Enfield Chase railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Enfield Chase National Rail
Enfield Chase railway station MMB 03.jpg
Enfield Chase is located in Greater London
Enfield Chase
Enfield Chase
Location of Enfield Chase in Greater London
Location Enfield Town
Local authority London Borough of Enfield
Managed by Great Northern
Station code ENC
DfT category D
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 5
National Rail annual entry and exit
2011–12 Increase 1.250 million[1]
– interchange  Decrease 11,445[1]
2012–13 Increase 1.290 million[1]
– interchange  Decrease 10,810[1]
2013–14 Increase 1.327 million[1]
– interchange  Increase 11,769[1]
2014–15 Increase 1.390 million[1]
– interchange  Increase 13,027[1]
2015–16 Increase 1.472 million[1]
– interchange  Decrease 11,341[1]
Key dates
1910 Opened
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
  • Departures
  • Layout
  • Facilities
  • Buses
WGS84 51°39′10″N 0°05′27″W / 51.6529°N 0.0908°W / 51.6529; -0.0908Coordinates: 51°39′10″N 0°05′27″W / 51.6529°N 0.0908°W / 51.6529; -0.0908
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London Transport portal
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Enfield Chase railway station is located in Windmill Hill, Enfield, in the London Borough of Enfield in north London, and is in Travelcard Zone 5. The station, and all trains serving it, is operated by Great Northern. It is directly west of Enfield Town centre. The current station opened in 1910 with the extension of the Hertford Loop Line to Cuffley, replacing a previous station a short distance to the west which opened in 1871. Originally called simply "Enfield" station, the current name was adopted in 1924 to avoid confusion with Enfield Town.

Services

The service runs to Moorgate via Highbury & Islington. The service uses class 313 EMUs, as these are the only units cleared to Moorgate.

The typical off-peak weekday service is 3 trains per hour to Moorgate and to Hertford North; one of the latter per hour continues to Letchworth Garden City via Stevenage.[2]

In peak hours, the line runs a much more frequent services, with certain services not calling at all intermittent stations. However, all of these additional services call at Enfield Chase.

At weekends, the service is a half-hourly service to Hertford North and an hourly service to Stevenage and two trains per hour to Moorgate.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Grange Park or Winchmore Hill   Great Northern
Hertford Loop Line
  Gordon Hill

History

The original terminus

The original Enfield Station in Windmill Hill opened on 1 April 1871 as the terminus for the Great Northern Railway branch line from Alexandra Palace. By 1887, 37 trains a day left Enfield, mainly for King's Cross, but also to Broad Street and until 1907, to Woolwich and Victoria.[3] The station building was a two-storey twin-gabled house, similar in style to the single-storey building at Palmers Green. It was sited lengthways across the end of the track. The single island platform was covered by a wide canopy for much of its length. Enfield Station had been intended to bring prosperous middle class commuters to the area. A journalist visiting the station in 1885, saw a sign advertising cheap workmen's tickets for trains scheduled to arrive in London before 8 am, only to find that the timetable showed that there were no trains that met that criterion.[4] The old Enfield Station closed to passengers in 1910 (when replaced by the present station) but remained in use as a goods depot until 1974. The surviving buildings were demolished and replaced during the 2000s with housing along a new street called Gladbeck Way.[5]

The new high level station

By the end of the 19th century, there was a need to relieve the pressure on the main line to the north out of Kings Cross, and a plan to continue the Enfield branch to Hertford and Stevenage was conceived. An Act of Parliament was passed in 1898, and the GNR set about acquiring and demolishing houses and compensating land owners in the area. Work on the line commenced in 1906.[6] The new Enfield Station was sited a few hundred yards to the east of the existing one, and raised above ground level so that north bound trains could access a new bridge crossing the road at Windmill Hill. It opened on 4 April 1910 for services as far as Cuffley. The first through train to Stevenage did not run until 4 March 1918, because of a host of legal and engineering difficulties, and shortages of men and material caused by World War I. The name Enfield Chase was adopted in 1924, to avoid confusion with Enfield Town station.[7]

The rail bridge crossing Windmill Hill just to the north of Enfield Chase Station was first used in 1910

Connections

London Buses routes 121, 231, 307, 313 and 377 serve the station.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  2. ^ Table 24 National Rail timetable, May 2016
  3. ^ Baker, T F T; Pugh, R B, eds. (1976). "A History of the County of Middlesex". Victoria County History. p. 212. Archived from the original on 2011-05-26. 
  4. ^ Pam, David (1992). 1837 to 1914, A Victorian Suburb. A History of Enfield. Two. Enfield Preservation Society. ISBN 0-907318-10X. 
  5. ^ "Enfield". Disused Stations. Archived from the original on 2014-02-06. 
  6. ^ "Great Northern Railway proposed extension route for Parish of Enfield". Exploring 20th Century London. Archived from the original on 2012-06-16. 
  7. ^ White, H P (1971). Greater London. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. III. David & Charles. pp. 169–170. ISBN 0-946537-39-9. 

External links

  • Train times and station information for Enfield Chase railway station from National Rail
  • "History of Enfield from local government". Enfield Borough Council. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Enfield_Chase_railway_station&oldid=801672647"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enfield_Chase_railway_station
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Enfield Chase railway station"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA