Emilio Jacinto

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Emilio Jacinto
Pingkian.jpg
Born Emilio Jacinto y Dizon
(1875-12-15)15 December 1875
Tondo, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died 16 April 1899(1899-04-16) (aged 23)
Magdalena, Laguna, Philippine Islands
Other names "Pingkian", "Dimasilaw", "Ka Ilyong"
Alma mater

Colegio de San Juan de Letran

University of Santo Tomas
Spouse(s) Catalina de Jesus

Emilio Jacinto y Dizon (December 15, 1875 – April 16, 1899) was a Filipino General during the Philippine Revolution. He was one of the highest-ranking officer in the Philippine Revolution and was one of the highest-ranking officers of the revolutionary society Kataas-taasan, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan, or simply and more popularly called Katipunan, being a member of its Supreme Council. He was elected Secretary of State for the Haring Bayang Katagalugan, a revolutionary government established during the outbreak of hostilities. He is popularly known in Philippine history textbooks as the Brains of the Katipunan while some contend he should be rightfully recognized as the "Brains of the Revolution" (a title given to Apolinario Mabini). Jacinto was present in the so-called Cry of Pugad Lawin (or Cry of Balintawak) with Andrés Bonifacio, the Supreme President of the Katipunan, and others of its members which signaled the start of the Revolution against the Spanish colonial government in the islands.

Grave (Santa Maria Magdalena Parish Church of Magdalena -Magdalena, Laguna)
Old 20 peso bill that features Emilio Jacinto and Andres Bonifacio

Biography

Born in Manila, Jacinto was proficient both in Spanish and Tagalog. He attended San Juan de Letran College, and later transferred to the University of Santo Tomas to study law. Manuel Quezon, Sergio Osmeña and Juan Sumulong were classmates. He did not finish college and, at the age of 19, joined the secret society called Katipunan. He became the advisor on fiscal matters and secretary to Andrés Bonifacio. He was later known as Utak ng Katipunan. He and Bonifacio also befriended Apolinario Mabini when they attempted to continue José Rizal's La Liga Filipina.

Jacinto also wrote for the Katipunan newspaper called Kalayaan. He wrote in the newspaper under the pen name "Dimasilaw", and used the alias "Pingkian" in the Katipunan. Jacinto was the author of the Kartilya ng Katipunan as well.

After Bonifacio's execution, Jacinto pressed on with the Katipunan's struggle. Like general Mariano Álvarez, he refused to join the forces of general Emilio Aguinaldo, the leader of the Katipunan's Magdalo faction. Jacinto lived in Laguna and also joined the militia fighting the Spaniards. Jacinto contracted malaria and died in Magdalena, Laguna, at the age of 23.[citation needed] His remains were initially buried in Santa Cruz, Laguna, and were transferred to Manila North Cemetery a few years later.

He was married to Catalina de Jesus, who was pregnant at the time of his death.[1]

Tributes

In the 1970s, Jacinto's remains were transferred and enshrined at Himlayang Pilipino Memorial Park in Quezon City. At the shrine is a life-size bronze sculpture of a defiant Jacinto riding a horse during his days as a revolutionary. Another statue of Jacinto is located in Mehan Garden.

Jacinto's likeness used to be featured on the old 20 peso bill that circulated from 1949 to 1969, and also on the old 20 centavo coin.

In popular culture

References

  1. ^ Emilio Jacinto family

External links

  • National Heroes: Emilio Jacinto. Accessed 1 September 2006. * MSC's honor to Jacinto
  • [1]
  • David, Randy (2010-12-19). "Jacinto". Philippine Daily Inquirer. INQUIRER.net, An INQUIRER Company. Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
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