Elections in Wales

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In addition to community councils, Wales has elections to four tiers of government: 22 unitary local authorities, the National Assembly for Wales, the United Kingdom Parliament and the European Parliament.

Local government

The results of the most recent local elections, showing control party by council (left), and largest party by ward (right).

There are elections to 22 unitary authorities across Wales every four years, most recently on 4 May 2017. The electoral system currently used is First Past The Post. Key unitary authorities are Cardiff, Newport and Swansea councils, which all lie in the southern coastal belt.

National Assembly for Wales

The National Assembly for Wales has existed since 1999, after Welsh voters narrowly approved it in the 1997 devolution referendum. It is based in Cardiff Bay, and there are elections every five years for 60 Assembly Members (AMs). Voters have two votes: 40 AMs are elected by the First Past The Post system in individual constituencies, and a further 20 AMs are elected by the Regional Top-Up system in which voters vote by region. The regions are South Wales East, South Wales Central, South Wales West, Mid and West Wales and North Wales. Each region elects four AMs, to achieve approximately proportional representation overall.

Latest election

Past elections and referendums

UK Parliament

Map of the 2017 election results.

Wales has been eligible to send MPs to Westminster since the Laws in Wales Act 1535. Between then and 1885, most constituencies were categorised as county or borough constituencies; each sent one MP to Westminster. As the Industrial Revolution took hold there were many calls for reform (particularly in towns such as Merthyr Tydfil). Parliament eventually allowed the new towns to vote, and this introduced the first Labour MPs. The first leader of the Labour Party in Parliament, Keir Hardie, was one of the two MPs for Merthyr Tydfil. The following table shows the composition of Wales' Westminster MPs since 1885.

Year Conservative Labour Liberal Democrat/
Liberal
Plaid Cymru Independent Liberal Unionist Independent Labour Others
1885 4 - 29 - - - - 1
1886 6 - 26 - - 1 - 1
1892 3 - 30 - - - - 1
1895 8 - 24 - - 1 - 1
1900 6 1 26 - - 1 - 1
1906 - 1 28 - - - 1 -
Jan 1910 2 5 27 - - - - -
Dec 1910 3 6 26 - - - 1 -
1918 4 10 19 - - - - 20
1922 6 18 2 - - - 1 9
1923 4 19 11 - - - - 2
1924 9 16 11 - - - - -
1929 1 25 10 - - - - -
1931 6 15 5 - - - 1 9
1935 6 18 8 - - - - 4
1945 3 25 7 - - - - 1
1950 3 27 5 - - - - 1
1951 5 27 3 - - - - 1
1955 5 27 3 - - - - 1
1959 6 27 2 - - - - 1
1964 6 28 2 - - - - -
1966 3 32 1 - - - - -
1970 7 27 1 - - - 1 -
Feb 1974 8 24 2 2 - - - -
Oct 1974 8 23 2 3 - - - -
1979 11 22 1 2 - - - -
1983 14 20 2 2 - - - -
1987 8 24 3 3 - - - -
1992 6 27 1 4 - - - -
1997 - 34 2 4 - - - -
2001 - 34 2 4 - - - -
2005 3 29 4 3 1 - - -
2010 8 26 3 3 - - - -
2015 11 25 1 3 - - - -
2017 8 28 - 4 - - - -

Detailed Breakdowns

2010

Party Candidates Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 40 26 Decrease4 531,601 36.2 Decrease6.5
Conservative 40 8 Increase5 382,730 26.1 Increase4.7
Liberal Democrat 40 3 Decrease1 295,164 20.1 Increase1.7
Plaid Cymru 40 3 Increase1 165,394 11.3 Decrease1.3
UKIP 40 0 0 35,690 2.4 Increase1.0
BNP 19 0 0 23,088 1.6 Increase1.5
Independent 0 0 15,339 1.0
Blaenau Gwent PV 1 0 Decrease1 6,458 0.4
Green 10 0 0 6,293 0.4 Decrease0.1
Christian 0 0 1,947 0.1
Socialist Labour 4 0 0 1,155 0.0
New Millennium Bean Party 1 0 0 558 0.0
National Front 1 0 0 384 0.0
Monster Raving Loony 2 0 0 352 0.0
TUSC 2 0 0 341 0.0
Communist 1 0 0 196 0.0
Alliance for Green Socialism 1 0 0 127 0.0
Turnout: 1,446,690 64.9

2005

Party Candidates Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 29 Decrease5 594,821 42.7 Decrease5.9
Conservative 3 Increase3 297,830 21.4 Increase0.4
Liberal Democrat 4 Increase2 256,249 18.4 Increase4.6
Plaid Cymru 3 Decrease1 174,838 12.6 Decrease1.7
UKIP 0 Steady 20,297 1.5
Green 0 Steady 7,144 0.5
Forward Wales 0 Steady 3,461 0.2
Legalise Cannabis 0 Steady 1,772 0.1
BNP 0 Steady 1,689 0.1
Socialist Labour 0 Steady 1,605 0.1
Veritas 0 Steady 1,437 0.1
Respect 0 Steady 643 0.0
Liberal 0 Steady 605 0.0
Socialist Alliance 0 Steady 557 0.0
Communist 0 Steady 440 0.0
Yourself 0 Steady 284 0.0
Bean Party 0 Steady 159 0.0
Independent 1 Increase1 28,888 2.3
Turnout: 1,392,719 62.4

