England cricket team Test results (1920–1939)

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Wally Hammond batting
England's Wally Hammond was the leading run-scorer in Tests between 1920 and 1939.[1]

The England cricket team represented England, Scotland and Wales in Test cricket.[a] Between 1920 and 1939, when competitive cricket was interrupted by the Second World War, England played 120 Test matches, resulting in 41 victories, 49 draws and 30 defeats.[3] During this period, England faced India, New Zealand and the West Indies for the first time in Test cricket, having previously only played against Australia and South Africa. The emergence of Don Bradman as an extraordinary batsman for Australia led to England employing Bodyline tactics during the 1932–33 Ashes tour of Australia.[4] The tactic, which involved bowling fast deliveries aimed at the batsman, created antagonism between the two teams.[5] The England team of the era featured some of the country's best batsmen; Jack Hobbs, Wally Hammond and Len Hutton were all included in the ESPNcricinfo "all-time England XI" in 2009.[6]

England faced Australia most frequently during this period—playing 49 matches against them—followed by South Africa. England won more matches than they lost against every team except Australia, against whom they won 15 matches and lost 22. They did not lose any matches against newcomers India or New Zealand, while against the West Indies they won 8 matches and lost 3.[7] England won 14 matches by an innings, with their largest victory being by an innings and 579 runs against Australia during the 1938 Ashes series,[8] the largest margin of victory by any team in Test cricket.[9] Their largest victory by runs alone during this period was in the 1928–29 Ashes series against Australia, when they won by 675 runs, which is also an all-time record for any team,[10] while they won by ten wickets on two occasions.[8] Conversely, England suffered their largest defeat by runs alone, losing to Australia by 562 runs during the 1934 Ashes series, which ranks behind England's 675 runs victory as the second highest margin of victory by runs.[10]

Key

  • No. (Eng.) – Match number for England (i.e. 150 was England's 150th Test match)
  • No. (Ove.) – Match number overall (i.e. 150 was the 150th Test match)
  • (H) – Home ground
  • (A) – Away ground
  • Series (result) – What series the match was part of, with the result listed in brackets; England's tally first (i.e. (2–1) means that England won two matches, and their opponents won one match)

