Edendale, KwaZulu-Natal

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Edendale
Edendale is located in KwaZulu-Natal
Edendale
Edendale
Edendale is located in South Africa
Edendale
Edendale
Edendale is located in Africa
Edendale
Edendale
 Edendale shown within KwaZulu-Natal
Coordinates: 29°40′16″S 30°15′43″E / 29.671°S 30.262°E / -29.671; 30.262Coordinates: 29°40′16″S 30°15′43″E / 29.671°S 30.262°E / -29.671; 30.262
Country South Africa
Province KwaZulu-Natal
District UMgungundlovu
Municipality Msunduzi
Established 1851
Area[1]
 • Total 47.97 km2 (18.52 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 140,891
 • Density 2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 99.5%
 • Coloured 0.3%
 • Indian/Asian 0.1%
 • White 0.1%
 • Other 0.1%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Zulu 91.0%
 • Sotho 2.6%
 • English 1.7%
 • Xhosa 1.5%
 • Other 3.2%
Postal code (street) 3201
PO box 3217

Edendale is a town in Umgungundlovu District Municipality in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa.

Edendale was established in 1851, when 100 black Christian families settled on the farm Welverdiend, about 10 km from Durban, and renamed it to its present name. The village was laid out under the guidance of James Allison, who had broken with the Wesleyan Missionary Society in 1851.[2]

Unlike most black urban areas, Edendale was developed under private land ownership from the beginning, a concept that was new to Africans in Natal. This Christian community abandoned traditional beliefs and practices, moving away from polygamy and introducing men to cultivation, previously the realm of women.[2]

Edendale retained its primarily Christian character into the 1920s, but by the 1940s people from rural areas began to pour in, leading to overcrowding and unsanitary conditions.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Edendale". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Edendale, 1851-1930: farmers to townspeople, market to labour reserve". PMB Local History. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 

Bibliography

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