England cricket team Test results (1877–1914)

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Wilfred Rhodes bowling, seen from the front
Wilfred Rhodes made the most appearances for England in Tests between 1877 and 1914.[1]

The England cricket team represented England, Scotland and Wales in Test cricket.[a] England played Australia in the first ever Test match, which took place at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in March 1877. Although four touring parties of English players had visited Australia prior to 1877, the Australian team had not previously been considered strong enough to play on equal terms. The two matches between the English cricketers and the Australians were retrospectively granted Test status.[3]

Between 1877 and 1914, when competitive cricket was interrupted by the First World War, England played 123 Test matches, resulting in 59 victories, 22 draws and 42 defeats.[4] For much of this period, England and Australia were the only Test playing countries and played each other every year or two. In 1888–89, England toured South Africa and played two matches subsequently deemed to be Test matches.[5] Subsequently, the sides played each other sporadically and from 1906 fixtures were played as frequently as the Ashes series. In 1912, the three sides competed in a Triangular Tournament, which was deemed a failure, partly due to a damp English summer and in part because of the perceived complexity of the tournament.[6]

Overall, by 1914, England had played 94 Test matches against Australia and 29 versus South Africa. England won 19 matches by an innings, with their largest victory being by an innings and 230 runs against Australia during the 1891–92 Ashes series, their eighth-best innings win of all time.[7] Their largest victory by runs alone during this period was in 1896 against South Africa, when they won by 288 runs, while they won by 10 wickets on four occasions. England's victories by one wicket during this period are two of the three occasions that England have won by this margin in Test cricket, while their 10-run win over Australia during the 1894–95 Ashes series is their third-narrowest win by runs.[8] In the first match of the 1886–87 Ashes series, England scored their lowest ever innings score in Test cricket, 45 runs. Despite that low score, they won the match by 13 runs.[9][10]

Key

  • No. (Eng.) – Match number for England (i.e. 123 was England's 123rd Test match)
  • No. (Ove.) – Match number overall (i.e. 123 was the 123rd Test match)
  • (H) – Home ground
  • (A) – Away ground
  • Series (result) – What series the match was part of, with the result listed in brackets; England's tally first (i.e. (2–1) means that England won two matches, and their opponents won one match)