Matches

England Test cricket results between 1920 and 1939[11]
No.
(Eng.)
No.
(Ove.)
Opposition Venue Start Date Result Series (result)[12]
124 135  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 17 December 1920 Lost by 377 runs 1920–21 Ashes series (0–5)
125 136  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 31 December 1920 Lost by an innings and 91 runs
126 137  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 14 January 1921 Lost by 119 runs
127 138  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 11 February 1921 Lost by 8 wickets
128 139  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 25 February 1921 Lost by 9 wickets
129 140  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham (H) 28 May 1921 Lost by 10 wickets 1921 Ashes series (0–3)
130 141  Australia Lord's, London (H) 11 June 1921 Lost by 8 wickets
131 142  Australia Headingley, Leeds (H) 2 July 1921 Lost by 219 runs
132 143  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 23 July 1921 Match drawn
133 144  Australia The Oval, London (H) 13 August 1921 Match drawn
134 148  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 23 December 1922 Lost by 168 runs English cricket team in South Africa in 1922–23 (2–1)
135 149  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 1 January 1923 Won by 1 wicket
136 150  South Africa Kingsmead, Durban (A) 18 January 1923 Match drawn
137 151  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 9 February 1923 Match drawn
138 152  South Africa Kingsmead, Durban (A) 16 February 1923 Won by 109 runs
139 153  South Africa Edgbaston, Birmingham (H) 14 June 1924 Won by an innings and 18 runs South African cricket team in England in 1924 (3–0)
140 154  South Africa Lord's, London (H) 28 June 1924 Won by an innings and 18 runs
141 155  South Africa Headingley, Leeds (H) 12 July 1924 Won by 9 wickets
142 156  South Africa Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 26 July 1924 Match drawn
143 157  South Africa The Oval, London (H) 16 August 1924 Match drawn
144 158  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 19 December 1924 Lost by 193 runs 1924–25 Ashes series (1–4)
145 159  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 1 January 1925 Lost by 81 runs
146 160  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 16 January 1925 Lost by 11 runs
147 161  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 13 February 1925 Won by an innings and 29 runs
148 162  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 27 February 1925 Lost by 307 runs
149 163  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham (H) 12 June 1926 Match drawn 1926 Ashes series (1–0)
150 164  Australia Lord's, London (H) 26 June 1926 Match drawn
151 165  Australia Headingley, Leeds (H) 10 July 1926 Match drawn
152 166  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 24 July 1926 Match drawn
153 167  Australia The Oval, London (H) 14 August 1926 Won by 289 runs
154 168  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 24 December 1927 Won by 10 wickets English cricket team in South Africa in 1927–28 (2–2)
155 169  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 31 December 1927 Won by 87 runs
156 170  South Africa Kingsmead, Durban (A) 21 January 1928 Match drawn
157 171  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 28 January 1928 Lost by 4 wickets
158 172  South Africa Kingsmead, Durban (A) 4 February 1928 Lost by 8 wickets
159 173  West Indies Lord's, London (H) 23 June 1928 Won by an innings and 58 runs West Indian cricket team in England in 1928 (3–0)
160 174  West Indies Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 21 July 1928 Won by an innings and 30 runs
161 175  West Indies The Oval, London (H) 11 August 1928 Won by an innings and 71 runs
162 176  Australia Brisbane Exhibition Ground (A) 30 November 1928 Won by 675 runs 1928–29 Ashes series (4–1)
163 177  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 14 December 1928 Won by 8 wickets
164 178  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 29 December 1928 Won by 3 wickets
165 179  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 1 February 1929 Won by 12 runs
166 180  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 8 March 1929 Lost by 5 wickets
167 181  South Africa Edgbaston, Birmingham (H) 15 June 1929 Match drawn South African cricket team in England in 1929 (2–0)
168 182  South Africa Lord's, London (H) 29 June 1929 Match drawn
169 183  South Africa Headingley, Leeds (H) 13 July 1929 Won by 5 wickets
170 184  South Africa Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 27 July 1929 Won by an innings and 32 runs
171 185  South Africa The Oval, London (H) 17 August 1929 Match drawn
172 186  New Zealand Lancaster Park, Christchurch (A) 10 January 1930[b] Won by 8 wickets English cricket team in New Zealand in 1929–30 (1–0)
173 187  West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown (A) 11 January 1930[b] Match drawn English cricket team in the West Indies in 1929–30 (1–1)
174 188  New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington (A) 24 January 1930 Match drawn English cricket team in New Zealand in 1929–30 (1–0)
175 189  West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain (A) 1 February 1930 Won by 167 runs English cricket team in the West Indies in 1929–30 (1–1)
176 190  New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland (A) 14 February 1930 Match drawn English cricket team in New Zealand in 1929–30 (1–0)
177 191  New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland (A) 21 February 1930[b] Match drawn
178 192  West Indies Bourda, Georgetown (A) 21 February 1930[b] Lost by 289 runs English cricket team in the West Indies in 1929–30 (1–1)
179 193  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston (A) 3 April 1930 Match drawn
180 194  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham (H) 13 June 1930 Won by 93 runs 1930 Ashes series (1–2)
181 195  Australia Lord's, London (H) 27 June 1930 Lost by 7 wickets
