Edward Chauncey Luard

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Edward Chauncey Luard
Born 1856
Died 22 September 1900 (aged 43–44)
Strathleven, Dumbarton, Scotland
Residence Demerara, British Guiana (now Guyana)
Nationality British
Occupation Planter
Known for
  • Campaign for a ballot to be added to British Guiana's constitution
  • Collection of early British Guiana stamps
Spouse(s) Lucy Amelia (Mamie) Winter
Parent(s) William Charles Luard and Clara Julia Jane

Edward Chauncey Luard (1856 — 22 September 1900) was a British planter in Demerara, British Guiana (now Guyana). He was influential among the planter community in British Guiana and was a member of the Court of Policy for East Demerara. He led the campaign to introduce a ballot into the colony's constitution in 1895.

A noted philatelist, Luard's collection of the stamps of British Guiana included examples of the "cottonreel" issues, some of which are now part of the Royal Philatelic Collection.

Early life and family

Edward Luard was the eldest son of William Charles Luard of Llandaff, South Wales, and Clara Julia Jane. He was christened in 1856 at Saint John, Cardiff.[1][2]

In 1886 he married Lucy Amelia (Mamie) Winter, daughter of Nathaniel Winter, of Blenheim Plantation, Leguan.[2]

Career

Plantation Peter's Hall (marked B, bottom left) on a map of St. Mathew's Parish, Demerara River east bank, 1832.[3] (map incorrectly orientated)

Luard arrived in British Guiana as a young man, working first at Plantation Peter's Hall, a sugar plantation on the east bank of the Demerara River. In 1882 he was one of the authors of The Overseer's Manual; or, a Guide to the Canefield and the Sugar Factory. Later, he was the owner (or part owner) of La Bonne Intention plantation on the Atlantic coast of Demerara.[4] He was elected a non-resident fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute in 1886.[5]

He became influential among the planter community in British Guiana and was active in the colony's politics as a member of the Court of Policy for East Demerara. With the support of The Argosy he led the campaign to introduce a ballot into the colony's constitution in 1895.[4]

Philately

The 1850 British Guiana 2c pink cottonreel stamps on cover, formerly in the Luard collection, now in the Royal Philatelic Collection.[6]

Luard was a philatelist[7] whose collection of British Guiana stamps was sold to Pemberton, Wilson & Co. in 1890 and then to Philipp von Ferrary. It included a pair of the 2c rose "cottonreel" stamps of 1851 on cover that was later purchased by King George V and is now part of the Royal Philatelic Collection.[6]

In the early 1890s Luard was in London, resident in Hampstead,[8] and became a member of The Philatelic Society, London (later the Royal Philatelic Society London), attending their meetings and subsequently entering into correspondence with Edward Denny Bacon about the history of the stamps of the colony after he returned to British Guiana.[9]

In 1896, Luard wrote to The London Philatelist from Demerara that he had bought another pair of the 2c pink cottonreels on cover from the Rector of Christ Church, Georgetown, to whom they had been donated by a Miss Rose, an elderly lady parishioner. The cover was addressed to "Miss Rose, Blankenberg". Luard commented that she had since been "besieged" by stamp collectors seeking old stamps of the colony for which there were standing offers to buy in the advertisements of the local newspapers. Unfortunately she had no more. Luard paid $1,005 (£209) but then sold the cover to Messrs. Stanley Gibbons for £500. The rector offered the impoverished Miss Rose a share of the sale price but she refused to accept anything, saying that she was pleased at last to be "able to give something worth while" to her church.[10][11]

Death and legacy

Luard died on 22 September 1900 at Strathleven, Dumbarton, in Scotland. He left an estate of £12,171. Probate was granted to his wife Lucy and to Robert Gowan Duncan.[12]

In 2012, he and his relatives and friends were the subject of a collection of letters published in book form and edited by Johanna Merz titled Love in a Distant Land: The Story of Edward Chauncy Luard his Forebears, Friends and Family. A Collection of Letters.[13]

Selected publications

  • The Overseer's Manual; or, a Guide to the Canefield and the Sugar Factory. Demerara, 1882. (With F. C. Thorpe et al) (3rd 1887)

See also

References

  1. ^ Edward Chauncey Luard Wales Births and Baptisms, 1541–1907. Family Search. Retrieved 24 February 2019. (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b The Argosy (Demerara), 4 September 1886, p. 4.
  3. ^ St. Mathew's Parish, being the east bank of Demerara River as far as settlements extend. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b "The Negro and his Descendants in British Guiana, Part II" by A. A. Thorne, pp. 505–509 (p. 507) in Nancy Cunard (1934) (Ed.) Negro Anthology: 1931–1933. London: Nancy Cunard at Wishart & Co.
  5. ^ Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institute, Vol. XXI (1889–90), p. 455.
  6. ^ a b Courtney, Nicholas. (2004) The Queen's Stamps: The Authorised History of the Royal Philatelic Collection. London: Methuen. pp. 233–234.
  7. ^ "The British Guiana". Sotheby's. 17 June 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  8. ^ London Electoral Registers, 1847–1913. Family Search. Retrieved 25 February 2019. (subscription required)
  9. ^ "Notes on British Guiana", Edward Denny Bacon, The London Philatelist, Vol. 2, October 1893, pp. 180–182.
  10. ^ "The British Guiana 2c. Rose of 1851" by M. P. Castle, The London Philatelist, Vol. 5, No. 53 (May 1896), p. 149.
  11. ^ "British Guiana, 2c., Rose, 1851", The London Philatelist, Vol. 16, No. 182 (February 1907), pp. 40–41.
  12. ^ 1900 Probate Calendar, p. 179.
  13. ^ Merz, Johanna. (2012) Love in a Distant Land: The Story of Edward Chauncy Luard his Forebears, Friends and Family. A Collection of Letters 1825–1946. ISBN 978-0957257900

External links

Media related to Stamps of British Guiana at Wikimedia Commons

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