Elections in Italy

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Italy elects, at the national level, a Parliament consisting of two houses: the Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) with 630 members; and the Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica) with 315 elected members, plus a few senators for life. The President of the Republic is elected for a seven-year term by the two houses of Parliament in joint session.

Italy has historically had many political parties, both national and regional, with different party systems.

The most recent Italian general election was held on 4 March 2018.

2018 election

The general election was held on 4 March 2018.

The centre-right alliance, in which Matteo Salvini's League emerged as the main political force, won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate of the Republic. The anti-establishment Five Star Movement led by Luigi Di Maio became the party with the largest number of votes, and the centre-left coalition, led by former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, came third.[1][2] However, no political group or party won an outright majority, resulting in a hung parliament.

After three months of negotiation, a coalition was finally formed on 1 June between the M5S and the League, whose leaders both became Deputy Prime Ministers in a government led by the M5S-linked independent Giuseppe Conte as Prime Minister.

Chamber of Deputies

Summary of the 4 March 2018 Chamber of Deputies election results
Italian Chamber of Deputies 2018.svg
Coalition Party Proportional First-past-the-post Italians abroad Total
seats
±
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Centre-right coalition League (L) 5,698,687 17.35 73 12,152,345 37.00 49 240,072 21.43 2 125 +109
Forza Italia (FI) 4,596,956 14.00 59 46 1 104 +1
Brothers of Italy (FdI) 1,429,550 4.35 19 12 0 32 +25
Us with ItalyUdC (NcI–UdC) 427,152 1.30 0 4 11,845 1.09 0 4 New
Total seats 151 111 3 265 +140
Five Star Movement (M5S) 10,732,066 32.68 133 10,732,066 32.68 93 197,346 17.57 1 227 +119
Centre-left coalition Democratic Party (PD) 6,161,896 18.76 86 7,506,723 22.85 21 297,153 26.45 5 112 −180
More Europe (+E) 841,468 2.56 0 2 64,350 5.73 1 3 New
Together (I) 190,601 0.58 0 1 N/A N/A 0 1 New
Popular Civic List (CP) 178,107 0.54 0 2 32.071 2.85 0 2 New
SVPPATT 134,651 0.41 2 2 N/A N/A 0 4 −1
Total seats 88 28 6 122 −223
Free and Equal (LeU) 1,114,799 3.38 14 1,114,799 3.39 0 64,523 5.74 0 14 New
Associative Movement Italians Abroad (MAIE) N/A N/A 0 N/A N/A 0 107,236 9.55 1 1 −1
South American Union Italian Emigrants (USEI) N/A N/A 0 N/A N/A 0 68,291 6.08 1 1 ±0
Total 630

Senate of the Republic

Summary of the 4 March 2018 Senate of the Republic election results
Italian Senate 2018.svg
Coalition Party Proportional First-past-the-post Italians abroad Total
seats
±
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Centre-right coalition League (L) 5,321,537 17.61 37 11,327,549 37.50 21 226,885 21.98 0 58 +39
Forza Italia (FI) 4,358,004 14.43 33 23 2 57 –41
Brothers of Italy (FdI) 1,286,606 4.26 7 9 0 18 +18
Us with ItalyUdC (NcI–UdC) 361,402 1.20 0 4 10,404 1.04 0 4 New
Total seats 77 58 2 137 +20
Five Star Movement (M5S) 9,733,928 32.22 68 9,733,928 32.22 44 174,948 17.64 0 112 +58
Centre-left coalition Democratic Party (PD) 5,783,360 19.14 43 6,947,199 23.00 8 279,489 27.08 2 53 –57
More Europe (+E) 714,821 2.37 0 1 55,625 5.39 0 1 New
Together (I) 163,454 0.54 0 1 N/A N/A N/A 1 New
Popular Civic List (CP) 157,282 0.52 0 1 31,293 3.15 0 1 New
SVPPATT 128,282 0.42 1 2 N/A N/A N/A 3 –1
Aosta Valley (VdA) N/A N/A N/A 1 N/A N/A N/A 1 ±0
Total seats 44 14 2 60 –63
Free and Equal (LeU) 991,159 3.28 4 991,159 3.28 0 55,279 5.57 0 4 New
Associative Movement Italians Abroad (MAIE) N/A N/A 0 N/A N/A 0 110,879 10.74 1 1 ±0
South American Union Italian Emigrants (USEI) N/A N/A 0 N/A N/A 0 68,233 6.61 1 1 ±0
Total 315

