Elections in Hamburg

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Hamburg

The number of elections in Hamburg varies. Hamburg has a state election every four years, the elections for the state parliament. There are also elections to the federal diet (the lower house of the federal parliament) of Germany, the local elections of the diet of the boroughs (Bezirksversammlungen) and every five years to the European Parliament. All elections take place by universal adult suffrage and are regulated by law.

Voting system

The voting system for the state and local elections is a mixed member proportional representation. In 2007 the constitutional court of Hamburg declared a new form of election threshold for the state parliament elections unconstitutional.[1]

Referendum and citizen's initiative

Since 1996 citizen's initiatives or a referendums (Volksbegehren or Volksentscheid) are possible in Hamburg.[2][3]

History

Since the second world war, state elections have been held on the following dates:[4]

# Date Election
1. 13 October 1946 Hamburg state election, 1946
2. 16 October 1949 Hamburg state election, 1949
3. 1 November 1953 Hamburg state election, 1953
4. 10 November 1957 Hamburg state election, 1957
5. 12 November 1961 Hamburg state election, 1961
6. 27 March 1966 Hamburg state election, 1966
7. 22 March 1970 Hamburg state election, 1970
8. 3 March 1974 Hamburg state election, 1974
9. 4 June 1978 Hamburg state election, 1978
10. 6 June 1982 Hamburg state election, June 1982
11. 19 December 1982 Hamburg state election, December 1982
12. 9 November 1986 Hamburg state election, 1986
13. 17 May 1987 Hamburg state election, 1987
14. 2 June 1991 Hamburg state election, 1991
15. 19 September 1993 Hamburg state election, 1993
16. 21 September 1997 Hamburg state election, 1997
17. 23 September 2001 Hamburg state election, 2001
18. 29 February 2004 Hamburg state election, 2004
19. 24 February 2008 Hamburg state election, 2008
20. 20 February 2011 Hamburg state election, 2011
21. 15 February 2015 Hamburg state election, 2015

Results

For the election of 2009 (2004) to the European Union there were 1,256,701 (2004: 1.227.905) voters, a turnout of 34.7% (34.9), gave 432,633 (421,029) valid and 3,633 (7,834) invalid votes.[5] For the state election 2008 there were 1,236,671 voters, with a tournout of 63.4% for the first vote (63.5% 2nd vote/party vote) gave 3,723,546 votes for the first vote (direct candidate vote) and 777,531 for the 2nd vote (party vote).[6]

Party EU 2009
Votes
EU 2009
Vote %
State 2008
First Vote
State 2008
First Vote %
State 2008
Party vote (2nd vote)
State 2008
Party vote (2nd vote) %
EU 2004
Votes
EU 2004
Vote %
Difference EU 2009 to 2004 in % pts.
CDU 128,443 29.7 1,451,742 39.0 331,067 42,6 154,690 36.7 -7.1
SPD 109,766 25.4 1,214,263 32.6 265,516 34.1 106,325 25.3 0.1
GRÜNE 88,823 20.5 508,118 13.6 74,472 9.6 103,454 24.6 -4.0
FDP 48,225 11.1 222,598 6.0 36,953 4.8 22,991 5.5 5.7
DIE LINKE 29,181 6.7 274,196 7.4 50,132 6.4 11,872 2.8 3.9
Die Tierschutzpartei 2,905 0.7 3,237 0.8 -0.1
REP 1,527 0.4 1,589 0.4 -0.0
FAMILIE 1,493 0.3 1,534 0.4 -0.0
DIE FRAUEN 836 0.2 1,351 0.3 -0.1
Volksabstimmung 720 0.2 1,217 0.3 -0.1
PBC 806 0.2 1,027 0.2 -0.1
DKP 521 0.1 900 0.2 -0.1
ödp 1,054 0,2 2,065 0.1 981 0.1 677 0,2 0,1
AUFBRUCH 271 0.1 395 0.1 -0,0
BüSo 123 0.0 315 0.1 -0.0
PSG 153 0.0 260 0.1 -0.0
CM 268 0.1 255 0.1 0.0
50Plus 763 0.2
AUF 355 0,1
BP 188 0.0
DVU 1,538 0.4 6,354 0.8
DIE GRAUEN 794 0.2 2,399 0.3
DIE VIOLETTEN 672 0.2
EDE 235 0.1
FBI 261 0.1
VOLKSENTSCHEIDE 686 0.2
FW FREIE WÄHLER 2,564 0.6
Newropeans 443 0.1
PIRATEN 5,097 1.2 2,207 0.1 1,773 0.2
RRP 1,545 0.4
RENTNER 2,377 0.5
ZENTRUM 2,574 0.1 646 0.1
Die PARTEI 6,698 0.2 1,958 0.3
Kusch 29,746 0.8 3,519 0.5
Others 7,154 0.2 8,940 2.1

References

  1. ^ Die Geschichte des Hamburger Wahlrechts (in German), Mehr Demokratie e.V., retrieved 2009-07-24
  2. ^ Constitution of Hamburg Verfassung der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg (in German) (11th ed.), 6 June 1952, archived from the original on 10 June 2007, retrieved 22 July 2009
  3. ^ Act of Referendum Hamburgisches Gesetz über Volksinitiative, Volksbegehren und Volksentscheid (Volksabstimmungsgesetz - VAbstG) (in German), 20 June 1996, archived from the original on 27 September 2007, retrieved 2009-07-24
  4. ^ Wahltermine in Hamburg seit 1946 (in German), The Federal Returning Officer (Bundeswahlleiter), 2008, archived from the original on 5 March 2009, retrieved 24 March 2009
  5. ^ Endgültiges Ergebnis der Europawahl 2009 (in German), The Federal Returning Officer (Bundeswahlleiter), 2009, retrieved 2009-07-24
  6. ^ Endgültiges Ergebnis der Bürgerschaftswahl 2008 (PDF) (in German), The Federal Returning Officer (Bundeswahlleiter), 2008, archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2011, retrieved 2009-07-24

External links

  • Gesetz über die Wahl zur hamburgischen Bürgerschaft (BüWG) in der Fassung vom 22. Juli 1986 (in German)


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