2001

Party Candidates Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 40 34 Steady 666,956 48.6 Decrease6.1
Conservative 40 0 Steady 288,623 21.0 Increase1.4
Plaid Cymru 40 4 Steady 195,893 14.3 Increase4.4
Liberal Democrat 2 Steady 189,254 13.8 Increase1.5
UKIP 0 Steady 12,552 0.9
Green 0 Steady 3,753 0.3
Socialist Labour 0 Steady 2,805 0.2
Socialist Alliance 0 Steady 2,258 0.2
ProLife Alliance 0 Steady 1,609 0.1
Communist 0 Steady 384 0.0
BNP 0 Steady 278 0.0
Others Steady 7,959 0.6
Turnout: 1,372,324 61.6

European Parliament

Wales is a constituency in European Parliament elections.

2014

European Election 2014: Wales
List Candidates Votes % ±
Labour Derek Vaughan
Jayne Bryant, Alex Thomas, Christina Rees[1][2]
206,332 28.15 +7.9
UKIP Nathan Gill
James Cole, Caroline Jones, David Rowlands[2][3]
201,983 27.55 +14.8
Conservative Kay Swinburne
Aled Davies, Dan Boucher, Richard Hopkin[2][4]
127,742 17.43 −3.8
Plaid Cymru Jill Evans
Marc Jones, Stephen Cornelius, Ioan Bellin[2][5][6]
111,864 15.26 −3.3
Green Pippa Bartolotti, John Matthews, Chris Were, Rosemary Cutler[2][7][8] 33,275 4.54 −1.0
Liberal Democrat Alec Dauncey, Robert Speht, Jackie Radford, Bruce Roberts[2] 28,930 3.95 −6.7
BNP Mike Whitby, Laurence Reid, Jean Griffin, Gary Tumulty[2] 7,655 1.04 −4.4
Britain First Paul Golding, Anthony Golding, Christine Smith, Anne Elstone[2] 6,633 0.9 0.00
Socialist Labour Andrew Jordan, Katherine Jones, David Lloyd Jones, Liz Screen[2] 4,459 0.61 −1.2
NO2EU Robert Griffiths, Claire Job, Steve Skelly, Laura Picand[2] 2,803 0.38 −0.9
Socialist (GB) Brian Johnson, Richard Cheney, Ed Blewitt, Howard Moss[2][9] 1,384 0.19 0.00
Turnout 733,060 31.5 +1.1

2009

European Election 2009: Wales[10][11]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Conservative Kay Swinburne
Evan Price, Emma Greenow, David Chipp
145,193 21.2 +1.8
Labour Derek Vaughan
Lisa Stevens, Rachel Maycock, Leighton Veale
138,852 20.3 −12.2
Plaid Cymru Jill Evans
Eurig Wyn, Ioan Bellin, Natasha Asghar
126,702 18.5 +1.1
UKIP John Bufton
David Bevan, Kevin Mahoney, David Rowlands
87,585 12.8 +2.3
Liberal Democrat Alan Butt Phillip, Kevin O'Connor, Nick Tregoning, Jackie Radford 73,082 10.7 +0.2
Green Jake Griffiths, Kay Roney, Ann Were, John Matthews 38,160 5.6 +2.0
BNP Ennys Hughes, Laurence Read, Clive Bennett, Kevin Edwards 37,114 5.4 +2.5
Christian Jeffrey Green, David Griffiths, Alun Owen, John Harrold 13,037 1.9 N/A
Socialist Labour Robert English, Richard Booth, Liz Screen, Judith Sambrook 12,402 1.8 N/A
NO2EU Robert Griffiths, Rob Williams, Laura Picand, Trevor Jones 8,600 1.3 N/A
Jury Team Paul Sabanskis, James Eustace, Neil Morgan, Steven Partridge 3,793 0.6 N/A
Turnout 684,520 30.4 −11.0