Voter turnout

Year Voter turnout Voters Register voters Population Invalid votes
2018 72.93% 33,923,321 46,505,499 60,589,445 4.33%
2013 75.‌19% 35,271,541 46,905,154 61,482,297 3.‌59%
2008 80.‌54% 37,954,253 47,126,326 58,147,733 5.‌10%
2006 83.‌62% 39,298,497 46,997,601 58,103,033 2.‌90%
2001 81.‌44% 40,195,500 49,358,947 57,684,294 7.‌20%
1996 82.‌91% 40,496,438 48,846,238 57,239,000 7.‌80%
1994 86.‌14% 41,461,260 48,135,041 57,049,000 5.‌90%
1992 87.‌44% 41,479,764 47,435,964 56,859,000 5.‌40%
1987 88.‌86% 40,599,490 45,689,829 57,345,000 4.‌90%
1983 89.‌02% 39,114,321 43,936,534 56,836,000 5.‌70%
1979 90.‌35% 38,112,228 42,181,664 56,292,000 3.‌90%
1976 93.‌37% 37,741,404 40,423,131 55,701,000 2.‌70%
1972 93.‌18% 34,524,106 37,049,654 54,410,000 3.‌20%
1968 92.‌79% 33,003,249 35,566,681 52,910,000 3.‌60%
1963 92.‌88% 31,766,058 34,201,660 50,498,000 3.‌20%
1958 93.‌72% 30,399,708 32,436,022 49,041,000 2.‌80%
1953 93.‌87% 28,410,851 30,267,080 47,756,000 4.‌30%
1948 92.‌23% 26,854,203 29,117,554 45,706,000 2.‌20%
1946 89.‌08% 24,947,187 28,005,449 44,994,000 7.‌70%

According to an article written in Bloomberg news, voters are tired of the candidates, that is why voter turnout has been drastically reduced since the 1970s, along with the fact that there is no longer a compulsory voting system. The voter turnout in 2013 explains how the people of Italy really feel about the instability of their government.[3][4]

Graph of general election results

This graph shows the results of elections held in Italy from 1946 to today, with the percentages of consensus gathered by the various parties and movements displayed by color. Passing your mouse over the different colored sections will display the name of the grouping and the percentage in the corresponding election. Clicking on a region will direct you to the article on the party or election selected.

