Emilie Martin
Emilie Martin  

Emilie Norton Martin
 
Born 
Elizabeth, New Jersey

December 30, 1869
Died  February 8, 1936  (aged 66)
Nationality  American 
Alma mater  Bryn Mawr College 
Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics 
Institutions  Mount Holyoke College 
Thesis  Determination of the NonPrimitive Substitution Groups of Degree Fifteen and the Primitive Substitution Groups of Degree Eighteen (1901) 
Doctoral advisor 
Charlotte Scott James Harkness 
Emilie Norton Martin (30 December 1869, in Elizabeth, New Jersey – 8 February 1936)^{[1]} was an American mathematician and professor of mathematics at Mount Holyoke College.^{[2]}
Life
Martin earned her bachelor's degree at Bryn Mawr College in 1894 majoring in mathematics and Latin. She continued her graduate studies at Bryn Mawr under the supervision of Charlotte Scott.^{[3]} In 18971898 she used a Mary E. Garrett Fellowship from Bryn Mawr to study at the University of Göttingen.^{[3]} In Göttingen, Martin and Virginia Ragsdale attended lectures by Felix Klein and David Hilbert.^{[4]} Although her name and dissertation title were printed in the 1899 commencement program, her Ph.D. wasn't granted until 1901 when her dissertation was published.^{[4]}
In 1903 she became an instructor at Mount Holyoke College. She was later promoted to associate professor and then professor. Although she had earned a doctorate, it did not hasten her promotion to professor. She spent eight years as an instructor and fifteen as an associate professor. This was common for women of her time, who were often unable to pass the associate professorship. Martin's research focused on primitive substitution groups of degree 15 and primitive substitution groups of degree 18. In 1904 she published the index to the first ten volumes of the Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society.^{[2]}
Martin was a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Mathematical Society, and the Mathematical Association of America.^{[2]}
References
 ^ Ogilvie, Marilyn; Harvey, Joy; Rossiter, Margaret, eds. (2014) [2000]. The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives From Ancient Times to the Mid20th Century. Routledge. p. 848. ISBN 9781135963439.
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} Bailey, Martha J. (1994). American Women in Science: A Biographical Dictionary (second ed.). ABCCLIO. pp. 236–237. ISBN 9780874367409: Profiles 400 women who lived or started their careers before 1950
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} Riddle, Larry. "Emilie Norton Martin". Biographies of Women in Mathematics. Anges Scott College.
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} Green, Judy; LaDuke, Jeanne (2009). Pioneering Women in American Mathematics: The Pre1940 PhD's. American Mathematical Soc. p. 235. ISBN 9780821896747. Biography on p.385387 of the Supplementary Material at AMS
External links
 Emilie Martin on the Mathematics Genealogy Project
 Relating To Required Mathematics For Women Students by Emilie Martin for the American Mathematical Monthly