Edwards's fig parrot

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Edwards's fig parrot
Psittaculirostris edwardsii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittaculidae
Subfamily: Loriinae
Tribe: Cyclopsittini
Genus: Psittaculirostris
Species: P. edwardsii
Binomial name
Psittaculirostris edwardsii
(Oustalet, 1885)

The Edwards's fig parrot (Psittaculirostris edwardsii), also known as the scarlet-cheeked fig parrot, is a species of parrot in the family Psittaculidae. It is found in humid lowland forests in north-eastern New Guinea. The adult male is predominantly green with red breast and cheeks, yellow ear coverts and yellowish crown.

Taxonomy

Edwards's fig parrot was first described by French zoologist Émile Oustalet in 1885, and named in honour of French naturalist Alphonse Milne-Edwards.[2] It is one of three species in the genus Psittaculirostris.

Description

A medium-sized parrot with a stocky build and short tail, it measures 18 cm (7.1 in) in length. The adult male has bright green wings, back and tail. The feathers of the cheeks and ear coverts are long and narrow, giving the face a ruffed appearance. The cheek feathers are red and the ear coverts golden-yellow. The throat and breast are red with a dark blue-black band on the upper breast. The bill is a dark grey-black and the eye (iris) red. The feet are dark grey. The adult female is similar but has a wider blue-black band on the otherwise green-yellow breast. Immature birds resemble the female.[3][4]

Calls include a high-pitched screett or zseet,[3] and a short sharp ks, described as "coins dropping on concrete".[4][5]

Distribution and habitat

The Edwards's fig parrot is restricted to northeastern New Guinea, where it is found from Yos Sudarso Bay and Vanimo east to the Huon Gulf. Common within its range, it is found in lowland forests and cleared areas.[3][4]

Behaviour

Birds are found in ones or twos, although groups of up to 35 individuals may gather at fruit trees.[4] Their predominantly green plumage makes them hard to spot against foliage. They have been recorded feeding with double-eyed fig parrots, fruit pigeons (Ptilinopus), honeyeaters and starlings.[3] They consume fruit including figs. Nesting takes place in small hollows high up in large trees, although little is known about this aspect of their behaviour.[3]

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Psittaculirostris edwardsii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael (2003). Whose Bird? Men and Women Commemorated in the Common Names of Birds. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 235–236. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Forshaw, Joseph M. & Cooper, William T. (1978). Parrots of the World (2nd ed.). Melbourne: Landsdowne Editions. p. 166. ISBN 0-7018-0690-7. 
  4. ^ a b c d Coates, Brian J. (1985). The Birds of Papua New Guinea. Volume 1:Non-passerines. Alderley, Qld: Dove. pp. 329–30. ISBN 0-9590257-0-7. 
  5. ^ Diamond JM (1972). "Avifauna of the Eastern Highlands of New Guinea". Pulbs. Nuttal Orn. Club. 12: 1–438. 
  • Gill, F., Wright, M. & Donsker, D. (2008). IOC World Bird Names (version 1.7). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/

External links

  • World Parrot Trust Parrot Encyclopedia - Species Profiles
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