Birth of the Italian Republic#Referendum Italian general election, 1946 Italian general election, 1948 Italian general election, 1953 Italian general election, 1958 Italian general election, 1963 Italian general election, 1968 Italian general election, 1972 Italian general election, 1976 Italian general election, 1979 Italian general election, 1983 Italian general election, 1987 Italian general election, 1992 Italian general election, 1994 Italian general election, 1996 Italian general election, 2001 Italian general election, 2006 Italian general election, 2008 Italian general election, 2013 Italian Communist Party 18,93 Italian Socialist Party of Proletary Unity 20,68 Action Party 1,45 Italian Republican Party 4,36 Others Christian Democracy 35,21 National Democratic Union 6,78 National Bloc of Freedom 2,77 Uomo Qualunque Front 5,27 Popular Democratic Front 30,98 Italian Democratic Socialist Party 7,07 Italian Republican Party 2,48 Others Christian Democracy 48,51 National Bloc 3,82 Monarchist National Party 2,78 Italian Social Movement 2,01 Italian Communist Party 22,6 Italian Socialist Party 12,7 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 4,52 Italian Republican Party 1,62 Christian Democracy 40,1 Italian Liberal Party 3,01 Monarchist National Party 6,85 Italian Social Movement 5,84 Italian Communist Party 22,68 Italian Socialist Party 14,23 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 4,55 Italian Republican Party-Radical Party 1,37 Italian Republican Party-Radical Party 1,37 Christian Democracy 42,36 Italian Liberal Party 3,54 People's Monarchist Party 2,63 Monarchist National Party 2,23 Italian Social Movement 4,76 Italian Communist Party 25,26 Italian Socialist Party 13,84 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 6,10 Italian Republican Party 1,37 Christian Democracy 38,29 Italian Liberal Party 6,97 Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 1,75 Italian Social Movement 5,11 Italian Communist Party 26,91 Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity 4,45 Others Unified Socialist Party 14,48 Italian Republican Party 1,97 Christian Democracy 39,12 Italian Liberal Party 5,82 Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity 1,30 Italian Social Movement 4,45 Communist Party of Italy Marxist-Leninist 0,26 Manifesto 0,67 Political Movement of Workers 0,36 Italian Communist Party 27,15 Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity 1,94 Italian Socialist Party 9,61 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 5,14 Italian Republican Party 2,86 Christian Democracy 38,66 Italian Liberal Party 3,88 Italian Social Movement-National Right 8,67 Proletarian Democracy 1,51 Italian Communist Party 34,37 Italian Socialist Party 9,65 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 3,37 Radical Party 1,07 Italian Republican Party 3,09 Christian Democracy 38,71 Partito Liberale Italiano 1,30 Italian Social Movement-National Right 6,11 Proletarian Unity Party 1,37 New Left United 0,80 Italian Communist Party 30,38 Italian Socialist Party 9,81 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 3,84 Radical Party 3,45 Italian Republican Party 3,03 Christian Democracy 38,30 Italian Liberal Party 1,94 National Democracy 0,63 Italian Social Movement-National Right 5,26 Proletarian Democracy 1,47 Italian Communist Party 29,89 Italian Socialist Party 11,44 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 4,09 Radical Party 2,19 Italian Republican Party 5,08 Christian Democracy 32,93 Italian Liberal Party 2,89 Italian Social Movement-National Right 6,81 Proletarian Democracy 1,66 Italian Communist Party 26,57 Italian Socialist Party 14,27 Green Lists 2,51 Others Italian Democratic Socialist Party 2,96 Radical Party 2,56 Italian Republican Party 3,70 Christian Democracy 34,31 Italian Liberal Party 2,10 Italian Social Movement-National Right 5,91 Communist Refoundation Party 5,62 Democratic Party of the Left 16,11 Italian Socialist Party 13,62 Greens 2,79 Others The Net 1,86 Italian Democratic Socialist Party 2,71 Lista Pannella 1,24 Italian Republican Party 4,39 Christian Democracy 29,66 Lega Nord 8,65 Italian Liberal Party 2,86 Italian Social Movement-National Right 5,37 Communist Refoundation Party 6,05 Democratic Party of the Left 20,36 Italian Socialist Party 2,19 Greens 2,70 Democratic Alliance 1,18 The Net 1,86 Others Patto Segni 4,68 Italian People's Party 11,07 Lista Pannella 3,51 Lega Nord 8,36 Forza Italia 21,01 National Alliance 13,47 Communist Refoundation Party 8,6 Democratic Party of the Left 21,1 Greens 2,5 List Dini - Italian Renewal 4,3 Popular for Prodi 6,8 Others Lega Nord 10,1 Lista Pannella - Sgarbi 1,9 CCD - CDU 5,8 CCD - CDU 5,8 Forza Italia 20,6 National Alliance 15,7 Tricolour Flame 0,9 Communist Refoundation Party 5,03 Party of Italian Communists 1,67 Democrats of the Left 16,57 The Daisy 14,52 The Sunflower 2,17 Lista Di Pietro - Italy of Values 3,89 Lista Bonino 2,24 European Democracy 2,39 Others New Italian Socialist Party 0,95 Lega Nord 3,94 Whiteflower 3,22 Forza Italia 29,43 National Alliance 12,02 Tricolour Flame 0,39 Communist Refoundation Party 5,84 Party of Italian Communists 2,31 L'Ulivo 31,27 Greens 2,05 Rose in the Fist 2,59 Italy of Values 2,29 UDEUR Populars 1,39 Others of Union Others Others of House of Freedoms Lega Nord 4,58 Union of Christian and Centre Democrats 6,76 Forza Italia 23,71 National Alliance 12,33 Social Alternative 0,66 Tricolour Flame 0,60 Workers' Communist Party 0,57 Critical Left 0,45 The Left – The Rainbow 3,08 Democratic Party 33,17 Italy of Values 4,37 Socialist Party 0,97 Others Union of the Centre 5,62 Movement for Autonomy - Alliance for the South 1,12 Lega Nord 8,29 The People of Freedom 37,38 The Right–Tricolour Flame 2,428 Left Ecology Freedom 3,16 Democratic Party 25,52 Civic Revolution 2,19 Others 4,00 Civic Choice 8,58 Union of the Centre 1,74 Five Star Movement 25,14 Lega Nord 3,98 The People of Freedom 21,37Graph of Italian general elections
About this image

Past elections and referendums

Presidential appointment

Referendums

The constitution of Italy provides for two kinds of binding referendums.

A legislative referendum can be called in order to abrogate a law totally or partially, if requested by 500,000 electors or five regional councils. This kind of referendum is valid only if at least a majority of electors goes to the polling station. It is forbidden to call a referendum regarding financial laws or laws relating to pardons or the ratification of international treaties.

A constitutional referendum can be called in order to approve a constitutional law or amendment only when it has been approved by the Houses (Chamber of Deputies and Senate of the Republic) with a majority of less than two thirds in both or either House, and only at the request of one fifth of the members of either House, or 500,000 electors or five Regional Councils. A constitutional referendum is valid no matter how many electors go to the polling station. Any citizen entitled to vote in an election to the Chamber of Deputies may participate in a referendum.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Elezioni politiche: vincono M5s e Lega. Crollo del Partito democratico. Centrodestra prima coalizione. Il Carroccio sorpassa Forza Italia". 4 March 2018.
  2. ^ Sala, Alessandro. "Elezioni 2018: M5S primo partito, nel centrodestra la Lega supera FI".
  3. ^ Frye, Andrew. "Italy Voters Stay Home as Turnout on Pace for Post-WWII Low". Bloomberg.Com. Bloomberg. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  4. ^ "World Development Indicators". Databank.Worldbank.Org. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.

External links

  • Adam Carr's Election Archive
  • Parties and elections
  • Ministry of Internal Affairs of Italy - Page on Elections
  • NSD: European Election Database - Italy publishes regional level election data
  • Italy Election Data, European Journal of Political Research-Political Data Yearbook: Interactive
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