehicle registration WB-65/WB-66
Lok Sabha constituency Maldaha Dakshin
Vidhan Sabha constituency English Bazar
River Mahananda River
Website www.englishbazarmunicipality.com

Malda or English Bazar is a metropolitan city in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the sixth largest city in West Bengal.[4] It is the district headquarters of Malda district. Malda city consists of two municipalities - English Bazar Municipality and Old Malda Municipality, under English Bazar Metropolitan Area. This was an Undeveloped City which had been becoming bigger since 1925-1930. Now the city is rapidly growing and its population is inching towards half million.

Geography

Malda is located at 25°00′43″N 88°08′36″E / 25.0119°N 88.1433°E / 25.0119; 88.1433 Malda district, West Bengal.[5] It has an average elevation of 17 metres (56 feet). It is on the western bank of the river Mahananda.As in much of Bengal, the weather is usually extremely humid and tropical. Temperatures can reach as high as 46 °C during the day in May and June and fall as low as 4 °C overnight in December and January.

Civic administration

There are two municipalities in Malda. The English Bazar Municipality and the Old Malda Municipality.

The municipality of English Bazar is divided into 29 wards. The Trinamool Congress with 15 councillors holds power (as of 2015).

The municipality of Old Malda is divided into 20 wards.[6]

Transport

Road

NH 12 crosses through the city. The Gour Kanya Bus Terminus serves as bus depot for both Private Buses and Government Bus Service which is operated by the NBSCT (North Bengal State Transport Corporation)[citation needed]

Rail

Malda Town Railway Station

There are four railway stations which serves the metropolitan city. These are Malda Town Railway Station which serves the English Bazar area. Second one is Old Malda Railway Station which serves the Old Malda area. The third one is Malda Court Railway Station which serves the Mangalbari and Naldubi area and Gour Malda railway station which serves the Mohhadipur and Gauḍa (city) area.

Malda Town Railway Station at night

Air

Malda Airport (IATA: LDA, ICAO: VEMH) was closed in 1972 due to the Bangladesh War. Before that there were direct daily flights from Malda to Kolkata, Delhi, and Guwahati. In 2014 direct helicopter services were started between Malda and Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, by the government of West Bengal. As of 2017 the airport is under construction and the flight service will start very soon.

Demographics

As of the 2011 census, Malda metropolitan city had a total population of 324,237.[7]

As of the 2011 census, English Bazar municipality had a population of 216,083[1]. The municipality had a sex ratio of 877 females per 1,000 males and 14.9% of the population were under six years old.[1] Effective literacy was 84.69%; male literacy was 85.44% and female literacy was 83.86%.[1]

As of 2001 India census,[8] Old Malda Municipality had a population of 62,944. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Old Malda has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 54%. In Old Malda, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. Most of the people are Hindu. Some Muslim, Shikh, Christian people live here.

Education

Colleges and universities

Several colleges and universities are in and around English Bazar. The largest is the University of Gour Banga, established in 2008. Almost all the 28 colleges in Malda, Uttar Dinajpur and Dakshin Dinajpur districts, except for Raiganj University College, are affiliated with it.

Other notable institutions include Malda College, established on 23 July 1944, the oldest higher educational institution in the city; and Malda Women's College, the only women's college in the city. English Bazar has three engineering colleges:Ghani Khan Choudhury Institute of Engineering & Technology established in 2010 is a Centrally Funded Technical Institute under Ministry of Human Resource Development Government of India; IMPS College of Engineering and Technology, established in 2003; and Malda Polytechnic, one of the oldest and best polytechnic colleges in West Bengal

Malda Medical College and Hospital is the only medical college.

Malda Town

Universities

General degree Colleges

Engineering colleges

The main building of the University of Gour Banga

Polytechnic colleges

Medical colleges

Malda Medical College

Boys' high schools

A.C. Institution during prize ceremony

* A. C. Institution

Girls' high schools

Rail schools

English medium schools

Hospitals and health care

Malda is becoming the medical hub of this region. Malda Medical College and Hospital is a top class hospital in the district and also nearby district. There are lots of primary healthcare centers in the city. Private nursing homes, a pathology centre, clinics, and medical stores are present.

Malda Medical College building

Malda Medical College and Hospital

The Government of West Bengal decided to set up a new medical college at the strategically located district of Malda, which is easily accessible to the districts in the region of North Bengal.

View of Malda Medical College and Hospital

Malda Railway Hospital

Malda Railway Hospital is established to serve health care for railway needs. It is situated near the Malda Town Railway Station.

Media And Newspapers

All national channels and also some local media channels like Malda Today, High TV, Sabar Cable, Sabar Monoranjan, MCN News, CCN and DAM's TV are local channels which are operated throughout the city. And also serves nearby districts news like North Dinajpur, South Dinajpur, and Murshidabad

Newspapers

  • Aamader Malda
  • Guide Malda
  • Rupantare Pathe
  • Uttarbanga Sangbad

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". www.wb.gov.in. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  3. ^ "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  5. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Ingraj Bazar,India". fallingrain.com.
  6. ^ "Battle of couples in Malda civic polls | Kolkata News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.

Further reading

  • Chakrabarti D.K. (1992). Notes on the archaeology of Maldaha and West Dinajpur districts, West Bengal. South Asian Studies, 9:pp. 123–135

External links

  • Malda District - Home

Gour-Pandua travel guide from Wikivoyage

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