List of endemic birds of New Zealand

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Many of New Zealand's birds are endemic to the country, that is, they are not found in any other country. Endemic species differ from native or indigenous species in that native or indigenous species have generally and historically, migrated to a region or country and become established over a long period of time, whereas endemic species, have only ever inhabited the region or country where they were first discovered. Approximately 71% of the bird species breeding in New Zealand before humans arrived are widely accepted as being endemic.[1]

Population status symbols are those of the Red List published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.[2] The symbols and their meanings, in increasing order of peril, are:

LC = least concern NT = near threatened VU = vulnerable EN = endangered CR = critically endangered EX = extinct

Endemic bird areas

BirdLife International has defined the following Endemic Bird Areas (EBAs) in New Zealand:

In addition the following are classified as secondary areas:

Secondary areas have at least one restricted-range bird species, but do not meet the criteria for EBAs.

List of species

The following is a list of bird species endemic to New Zealand in alphabetical order, along with their binomial name and conservation status:

North Island brown kiwi

The following seabird species are endemic as breeders:

Southern royal albatross

See also

References

  1. ^ Brockie, Bob (21 November 2012). "Native plants and animals – overview - Species unique to New Zealand". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Wellington: Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  2. ^ The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-1 <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Accessed 23 May 2017
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