Enea Navarini

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Enea Navarini
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1982-0927-502, Nordafrika, Navarini, Rommel, Diesener.jpg
Enea Navarini (at left) conferring with Erwin Rommel and Alfred Gause at the beginning of Operation Crusader.
Born 1 April 1885
Cesena, Kingdom of Italy
Died 22 March 1977(1977-03-22) (aged 91)
Merano, Italian Republic
Allegiance  Kingdom of Italy
 Italian Social Republic (1943–1945)
Service/branch  Royal Italian Army (1905-1943)
National Republican Army (1943–1945)
Years of service 1905-1945
Rank Generale di corpo d'armata
Commands held 56th Infantry Division Casale
XXI Army Corps
XIX Army Corps
Battles/wars Italo-Turkish War
World War I
Second Italo-Abyssinian War
World War II

Enea Navarini (Cesena 1 April 1885 - Merano 22 March 1977) was an Italian general who served during the Second World War from 1940 to 1943.

Biography

From 1939 to 1941 Enea Navarini was the general officer commanding the 56th Infantry Division Casale. On March 14, 1941, the division boarded ship for Albania, to participate in the ongoing Greco-Italian War. After the German invasion of Greece, Navarini was transferred to the North African front where he assumed command of the XXI Army Corps.

In Africa, Navarini became one of the most trusted assistants to Erwin Rommel and at some time also appointed as Chief of DELEASE (Detachment of the Italian Supreme Command in N.A.) until his repatriation on 14 October 1942. He returned to North Africa, at Rommel's direct request, for the Second Battle of El Alamein, once again commanding the XXI Corps.

After the defeat of the German-Italian Panzer Army he remained in command of the surviving units until February 1943 when, following the inevitable loss of the North African front in Tunisia, he was evacuated to Italy.

Posted as commanding general of the XIX Army Corps in Campania, following the Armistice of Cassibile Navarini managed to escape and reach Northern Italy, where he joined the forces of the newborn army of the Italian Social Republic (RSI). Since 1944 he became Commander of the RSI Special Forces Training Unit.

After the end of the war, in April 1945, he was subjected to an administrative process of political legal purge ("administrative trial") with the loss of his role and rank, but in the course of the same year such measures were revoked by legal decision of a superior Court of Justice ("judicial trial").

Sources

  • "Biography of Lieutenant-General Enea Navarini". Generals.dk.

Bibliography

References

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