Matches

England Test cricket results between 1877 and 1914[11]
No.
(Eng.)
No.
(Ove.)
Opposition[b] Venue Start date Result Series (result)
1 1  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 15 March 1877 Lost by 45 runs English cricket team in Australia and New Zealand in 1876–77 (1–1)
2 2  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 31 March 1877 Won by 4 wickets
3 3  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 2 January 1879 Lost by 10 wickets English cricket team in Australia and New Zealand in 1878–79 (0–1)
4 4  Australia The Oval, London (H) 6 September 1880 Won by 5 wickets Australian cricket team in England in 1880 (1–0)
5 5  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 31 December 1881 Match drawn English cricket team in Australia and New Zealand in 1881–82 (0–2)
6 6  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 17 February 1882 Lost by 5 wickets
7 7  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 3 March 1882 Lost by 6 wickets
8 8  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 10 March 1882 Match drawn
9 9  Australia The Oval, London (H) 28 August 1882 Lost by 7 runs Australian cricket team in England and the United States in 1882 (0–1)
10 10  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 30 December 1882 Lost by 9 wickets 1882–83 Ashes series (1–2)
11 11  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 19 January 1883 Won by an innings and 27 runs
12 12  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 26 January 1883 Won by 69 runs
13 13  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 17 February 1883 Lost by 4 wickets English cricket team in Australia in 1882–83 (0–1)
14 14  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 10 July 1884 Match drawn 1884 Ashes series (1–0)
15 15  Australia Lord's, London (H) 21 July 1884 Won by an innings and 5 runs
16 16  Australia The Oval, London (H) 11 August 1884 Match drawn
17 17  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 12 December 1884 Won by 8 wickets 1884–85 Ashes series (3–2)
18 18  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 1 January 1885 Won by 10 wickets
19 19  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 20 February 1885 Lost by 6 runs
20 20  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 14 March 1885 Lost by 8 wickets
21 21  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 21 March 1885 Won by an innings and 98 runs
22 22  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 5 July 1886 Won by 4 wickets 1886 Ashes series (3–0)
23 23  Australia Lord's, London (H) 19 July 1886 Won by an innings and 106 runs
24 24  Australia The Oval, London (H) 12 August 1886 Won by an innings and 217 runs
25 25  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 28 January 1887 Won by 13 runs 1886–87 Ashes series (2–0)
26 26  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 25 February 1887 Won by 71 runs
27 27  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 10 February 1888 Won by 126 runs 1887–88 Ashes series (1–0)
28 28  Australia Lord's, London (H) 16 July 1888 Lost by 61 runs 1888 Ashes series (2–1)
29 29  Australia The Oval, London (H) 13 August 1888 Won by an innings and 137 runs
30 30  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 30 August 1888 Won by an innings and 21 runs
31 31  South Africa St George's Oval, Port Elizabeth (A) 12 March 1889 Won by 8 wickets English cricket team in South Africa in 1888–89 (2–0)
32 32  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 25 March 1889 Won by an innings and 202 runs
33 33  Australia Lord's, London (H) 21 July 1890 Won by 7 wickets 1890 Ashes series (2–0)
34 34  Australia The Oval, London (H) 11 August 1890 Won by 2 wickets
35 35  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 1 January 1892 Lost by 54 runs 1891–92 Ashes series (1–2)
36 36  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 29 January 1892 Lost by 72 runs
37 37  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 19 March 1892 Won by an innings and 189 runs English cricket team in South Africa in 1891–92 (1–0)
38 38  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 24 March 1892 Won by an innings and 230 runs 1891–92 Ashes series (1–2)
39 39  Australia Lord's, London (H) 17 July 1893 Match drawn 1893 Ashes series (1–0)
40 40  Australia The Oval, London (H) 14 August 1893 Won by an innings and 43 runs
41 41  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 24 August 1893 Match drawn
42 42  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 14 December 1894 Won by 10 runs 1894–95 Ashes series (3–2)
43 43  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 29 December 1894 Won by 94 runs
44 44  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 11 January 1895 Lost by 382 runs
45 45  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 1 February 1895 Lost by an innings and 147 runs
46 46  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 1 March 1895 Won by 6 wickets
47 47  South Africa St George's Oval, Port Elizabeth (A) 13 February 1896 Won by 288 runs English cricket team in South Africa in 1895–96 (3–0)
48 48  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 2 March 1896 Won by an innings and 197 runs
49 49  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 21 March 1896 Won by an innings and 33 runs
50 50  Australia Lord's, London (H) 22 June 1896 Won by 6 wickets 1896 Ashes series (2–1)
51 51  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 16 July 1896 Lost by 3 wickets
52 52  Australia The Oval, London (H) 10 August 1896 Won by 66 runs
53 53  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 13 December 1897 Won by 9 wickets 1897–98 Ashes series (1–4)
54 54  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 1 January 1898 Lost by an innings and 55 runs
55 55  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 14 January 1898 Lost by an innings and 13 runs
56 56  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 29 January 1898 Lost by 8 wickets
57 57  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 26 February 1898 Lost by 6 wickets
58 58  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 14 February 1899 Won by 32 runs English cricket team in South Africa in 1898–99 (2–0)
59 59  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 1 April 1899 Won by 210 runs
60 60  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham (H) 1 June 1899 Match drawn 1899 Ashes series (0–1)
61 61  Australia Lord's, London (H) 15 June 1899 Lost by 10 wickets
62 62  Australia Headingley, Leeds (H) 29 June 1899 Match drawn
63 63  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 17 July 1899 Match drawn
64 64  Australia The Oval, London (H) 14 August 1899 Match drawn
65 65  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 13 December 1901 Won by an innings and 124 runs 1901–02 Ashes series (1–4)
66 66  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 1 January 1902 Lost by 229 runs
67 67  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 17 January 1902 Lost by 4 wickets
68 68  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 14 February 1902 Lost by 7 wickets
69 69  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 28 February 1902 Lost by 32 runs
70 70  Australia Edgbaston, Birmingham (H) 29 May 1902 Match drawn 1902 Ashes series (1–2)
71 71  Australia Lord's, London (H) 12 June 1902 Match drawn
72 72  Australia Bramall Lane, Sheffield (H) 3 July 1902 Lost by 143 runs
73 73  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 24 July 1902 Lost by 3 runs
74 74  Australia The Oval, London (H) 11 August 1902 Won by 1 wicket
75 78  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 11 December 1903 Won by 5 wickets 1903–04 Ashes series (3–2)
76 79  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 1 January 1904 Won by 185 runs
77 80  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 15 January 1904 Lost by 216 runs
78 81  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 26 February 1904 Won by 157 runs
79 82  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 5 March 1904 Lost by 218 runs
80 83  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham (H) 29 May 1905 Won by 213 runs 1905 Ashes series (2–0)
81 84  Australia Lord's, London (H) 15 June 1905 Match drawn
82 85  Australia Headingley, Leeds (H) 3 July 1905 Match drawn
83 86  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 24 July 1905 Won by an innings and 80 runs
84 87  Australia The Oval, London (H) 14 August 1905 Match drawn
85 88  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 2 January 1906 Lost by 1 wicket English cricket team in South Africa in 1905–06 (1–4)
86 89  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 6 March 1906 Lost by 9 wickets
87 90  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 10 March 1906 Lost by 243 runs
88 91  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 24 March 1906 Won by 4 wickets
89 92  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 30 March 1906 Lost by an innings and 16 runs
90 93  South Africa Lord's, London (H) 1 July 1907 Match drawn South African cricket team in England in 1907 (1–0)
91 94  South Africa Headingley, Leeds (H) 29 July 1907 Won by 53 runs
92 95  South Africa The Oval, London (H) 19 August 1907 Match drawn
93 96  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 13 December 1907 Lost by 2 wickets 1907–08 Ashes series (1–4)
94 97  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 1 January 1908 Won by 1 wicket
95 98  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 10 January 1908 Lost by 245 runs
96 99  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 7 February 1908 Lost by 308 runs
97 100  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 21 February 1908 Lost by 49 runs
98 101  Australia Edgbaston, Birmingham (H) 27 May 1909 Won by 10 wickets 1909 Ashes series (1–2)
99 102  Australia Lord's, London (H) 14 June 1909 Lost by 9 wickets
100 103  Australia Headingley, Leeds (H) 1 July 1909 Lost by 126 runs
101 104  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 26 July 1909 Match drawn
102 105  Australia The Oval, London (H) 9 August 1909 Match drawn
103 106  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 1 January 1910 Lost by 19 runs English cricket team in South Africa in 1909–10 (2–3)
104 107  South Africa Kingsmead, Durban (A) 21 January 1910 Lost by 95 runs
105 108  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 26 February 1910 Won by 3 wickets
106 109  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 7 March 1910 Lost by 4 wickets
107 110  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town (A) 11 March 1910 Won by 9 wickets
108 116  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 15 December 1911 Lost by 146 runs 1911–12 Ashes series (4–1)
109 117  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 30 December 1911 Won by 8 wickets
110 118  Australia Adelaide Oval (A) 12 January 1912 Won by 7 wickets
111 119  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground (A) 9 February 1912 Won by an innings and 225 runs
112 120  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground (A) 23 February 1912 Won by 70 runs
113 122  South Africa Lord's, London (H) 10 June 1912 Won by an innings and 62 runs 1912 Triangular Tournament (4–0)
114 123  Australia Lord's, London (H) 24 June 1912 Match drawn
115 124  South Africa Headingley, Leeds (H) 8 July 1912 Won by 174 runs
116 126  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester (H) 29 July 1912 Match drawn
117 128  South Africa The Oval, London (H) 12 August 1912 Won by 10 wickets
118 129  Australia The Oval, London (H) 19 August 1912 Won by 244 runs
119 130  South Africa Kingsmead, Durban (A) 13 December 1913 Won by an innings and 157 runs English cricket team in South Africa in 1913–14 (4–0)
120 131  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 26 December 1913 Won by an innings and 12 runs
121 132  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg (A) 1 January 1914 Won by 91 runs
122 133  South Africa Kingsmead, Durban (A) 14 February 1914 Match drawn
123 134  South Africa St George's Oval, Port Elizabeth (A) 27 February 1914 Won by 10 wickets

