Eleazar (High Priest)

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Eleazar was a Jewish High Priest (c. 260–245 BC) during the time of the Second Temple. He was the son of Onias I and brother of Simon I.[1]

Eleazar was the high priest involved in communication with Ptolemy II Philadelphus discussed in the Letter of Aristeas or Pseudo-Aristeas. According to the letter, Eleazar sent seventy two scholars, six from each of the tribes of Israel to the island of Pharos provide the Library of Alexandria with a Greek translation of the Hebrew Law, also called the Septuagint.[2]

He was succeeded by his uncle Manasseh.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Ingrid Hjelm (1 January 2000). The Samaritans and Early Judaism: A Literary Analysis. Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 133–. ISBN 978-1-84127-072-2. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  2. ^ James J. Clauss; Martine Cuypers (17 May 2010). A Companion to Hellenistic Literature. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 419–. ISBN 978-1-4051-3679-2. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  3. ^ H. T. Spence (2010). The Canon of Scripture. Foundations Bible College. pp. 148–. ISBN 978-1-882542-52-9. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
Jewish titles
Preceded by
Simon I
High Priest of Israel
Mid 3rd century BC
Succeeded by
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