182 196  Australia Headingley, Leeds (H) 11 July 1930 Match drawn
183 197  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 25 July 1930 Match drawn
184 198  Australia The Oval, London (H) 16 August 1930 Lost by an innings and 39 runs
185 200  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 24 December 1930 Lost by 28 runs English cricket team in South Africa in 1930–31 (0–1)
186 202  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 1 January 1931 Match drawn
187 204  South Africa Kingsmead, Durban (A) 16 January 1931 Match drawn
188 206  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 13 February 1931 Match drawn
189 207  South Africa Kingsmead, Durban (A) 21 February 1931 Match drawn
190 209  New Zealand Lord's, London (H) 27 June 1931 Match drawn New Zealand cricket team in England in 1931 (1–0)
191 210  New Zealand The Oval, London (H) 29 July 1931 Won by an innings and 26 runs
192 211  New Zealand Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 15 August 1931 Match drawn
193 219  India Lord's, London (H) 25 June 1932 Won by 158 runs Indian cricket team in England in 1932 (1–0)
194 220  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 2 December 1932 Won by 10 wickets 1932–33 Ashes series (4–1)
195 221  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 30 December 1932 Lost by 111 runs
196 222  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 13 January 1933 Won by 338 runs
197 223  Australia The Gabba, Brisbane (A) 10 February 1933 Won by 6 wickets
198 224  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 23 February 1933 Won by 8 wickets
199 225  New Zealand Lancaster Park, Christchurch (A) 24 March 1933 Match drawn English cricket team in New Zealand in 1932–33 (0–0)
200 226  New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland (A) 31 March 1933 Match drawn
201 227  West Indies Lord's, London (H) 24 June 1933 Won by an innings and 27 runs West Indian cricket team in England in 1933 (2–0)
202 228  West Indies Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 22 July 1933 Match drawn
203 229  West Indies The Oval, London (H) 12 August 1933 Won by an innings and 17 runs
204 230  India Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai (A) 15 December 1933 Won by 9 wickets English cricket team in India in 1933–34 (2–0)
205 231  India Eden Gardens, Calcutta (A) 5 January 1934 Match drawn
206 232  India M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai (A) 10 February 1934 Won by 202 runs
207 233  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham (H) 8 June 1934 Lost by 238 runs 1934 Ashes series (1–2)
208 234  Australia Lord's, London (H) 22 June 1934 Won by an innings and 38 runs
209 235  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 6 July 1934 Match drawn
210 236  Australia Headingley, Leeds (H) 20 July 1934 Match drawn
211 237  Australia The Oval, London (H) 18 August 1934 Lost by 562 runs
212 238  West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown (A) 8 January 1935 Won by 4 wickets English cricket team in the West Indies in 1934–35 (1–2)
213 239  West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain (A) 24 January 1935 Lost by 217 runs
214 240  West Indies Bourda, Georgetown (A) 14 February 1935 Match drawn
215 241  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston (A) 14 March 1935 Lost by an innings and 161 runs
216 242  South Africa Trent Bridge, Nottingham (H) 15 June 1935 Match drawn South African cricket team in England in 1935 (0–1)
217 243  South Africa Lord's, London (H) 29 June 1935 Lost by 157 runs
218 244  South Africa Headingley, Leeds (H) 13 July 1935 Match drawn
219 245  South Africa Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 27 July 1935 Match drawn
220 246  South Africa The Oval, London (H) 17 August 1935 Match drawn
221 252  India Lord's, London (H) 27 June 1936 Won by 9 wickets Indian cricket team in England in 1936 (2–0)
222 253  India Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 25 July 1936 Match drawn
223 254  India The Oval, London (H) 15 August 1936 Won by 9 wickets
224 255  Australia The Gabba, Brisbane (A) 4 December 1936 Won by 322 runs 1936–37 Ashes series (2–3)
225 256  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 18 December 1936 Won by an innings and 2 runs
226 257  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 1 January 1937 Lost by 365 runs
227 258  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 29 January 1937 Lost by 148 runs
228 259  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 26 February 1937 Lost by an innings and 200 runs
229 260  New Zealand Lord's, London (H) 26 June 1937 Match drawn New Zealand cricket team in England in 1937 (1–0)
230 261  New Zealand Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 24 July 1937 Won by 130 runs
231 262  New Zealand The Oval, London (H) 14 August 1937 Match drawn
232 263  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham (H) 10 June 1938 Match drawn 1938 Ashes series (1–1)
233 264  Australia Lord's, London (H) 24 June 1938 Match drawn
234 265  Australia Headingley, Leeds (H) 22 July 1938 Lost by 5 wickets
235 266  Australia The Oval, London (H) 20 August 1938 Won by an innings and 579 runs
236 267  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 24 December 1938 Match drawn English cricket team in South Africa in 1938–39 (1–0)
237 268  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 31 December 1938 Match drawn
238 269  South Africa Kingsmead, Durban (A) 20 January 1939 Won by an innings and 13 runs
239 270  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 18 February 1939 Match drawn
240 271  South Africa Kingsmead, Durban (A) 3 March 1939 Match drawn
241 272  West Indies Lord's, London (H) 24 June 1939 Won by 8 wickets West Indian cricket team in England in 1939 (1–0)
242 273  West Indies Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 22 July 1939 Match drawn
243 274  West Indies The Oval, London (H) 19 August 1939 Match drawn

