Eduardo Cunha

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Eduardo Cunha
Eduardo Cunha em 1º de junho de 2015.jpg
President of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
1 February 2015 – 7 July 2016[a]
Preceded by Henrique Eduardo Alves
Succeeded by Waldir Maranhão (Acting)
Federal Deputy for Rio de Janeiro
In office
1 February 2003 – 12 September 2016[b]
Personal details
Born Eduardo Cosentino da Cunha
(1958-09-29) 29 September 1958 (age 59)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Political party PP (1994–2003)
PMDB (2003–present)
Spouse(s) Cristina Bastos Dytz (Divorced)
Cláudia Cruz
Children 4
Alma mater Cândido Mendes University

Eduardo Cosentino da Cunha (born 29 September 1958), is a Brazilian politician and radio host, born in Rio de Janeiro. He was President of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil from 2015 to 2016, when he resigned the position. BBC News labeled him the "nemesis" of Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff.[1] He was indicted in the scandal known as Operation Car Wash (Portuguese: Operação Lava Jato) involving the state-owned oil company Petrobras.[2] Cunha was suspended as speaker of the lower house by Brazil's Supreme Court on 5 May 2016 due to allegations that he had attempted to intimidate members of Congress and obstructed investigations into his alleged bribe-taking.[3][4][5] The Chamber of Deputies voted 450-10 on 12 September 2016 to strip Cunha of his position as federal deputy for breaching parliamentary decorum by lying about secret offshore bank accounts.[6]

On 19 October 2016, Cunha was arrested by the Brazilian Federal Police,[7] accused of hiding approximately US$40 million worth of bribes in secret bank accounts[8] and on trying to tamper with investigations against him.[9]

Personal life

Born in Rio de Janeiro on 29 September 1958, Eduardo Cunha is the son of Elcy Teixeira da Cunha and Elza Cosentino. As his mother descended from Italian immigrants from the town of Castelluccio Inferiore in the region of Basilicata, he also holds Italian citizenship.[10] When he was 14 years old, he began working part-time as an insurance broker. Later, he worked as an auditor at the firm Arthur Andersen, from 1978 to 1980. He majored in economics at the Universidade Candido Mendes, and served as an economist at Xerox of Brazil, between 1980 and 1982.[11]

Cunha has four children. He is currently married to journalist Cláudia Cruz.

Political views

Eduardo Cunha is a conservative Evangelical Christian. He seeks to ban abortion, increase marijuana penalties, and further restrict homosexual activity. As an evangelist, Cunha has proposed legislation titled The Law of Heterophobia (in response to the Law of Homophobia). The law demands a prison sentence of one to three years for anyone who forbids entry to a heterosexual to any public or private property, levies special rates at hotels or restricts the public display of affection.[12]

Political career

Elections with PDS and PMDB

His first contact with politics was working on the campaigns of Eliseu Resende, a candidate for state government[clarification needed] with the Social Democratic Party (PDS) in the 1982 election, and Moreira Franco, a PMDB candidate for Rio de Janeiro government[clarification needed], in the 1986 election.[11] When Anthony Garotinho was elected Governor of Rio de Janeiro in 1999, he appointed Francisco Silva as Secretary of Housing with Cunha as his deputy. However, Cunha was in office for just over six months, where he was forced to resign due to allegations of irregularities in no-bid contracts and favoring shell companies.[13] Then in 2001, the State Audit Court confirmed that there were indeed various irregularities in the bids of these shell companies, including the adulteration of the clearance certificate from state taxes.[13]

State Representative (2001-2002)

With Garotinho's support, in 2001 Cunha assumed a vacant state representative's seat in ALERJ (pt), the state assembly of Rio de Janeiro, which guaranteed him immunity against the public prosecutor's investigations. He was then elected with 101,495 votes in the follow-up campaign.[14]

Federal Representative (2003-2016)

Cunha holds a joint press conference with the President of the Federal Senate, Renan Calheiros, and other Congress members, 21 May 2015.