Summary

Team Total matches Home matches Away matches Refs
Mat Won Lost Draw W/L Mat Won Lost Draw W/L Mat Won Lost Draw W/L
Australia 94 40 35 19 1.142 42 17 8 17 2.125 52 23 27 2 0.851 [14][15][16]
South Africa 29 19 7 3 2.714 6 4 0 2 23 15 7 1 2.142 [17][18][19]
Total 123 59 42 22 1.404 48 21 8 19 2.625 75 38 34 3 1.117 [4][20][21]

Notes

  1. ^ The England cricket team represented Scotland until 1992, when they left the UK Cricket Council, and later joined the International Cricket Council (ICC) as an independent member.[2]
  2. ^ Prior to Australian federation in 1901, there was no national flag of Australia.[12] Prior to the unification of the South African colonies in 1910, there was no national flag of South Africa.[13]

References

  1. ^ "Statistics / Statsguru / Test matches / Batting records". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  2. ^ "The History of Cricket in Scotland". Cricket Scotland. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Williamson, Martin. "The birth of Test cricket". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "Statistics: England in Test matches before 1 January 1915". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Williamson, Martin (28 November 2009). "The ignorant internationals". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  6. ^ Williamson, Martin. "The original damp squib". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  7. ^ "Records / England / Test matches / Largest victories". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "Records / England / Test matches / Smallest victories (including ties)". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "Australia v England: A Shaw's XI in Australia 1886/87 (1st Test)". CricketArchive. The Cricketer Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "Records / England / Test matches / Lowest totals". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Matches: England in Test matches before 1 January 1915". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  12. ^ Cameron, R. J., ed. (1983). "The Australian Flag". Year Book Australia. 67. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. pp. 23–24. 
  13. ^ Brownell, Frederick Gordon (2011). "Flagging the "new" South Africa, 1910–2010". Historia. 56 (1): 42–62. ISSN 2309-8392. 
  14. ^ "Statistics: England in Test matches against Australia at home before 1 January 1915". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  15. ^ "Statistics: England in matches against Australia away from home before 1 January 1915". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  16. ^ "England in matches against Australia before 1 January 1915". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  17. ^ "Statistics: England in Test matches against South Africa at home before 1 January 1915". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  18. ^ "Statistics: England in matches against South Africa away from home before 1 January 1915". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  19. ^ "Statistics: England in matches against South Africa before 1 January 1915". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  20. ^ "Statistics: England in Test matches at home before 1 January 1915". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  21. ^ "Statistics: England in Test matches away from home before 1 January 1915". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
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