Summary

Team Total matches[7][11] Home matches[14][15] Away matches[16][17]
Mat Won Lost Draw W/L Mat Won Lost Draw W/L Mat Won Lost Draw W/L
Australia 49 15 22 12 0.681 24 4 8 12 0.500 25 11 14 0 0.785
India 7 5 0 2 4 3 0 1 3 2 0 1
New Zealand 12 3 0 9 6 2 0 4 6 1 0 5
South Africa 35 10 5 20 2.000 15 5 1 9 5.000 20 5 4 11 1.250
West Indies 17 8 3 6 2.666 9 6 0 3 8 2 3 3 0.666
Total 120 41 30 49 1.366 58 20 9 29 2.222 62 21 21 20 1.000

Notes

  1. ^ The England cricket team represented Scotland until 1992, when they left the UK Cricket Council, and later joined the International Cricket Council (ICC) as an independent member.[2]
  2. ^ a b c d Two England cricket teams toured during the English winter of 1929–30; both New Zealand and the West Indies had recently become eligible to play Test cricket, and English cricket authorities wanted to visit both as soon as possible. Due to other commitments, they decided the best way to achieve this was to send a team to each at the same time.[13] As a result, they began a Test match on 10 January 1930 in New Zealand, and 11 January in the West Indies, and a little later had concurrent matches once again, with Tests in both places on 21 February 1930.

References

  1. ^ "Statistics / Statsguru / Test matches / Batting records". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  2. ^ "The History of Cricket in Scotland". Cricket Scotland. Archived from the original on 27 January 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "Overall figures: England in Test matches between 1 January 1920 and 31 December 1939". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  4. ^ Williamson, Martin. "A brief history ... Bodyline". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 28 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Watson, Greig (16 January 2013). "Bodyline: 80 years of cricket's greatest controversy". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Miller, Andrew (28 August 2009). "Old gold". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Overall figures by opposition: England in Test matches between 1 January 1920 and 31 December 1939". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "Match results by margin: England in Test matches between 1 January 1920 and 31 December 1939". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  9. ^ "Records / Test matches / Team records / Largest margin of victory (by an innings)". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  10. ^ a b "Records / Test matches / Team records / Largest margin of victory (by runs)". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Matches: England in Test matches between 1 January 1920 and 31 December 1939". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "Series: England in Test series between 1 January 1920 and 31 December 1939". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  13. ^ Williamson, Martin (1 February 2014). "Playing two Tests in a day". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  14. ^ "Overall figures by opposition: England in Test matches at home between 1 January 1920 and 31 December 1939". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 14 September 2017. 
  15. ^ "Statistics: England in Test matches at home between 1 January 1920 and 31 December 1939". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  16. ^ "Overall figures by opposition: England in Test matches away from home between 1 January 1920 and 31 December 1939". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 14 September 2017. 
  17. ^ "Statistics: England in Test matches away from home between 1 January 1920 and 31 December 1939". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
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