Cunha joined the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies on 1 February 2003, representing Rio de Janeiro. He was elected in the 2006 elections to the House with 130,773 votes. He was re-elected in 2010 through the PMDB with 150,616 votes.[14] To the TSE (Brazilian Election Commission), Cunha reported receiving R$4.76 million in donations for the 2010 campaign, of which R$500,000 came from the construction company Camargo Corrêa.[15]

In 2013, Cunha was elected leader of the PMDB in the House. The following year, a criminal he filed a complaint with the Supreme Federal Court against now-Congressman Garotinho (PR-RJ) for libel and defamation. On his blog Garotinho had referred to Cunha as a "deputy lobbyist".[citation needed] House aides and lobbyists with access to PMDB parliamentarians reported that Eduardo Cunha recorded on an agenda[clarification needed] a list of companies - mainly linked to energy, telecommunications and construction - who benefited from parliamentary action. Still, later that year, he was re-elected for another term, obtaining 232,708 votes (the third most votes received in the State of Rio de Janeiro).[14]

Cunha was indicted in Operation Car Wash (Operação Lava Jato), the scandal involving state-owned oil company Petrobras. Prosecutors say that he "took as much as US$40 million in bribes for himself and his allies, plundering Petrobras, the government-controlled oil company, while laundering money through an evangelical megachurch."[2] For these charges, prosecutors requested "a potential sentence of 184 years in prison if the Supreme Court puts him on trial and convicts him."[2] During this period, Cunha led the movement to impeach President Dilma Rousseff on charges relating to manipulating figures reported in government accounts. He was suspended from duty as speaker of the lower house by Brazil's supreme court on 5 May 2016, because of allegations of attempting to intimidate members of congress, and obstructing the ongoing Car Wash investigation into his alleged bribe-taking.[3][4] In September 2016 the lower house voted with a large majority to strip Cunha of his seat in the lower house and to ban him from politics for eight years.[16]

Arrest, Sentencing, and Pending Litigation (2016-Present)

Cunha was arrested on 19 October 2016 in Brasília and sent to the Complexo Médico Penal de Pinhais, a prison in the Curitiba metropolitan area, to await trial.[17] Ordering preventive detention, federal judge Sérgio Moro cited risks to "public order, as well as a concrete possibility of flight given his access to hidden resources abroad", and also his dual nationality.[18] On 30 March 2017, he found him guilty of corruption, tax evasion, and money laundering related to the Car Wash scheme, and sentenced him to 15 years and 4 months in prison.[19] A federal court decided 18 July 2017 that Cunha should remain in jail in connection with separate bribery charges related to Fund for the Guarantee of the Time of Service (FI-FGTS), linked to Caixa Econômica Federal Federal.[20]

Cunha has two additional criminal charges. One pertains to his alleged involvement in Operation Sépis[clarification needed] and the other, to accusations he received $5 million in bribes from ship construction contracts at Petrobrás. In addition, Cunha is the respondent in civil proceedings over alleged "illicit advantages" he gave favored contractors in Petrobrás contract bidding.[21] Cunha had previously faced charges of living rent-free in an apartment owned by a money-dealer, embezzlement and laundering money through his megachurch.[22] In May 2017, according to recordings obtained by O Globo, Brazilian President Michel Temer instructed Joesley Batista of the meatpacking conglomerate JBS to continue making payoffs to Cunha.[23] Batista allegedly recorded the conversation as part of a plea bargain.[24][25] As of July 2017, the Brazilian justice system still had not identified the owners of eleven offshore accounts that together received $4 million US from José Henriques in connection with the purchase of an oilfield in Benin. Henrique made payments to a total of 15 accounts, including Cunha's Orion SP.[26]

Cunha had previously been accused by Marcio Faria da Silva, a former vice president of Odebrecht, in testimony he proffered for a plea bargain in his own criminal case, of negotiating a $40 million US campaign donation to the PMDB. He denies doing this.[27] The PMDB government of Rio de Janeiro, described as "ideologically malleable", reportedly demanded enormous kickbacks, roughly 5% of the total cost of the construction projects that were part of the Olympics, and the work performed for the inflated costs involved was notoriously shabby.[28]

