Ellery Harding Clark

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Ellery Harding Clark
Elleryclark.jpg
Ellery Clark in 1896
Personal information
Born March 13, 1874
West Roxbury, Massachusetts, United States
Died July 27, 1949 (aged 75)
near Hingham, Massachusetts, United States
Alma mater Harvard University
Height 5 ft 10 12 in (179 cm)
Sport
Sport Athletics
Event(s) High jump, long jump, triple jump, hammer throw, shot put
Club Boston Athletic Association
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s) HJ – 1.81 m (1896)
LJ – 6.60 m (1897)
TJ – 12.88 m (1895)
HT – 38.48 m (1899)
SP – 12.06 m (1897)[1][2]

Ellery Harding Clark (March 13, 1874 – July 27, 1949) was an American track and field athlete. He was the first modern Olympic champion in high jump and long jump.[3]

Biography

Clark is the only person to have won both the Olympic high jump and long jump. Clark achieved it in 1896, at the first modern Olympics in Athens. A Harvard student, he was given a leave of absence to compete because of his high grades - in contrast to another gold medal winner from Harvard, James Connolly. Clark was one of the top all-around athletes from 1893 to 1912.

In the long jump, Clark had used his hat to mark his runway. Twice the judge (King Constantine of Greece) had removed the hat, saying this was a practice of professionals. Only at the third attempt, and without the hat, did Clark achieve a valid jump, good enough for gold. His final jump was of 6.35 meters. Clark later won the high jump as well, clearing 1.81 meters. The closest competitors were fellow Americans Connolly and Robert Garrett at 1.65 meters. In the shot put, Clark was among the bottom three of the seven-man field.[1]

He never won a national championship in either jump, but he was the 1897 and 1903 AAU champion in the all-around, an event similar to the decathlon. He won the 1897 American all-around championship with performances that would have won him the 1896 Olympic high jump, long jump, and shot put, and probably the 100 m sprint and the 110 m hurdles as well.

Ellery also competed in the 1904 Olympics in St. Louis, in the all-around competition. Although he had to abandon the contest after five events due to bronchitis, he was still classed sixth. At age 32, he was still winning major meets. He competed as a walker until the age of 56.[1][4]

Clark's professional life was equally varied. He excelled as an author, lawyer, track coach, teacher and Boston city alderman. He wrote 19 books including one which was made into a 1952 film, Caribbean.[1]

In 1904 he married Mary Victoria Maddelena, a Swiss.[5] The engagement and subsequent marriage caused something of a stir in the press - Clark was a millionaire and Maddalena from the 'South end slums'.[6]

He died on a train en route from Boston to his home at Cohasset.[7]

He was inducted into the USATF Hall of Fame in 1991.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Ellery Clark Archived 8 August 2015 at the Wayback Machine.. sports-reference.com
  2. ^ Ellery Clark. trackfield.brinkster.net
  3. ^ Clark, Former Olympic Champion, Dies at 75, Daily Southern Independent Illinoisan, July 27, 1949
  4. ^ a b Ellery Clark. USA Track & Field Hall of Fame
  5. ^ Are Wedded: E.H. Clark Claims His Swiss Bride, Boston Daily Globe, June 17, 1904
  6. ^ Like a Fairy Story, Baltimore Sun, May 8, 1904
  7. ^ Clark, Former Olympic Champion, Dies at 75, Daily Southern Independent Illinoisan, July 27, 1949

External links

  • The First Americans at the Olympic Games by Ellery Clark
  • Ellery Clark sports-reference.com
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