Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland

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Eleanor of Austria
Eleanor of Austria.jpg
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
Tenure 27 February 1670 – 10 November 1673
Coronation 29 September 1670
Duchess consort of Lorraine
Tenure 6 February 1678 – 18 April 1690
Born (1653-05-21)21 May 1653
Regensburg
Died 17 December 1697(1697-12-17) (aged 44)
Vienna, Austria
Burial Imperial Crypt
Spouse Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki
(m. 1670–1673); his death
Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
(m. 1678–1690); his death
Issue Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Charles Joseph, Bishop of Olomouc
Full name
Eleonor Maria Josefa
House Habsburg
Father Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Princess Eleanor Gonzaga
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature Eleanor of Austria's signature

Eleanor Maria Josefa of Austria (Polish: Eleonora; 21 May 1653 – 17 December 1697) was Queen of Poland by marriage to king Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki and Duchess of Lorraine by marriage to Charles V, Duke of Lorraine.

Biography

Born in Regensburg, she was the daughter of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Eleanor of Mantua.

Queen of Poland

Eleanor married Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki (known as Michael I), King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, on 27 February 1670 in the Jasna Góra Monastery.[1] They had one stillborn son on 29 November 1670. In 1671, she had a miscarriage. The opposition of Michael spread rumors that Michael forced her to fake pregnancies, but this is not considered likely. Queen Eleanor was regarded as a model of goodness, softness and loyalty toward her spouse. She learned Polish, although she preferred Latin, and accompanied Michael on his official journeys around Poland. She was guided in her role as queen by her lady-in-waiting Klara Izabella Pacowa, who became her influential favorite.

Her husband died on 10 November 1673.[2] She remained in Poland for a couple of years after his death.

Duchess of Lorraine

Eleanor then married Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, on 4 February 1678 in Wiener Neustadt, Austria.[3] The couple resided in Innsbrück in Austria. They were the parents of 6 children. She passed to her heirs the inheritance of the Gonzaga of Mantua.

Eleanor died at the age of 44, having outlived both of her husbands and 2 of her children.

Sarcophagus of Eleanor of Austria, Kapuzinergruft, Vienna, Austria

Issue

Ancestors

See also

References

  1. ^ Davies 1982, p. 398, 471.
  2. ^ Davies 1982, p. 472.
  3. ^ Lipp 2011, p. 82.
  4. ^ a b Eder, Karl (1961), "Ferdinand III.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 5, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 85–86 ; (full text online)
  5. ^ a b "Gonzaga, Eleonora II (1628–1686)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research. 2002. Retrieved 28 August 2018. 
  6. ^ a b Eder, Karl (1961), "Ferdinand II.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 5, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 83–85 ; (full text online)
  7. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria Anna von Bayern" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 7. Wikisource. p. 23. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "GONZAGA: LINEA SOVRANA DI MANTOVA". Enciclopedia genealogica del Mediterraneo (in Italian). Società Genealogica Italiana [Italian Genealogical Society]. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  9. ^ a b "Gonzaga, Maria (1609–1660)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research. 2002. Retrieved 28 August 2018. 
  10. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Karl II. von Steiermark" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 6. Wikisource. p. 352. 
  11. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria von Bayern" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 7. Wikisource. p. 20. 
  12. ^ a b Sigmund Ritter von Riezler (1897), "Wilhelm V. (Herzog von Bayern)", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 42, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 717–723 
  13. ^ a b Cartwright, Julia Mary (1913). Christina of Denmark, Duchess of Milan and Lorraine, 1522-1590. New York: E. P. Dutton. pp. 536–539. 

Sources

  • Davies, Norman (1982). God's Playground:A History of Poland. Vol. I. Columbia University Press. 
  • Lipp, Charles T. (2011). Noble Strategies in an Early Modern Small State: The Mahuet of Lorraine. University of Rochester Press. 
Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland
Born: 31 May 1653 Died: 17 Dec 1697
Royal titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Marie Louise Gonzaga
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania

1670–1673
Vacant
Title next held by
Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien
Vacant
Title last held by
Marie Louise d'Aspremont
Duchess consort of Lorraine
1678–1690
Vacant
Title next held by
Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans

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