Eid prayers

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Eid prayer during Eid al-Fitr at Taipei Grand Mosque, Taiwan
Muslim males can be seen attending Khutbah as part of the Eid-ul-Adha prayers. Photo taken at Barashalghar union of Comilla's Debidwar upazila.

Eid prayers, also known as Salat al-Eid (Arabic: صلاة العيد‎‎) and Salat al-Eidain (Arabic: صلاة العيدين‎‎), is the special prayer offered to commemorate two Islamic festivals. Both the Eids are collectively known as Eidain (عيدين) in the Arabic language. The two Islamic festivals are:

  • Eid al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر‎‎), which is celebrated on the 1st day of Shawwal, the 10th month of the Islamic calendar (the first day after Ramadan).
  • Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎‎), which is celebrated on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic calendar.

Name variations

Region/country Language Main
Arab World Arabic صلاة العيد (Ṣalāh al-'Eid)
Iran Persian نماز عيد
Pakistan, North India Urdu نماز عيد (Eid namaaz)
Turkey, Azerbaijan Turkish, Azeri Bayram namazı
Balkans Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian Bajram-namaz
Bangladesh, East India, North-east India Bengali ঈদের নামাজ (Eider namaz)
Sweden Swedish Eidbön
Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia, Basa Jawa Salat Id
Malaysia Bahasa Melayu Solat Sunat Hari Raya
Iraqi Kurdistan Kurdish Sorani نوێژی جێژن

Importance

Different scholars interpret the importance of this salat (prayer) differently. Salat al-Eid is Wajib (necessary/mandatory) according to Hanafi scholars, Sunnah al-Mu'kkadah according to Maliki and Shaf'i jurisprudence, and Fard according to Hanbali scholars. Some scholars say it is fard al-ayn and some say it is fard al-kifaya.[1]

Timing

The time of Salat al-Eid begins when the sun reaches approximately two meters above the horizon until it reaches its meridian before Dhuhr.[clarification needed] Adhering to the Sunnah, the time for Eid al-Fitr prayer is delayed and Eid al-Adha prayer is hastened, so as to facilitate distribution of Fitrah before the Eid al-Fitr prayer and offer sacrifice after the Eid al-Adha prayer. This has been a proved Sunnah and has been well recorded in Hadith books.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ruling on Eid prayers". Islam Question and Answer. 

2. Description of Eid Prayer.

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