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Embassy of the United States, Jerusalem

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Embassy of the United States, Jerusalem
Seal of an Embassy of the United States of America.svg
Relocation of US Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem DSC0557 (28239099728).jpg
Location Jerusalem, Israel
Address 14 David Flusser Street
Coordinates 31°44′52″N 35°13′29″E / 31.74778°N 35.22472°E / 31.74778; 35.22472Coordinates: 31°44′52″N 35°13′29″E / 31.74778°N 35.22472°E / 31.74778; 35.22472
Ambassador David M. Friedman
(March 29, 2017–present)
Website il.usembassy.gov

The Embassy of the United States of America in Jerusalem is the diplomatic mission of the United States of America to the State of Israel, located in the Talpiot neighborhood of Jerusalem. In mid-October 2018, the United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced that the Embassy in Jerusalem would be merging with the US Consulate-General in Jerusalem into a single mission. Relations with the Palestinians would still be conducted through a special Palestinian Affairs Unit inside the Embassy.[1]

History

The Embassy opened at its Jerusalem location on May 14, 2018, the 70th anniversary of the creation of the modern State of Israel.[2] It was relocated from its previous site in Tel Aviv by the Donald Trump Administration and is situated in the Arnona section of the US Consulate. The opening prayer was delivered by the Evangelical Reverend Robert Jeffress, and the closing prayer was given by the Evangelical Reverend John C. Hagee.[3][4][5]

The move came 23 years after the passage of the Jerusalem Embassy Act of October 23, 1995, which set a deadline of May 31, 1999, for the move.[6] The Clinton, Bush, and Obama administrations had all deferred the move. Eugene Kontorovich claimed that the decision to shift the US embassy to this area is tantamount to the United States recognizing Israeli sovereignty over land that it captured in the Six-Day War in 1967.[7]

However, despite the move of the Embassy to Jerusalem, President Trump signed on June 4, 2018 an executive order postponing the move of the Embassy to Jerusalem, although it already moved to that city. He was required to sign the order since the Jerusalem Embassy Act requires the US Ambassador to have a permanent residence in Jerusalem, a condition not yet fulfilled.[8]

Location

The United States Embassy is currently located in the Arnona consular section of the current U.S. Consulate General in Jerusalem. The space houses the Ambassador and a small 50-member staff. The Ambassador will split his time between the US Embassy in Jerusalem and the Tel Aviv Embassy Branch Office, where many diplomatic functions would still be conducted. Most consular Functions of the still existing Consulate have been subsumed under Embassy authority.[9][10][11]

The embassy straddles the 1949–67 Armistice line in Jerusalem, located partially in West Jerusalem and partially in no man's land.[12][7] A senior United Nations official stated: "Under international law it is still occupied territory, because neither party had any right to occupy the area between the lines".[12]

Impact of move

Palestinian officials warned that it could lead to an "inactive war" and violent protests.[13] The Embassy's opening coincided with the bloodiest day of the 2018 Gaza border protests, with more than 57 Palestinians killed.[14][15] French Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs Jean-Yves Le Drian said, "This decision contravenes international law and in particular the resolutions of the Security Council and the UN General Assembly".[14]

The opening of a new US Embassy in Jerusalem led several other countries to move their embassies to Jerusalem. Two days after the US Embassy opened, Guatemala moved its embassy to Israel back to Jerusalem.[16] Paraguay also opened a Jerusalem embassy to Israel, citing the US precedent.[17]

On October 18, 2018, United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced that the US would be merging the Embassy and US Consulate General in Jerusalem into a single mission. The United States will continue conducting relations with the West Bank and Gaza through a newly-created Palestinian Affairs Unit which will operate from the Agron Site of the Jerusalem Embassy.[1] While the decision was praised by the Israeli Government, Palestinian officials criticized the Trump Administration for siding with Israel's claim to Jerusalem and "Greater Israel".[18][19][20][21]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Pompeo, Mike. "On the Merging of U.S. Embassy Jerusalem and U.S. Consulate General Jerusalem". U.S. Consulate General in Jerusalem. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Editorial: On the 70th anniversary of the establishment of Israel, its people would do well to reflect on the peaceful spirit of the agreement". The Independent. London, England: Independent Print Ltd. May 12, 2018. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  3. ^ Shatz, Adam (August 30, 2018). "The sea is the same sea". London Review of Books. 40 (16): 24–28. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  4. ^ Haag, Matthew (May 14, 2018). "Robert Jeffress, Pastor Who Said Jews Are Going to Hell, Led Prayer at Jerusalem Embassy". The New York Times. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  5. ^ Harkov, Lahav (May 14, 2018). "Pastor at Jerusalem Embassy event said Jews, Mormons, Muslims going to Hell". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  6. ^ Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995, Pub.L. 104–45, November 8, 1995, 109 Stat. 398.
  7. ^ a b Kershner, Isabel (March 7, 2018). "New U.S. Embassy May Be in Jerusalem, but Not in Israel Image". New York Times. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  8. ^ Diamond, Jeremy (June 5, 2018). "Trump again signs embassy waiver despite move to Jerusalem". CNN. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  9. ^ Wilner, Michael (February 23, 2018). "U.S. CONFIRMS JERUSALEM EMBASSY OPENING IN MAY". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  10. ^ Nauert, Heather. "Opening of U.S. Embassy Jerusalem". United States Department of State. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  11. ^ Schneider, Tal; Zerachovitz, Omri; Barkat, Amiram (May 14, 2018). "US Jerusalem embassy opening starts long process". Globes. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  12. ^ a b Farrell, Stephen; Lubell, Maayan (May 15, 2018). "U.S. Jerusalem embassy lies 'at the end of the world'". Reuters. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  13. ^ "Impact of moving U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem". CBS News. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  14. ^ a b Wagner, Meg; Ries, Brian (May 14, 2018). "Dozens die in Gaza as US Embassy opens: Live updates". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  15. ^ Holmes, Oliver; Balousha, Hazem (May 15, 2018). "Palestinians to bury 58 people killed in US embassy protests". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  16. ^ TOI staff and Raphael Ahern (May 15, 2018). "Guatemala set to open Jerusalem embassy, days after US". Times of Israel.
  17. ^ Raphael Ahern (May 21, 2018). "Paraguay becomes third country to open embassy in Jerusalem". Times of Israel. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  18. ^ "U.S. to merge Jerusalem consulate in to new embassy". Reuters. 19 October 2018. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  19. ^ Holmes, Oliver (18 October 2018). "US downgrades consulate for Palestinians into Israel embassy unit". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  20. ^ "Erekat slams US' decision to merge US Jerusalem consulate and embassy". Wafa. 18 October 2018. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  21. ^ Wilner, Michael (18 October 2018). "U.S. merges Jerusalem embassy and consulate". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 21 October 2018.

External links

  • Official website
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