See also

References

  1. ^ Davies, Wyre (17 August 2015). "Rousseff's woes worsen as Brazil's protesters smell blood". BBC News. 
  2. ^ a b c Romero, Simon (21 August 2015). "Expanding Web of Scandal in Brazil Threatens Further Upheaval". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Falcão, Márcio (5 May 2016). "Teori afasta Eduardo Cunha do mandato na Câmara". Folha de S.Paulo. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Watts, Jonathan (5 May 2016). "Speaker of Brazil's lower house Eduardo Cunha suspended". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  5. ^ De Carvalho, Jailton; Bresciani, Eduardo (23 October 2016). "Cunha explicou suposta venda de casa para traficante". O Globo. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  6. ^ Romero, Simon (13 September 2016). "Brazil's Congress Expels Lawmaker Who Led Ouster of President". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "Brazil's former House speaker Eduardo Cunha arrested in corruption investigation". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  8. ^ "Brazil arrests top lawmaker behind impeachment of former president Rousseff: Police". The Straits Times. AFP. Retrieved 22 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "In 3 months, Brazil loses President and both congressional leaders". plus55. 6 December 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  10. ^ "PF apreende cópia de 'passaporte italiano' de Eduardo Cunha". Veja. Grupo Abril. 16 December 2015. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Biography of Representatives". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2017. 
  12. ^ Salvador, Susana (9 April 2010). "The Defender of Heterosexuals". DN Gente. 
  13. ^ a b "Garotinho afasta presidente da Cehab". Folha de S.Paulo. Folha de S.Paulo. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c "Election Results". Federal Election Commission. 
  15. ^ "Campaign Financial Disclosures". Federal Election Commission. 
  16. ^ "Brazil's former speaker Cunha banned from politics for eight years over Swiss accounts". Deutsche Welle. 13 September 2016. 
  17. ^ Dionísio, Bibiana (19 October 2016). "Eduardo Cunha é preso em Brasília por decisão de Sérgio Moro". G1. Grupo Globo. 
  18. ^ "Brazil: Eduardo Cunha arrested over alleged corruption". Al Jazeera English. 19 October 2016. 
  19. ^ "Lava Jato: Eduardo Cunha pega 15 anos de prisão". R7.com. Grupo Record. 30 March 2017. 
  20. ^ "Eduardo Cunha permanecerá preso, decide Justiça Federal" [Eduardo Cunha will remain in prison, decides Federal Court]. Último Segundo. Internet Group. 18 July 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  21. ^ Fonseca, Alana (30 March 2017). "Eduardo Cunha é condenado a 15 anos de reclusão por três crimes na Lava Jato". G1. Grupo Globo. 
  22. ^ Romero, Simon (21 August 2015). "Expanding Web of Scandal in Brazil Threatens Further Upheaval". The New York Times. 
  23. ^ Dom Phillips (17 May 2017). "Brazil President Endorsed Businessman's Bribes in Secret Tape, Newspaper Says". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  24. ^ "Brazil president taped discussing payments to potential witness -sources". Reuters. 17 May 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  25. ^ Lisandra Paraguassu; Ricardo Brito (17 May 2017). "Brazil president taped discussing pay-off for witness in graft probe: O Globo". Reuters. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  26. ^ Thiago Herdy (24 July 2017). "Dez meses após prender Cunha, Lava-Jato ainda não identificou destino de propina por contrato no Benin: Mistério envolve 11 contas de offshores que receberam R$ 13,2 milhões" [Ten months after arresting Cunha, Car Wash still has not identified funds destination in Benin: Mystery involves 11 offshore accounts that received R $ 13.2 million]. O Globo. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  27. ^ Lisandra Paraguassu; Pedro Fonseca (April 30, 2017). "Brazil's Temer calls $40 million Odebrecht bribe accusation 'a lie'". Reauters. 
  28. ^ Simon Romero (May 22, 2016). "Entrusted to Save Brazil: The Party That Ruined Rio". New York Times. Retrieved July 26, 2017. 

Notes

  1. ^ Suspended from 5 May 2016 until 7 July 2016.
  2. ^ Suspended from 5 May 2016 until removal from office by the Chamber of Deputies on 12 September 2016.

External links

  • Information in Portuguese from the Brazilian congress.
Political offices
Preceded by
Henrique Eduardo Alves
President of the Chamber of Deputies
2015–2016
Succeeded by
Waldir Maranhão
(Acting)
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