2004

European Election 2004: Wales[12]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Labour Glenys Kinnock, Eluned Morgan
Gareth Williams, Gwennan Jeremiah
297,810
(148,905)
32.5 +0.6
Conservative Jonathan Evans
Owen Williams, Felicity Elphick, Albert Fox
177,771 19.4 −3.3
Plaid Cymru Jill Evans
Jon Blackwood, Eilian Williams, Gwenllian Lansdown
159,888 17.4 −12.2
UKIP David Rowlands, Clive Easton, Elizabeth Phillips, Timothy Jenkins 96,677 10.5 +7.4
Liberal Democrat David John Williams, Alison Goldsworthy, Nicholas Tregoning, Nilmini Priyanga de Silva 96,116 10.5 +2.3
Green Martyn Shrewsbury, Molly Scott Cato, David Bradney, Dorienne Robinson 32,761 3.6 +1.0
BNP John Walker, Pauline Gregory, James Roberts, Mark Stringfellow[13] 27,135 3.0 N/A
Forward Wales Ron Davies, Wendy Paintsil, Janet Williams, Graham Jones 17,280 1.9 N/A
Christian Democratic Party Catherine Smith, Christine West, Joseph Biddulph, Robert Evans 6,821 0.7 N/A
Respect Helen Griffin, Huw Williams, Raja Gul Raiz, Taran O'Sullivan 5,427 0.6 N/A
Turnout 917,686 41.4 +12.4

1999

European Election 1999: Wales[14]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Labour Glenys Kinnock, Eluned Morgan
Joe Wilson, Gareth Williams, Jane Hutt
199,690
(99,845)
31.9 N/A
Plaid Cymru Jill Evans, Eurig Wyn
Marc Phillips, Susanna Perkins, Owain Llywelyn
185,235
(92,617.5)
29.6 N/A
Conservative Jonathan Evans
Chris Butler, Owen John Williams, Robert Buckland, Edmund Hayward
142,631 22.8 N/A
Liberal Democrat Roger Roberts, Peter Price, Alistair Cameron, Juliana Hughes, John Dixon 51,283 8.2 N/A
UKIP Dai Rees, Niall Warry, Idris Richard Francis, Alan Barham, David Lloyd 19,702 3.1 N/A
Green Molly Scott Cato, Klaus Armstrong-Braun, Sue Walker, Rachel Kalela, John Matthews 16,146 2.6 N/A
Pro-Euro Conservative William Powell, Jennifer Harris, Antonio Fernandes-Vidal, Alan Morris, Christopher Hodgkinson 5,834 0.9 N/A
Socialist Labour Elizabeth Screen, Darren Hickery, Stephen Bell, Miriam Bowen, George Tafarides 4,283 0.7 N/A
Natural Law David Hughes, Brian Francis, Helen Evans, Andrea Jarman, John Ashforth 1,621 0.3 N/A
Turnout 626,425 29.0 N/A

1994

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 5 Increase1 530,749 55.86 Increase6.93
Plaid Cymru 0 Steady 162,478 17.10 Increase4.21
Conservative 0 Steady 138,349 14.56 Decrease8.89
Social and Liberal Democrats 0 Steady 82,480 8.68 Increase5.46
Green 0 Steady 19,413 2.04 Decrease9.11
Natural Law 0 6,081 0.64
UKIP 0 5,536 0.58
Independent 0 2,729 0.29
Socialist Alliance 0 1,270 1.33
Communist 0 1,073 0.11
Turnout: 950,158

1989

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 4 Increase1 436,730 48.93 Increase4.1
Conservative 0 Decrease1 209,313 23.45 Decrease1.91
Plaid Cymru 0 Steady 115,062 12.89 Increase0.69
Green 0 Steady 99,546 11.15 Increase10.64
Social and Liberal Democrats 0 Steady 28,785 3.22 Decrease14.18
SDP 0 3,153 0.35
Turnout: 892,589

1984

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 3 Steady 375,982 44.53 Increase2.83
Conservative 1 Steady 214,086 25.36 Decrease10.98
Alliance 0 Steady 146,947 17.40 Increase7.79
Plaid Cymru 0 Steady 103,031 12.20 Increase0.41
Ecology 0 4,266 0.51
Turnout: 844,312

1979

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes % %
change
Labour 3 294,978 41.70
Conservative 1 257,029 36.34
Plaid Cymru 0 83,399 11.79
Liberal 0 67,962 9.61
Independent 0 4,008 0.57
Turnout: 707,376

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Parry-Jones, Bryn (24 April 2014). "Statement of Persons Nominated". Pembrokeshire County Council. Archived from the original on 11 January 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  3. ^ We announce regional MEP candidates for the Euro Elections UKIP Archived 10 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Results of Ballot". conservatives.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  5. ^ MEP Jill Evans tops list of Plaid Cymru's EU candidates Archived 22 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine BBC News
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 March 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "The Wales Green Party has announced today that their Leader, Pippa Bartolotti, is their candidate for the upcoming European Elections to be held next May". Wales.greenparty.org.uk. 22 November 2013. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 February 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Socialists to Stand in Euro-elections | The Socialist Party of Great Britain". worldsocialism.org. Archived from the original on 17 June 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  10. ^ "Electoral Office of Wales". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  11. ^ "European Election 2009: Wales". BBC News. 8 June 2009. Archived from the original on 8 June 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  12. ^ "2004 Election candidates". UK Office of the European Parliament. Archived from the original on 4 October 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
  13. ^ "walescand". Web.archive.org. 3 June 2004. Archived from the original on 18 February 2005. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  14. ^ "1999 Election candidates". UK Office of the European Parliament. Archived from the original on 28 August 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
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