Eden Gardens

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Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens under floodlights during a match.jpg
Ground information
Location Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Coordinates 22°33′52″N 88°20′36″E / 22.56444°N 88.34333°E / 22.56444; 88.34333Coordinates: 22°33′52″N 88°20′36″E / 22.56444°N 88.34333°E / 22.56444; 88.34333
Establishment 1864
Capacity 68,000
Owner Indian Army[1]
Operator Cricket Association of Bengal
Tenants India national cricket team
Bengal cricket team
Kolkata Knight Riders
End names
High Court End
Pavilion End
International information
First Test 5–8 January 1934:
 India v  England
Last Test 16–20 November 2017:
 India v  Sri Lanka
First ODI 18 February 1987:
 India v  Pakistan
Last ODI 21 September 2017:
 India v  Australia
First T20I 29 October 2011:
 India v  England
Last T20I 3 April 2016:
 England v  West Indies
Team information
Bengal cricket team (1908–present)
Kolkata Knight Riders (2008–present)
As of 16 November 2017
Source: ESPNcricinfo
Eden Gardens is located in Kolkata
Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens (Kolkata)

Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India established in 1864. It is the home venue of the Bengal cricket team and the IPL franchise cricket team Kolkata Knight Riders, and is also a venue for Test, ODI and T20I matches of the India national cricket team.The stadium currently has a capacity of 68,000 [2] The Stadium is Currently the Largest Cricket Stadium in India By Capacity but it will soon be the Second Largest Stadium After The Redevelopment of Sardar Patel Stadium in Ahmedabad which Would have the Capacity of 110,000 and Will Become Largest Cricket Stadium in the world Surpassing Melbourne Cricket Ground which Holds the Capacity of 100,024.

Eden Gardens is often regarded informally as India's home of cricket. The ground has been referred to as "cricket's answer to the Colosseum," and is widely acknowledged to be one of the most iconic cricket stadiums in the world.[3] Eden Gardens has hosted matches in major international competitions including the World Cup, World Twenty20 and Asia Cup. In 1987, Eden Gardens became the second stadium to host a World Cup final. The 2016 ICC World Twenty20 final was held at the Eden Gardens where the West Indies beat England in closely fought encounter.

Eden Gardens has also occasionally been used for Association football matches. Through 2017, it has hosted the highest number of International matches in India - 82 that includes 40 Test matches, 31 ODIs and 6 T20Is, 4 Women ODIs and 1 Women T20I.

Stadium History

The stadium was established in 1864. The stadium gets its name from the Eden Gardens, one of the oldest parks in Kolkata, adjacent to the stadium, designed in 1841 and named after the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, the then Governor-General of India.[4] Initially it was named 'Auckland Circus Gardens’ but later changed to 'Eden Gardens' by its makers inspired by Garden of Eden in the Bible.[5] The cricket grounds were built between Babughat and Fort William.[6] The stadium is in the B. B. D. Bagh area of the city, near the State Secretariat and opposite to the Calcutta High Court.

The first recorded Test at the venue was held in 1934 between England and India,[7] its first One Day International in 1987 between India and Pakistan[8] and its first T20 international in 2011 between India and England.[9] The Hero Cup semi final featuring India and South Africa was the first Day/Night match.[10]

Panoramic View of the Eden Gardens Stadium during IPL 2008. Note that it was pre-renovation and had benches rather than individual seats. In this configuration, the stadium could seat over 94,000 fans on game day

Stadium

Eden Gardens front facade

The Stadium is the headquarters of the Cricket Association of Bengal. Apart from International matches, the stadium hosts matches for domestic Indian cricket and is the home venue for Kolkata Knight Riders. The stadium's Club House is named after former Chief Minister of West Bengal Dr. B. C. Roy.

1987 Renovation

Before the 1987 World Cup, the stadium had a capacity of 40,000. It was expanded to 94,000.[11] Renovations included changes to press box, club house and television infrastructure. 42 columns provided the support for large roofs and multi-tiered covered stands. Even after the renovation, not all seats were covered and many sections lacked individual seats.

However, match day attendance of more than 100,000 spectators [12] have been recorded on at least 6 occasions.

2011 Renovation

The ground before Cricket World Cup 2011 renovation
Eden Gardens after renovations.

Eden Gardens underwent renovation for the 2011 Cricket World Cup.[13] Renovation had been undertaken to meet the standards set by the International Cricket Council (ICC) for the 2011 World Cup. The Cricket Association of Bengal retained the team of Burt Hill and VMS to renovate the Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium. The plans for the renovated stadium included a new clubhouse and players' facilities, upgrades of the exterior walls to give the stadium a new look, cladding the existing roof structure with a new metal skin, new/upgraded patron amenities & signage and general infrastructure improvements. The upgrade also meant reduction of the seating capacity to about 90,000 from around 120,000 before the upgrade.

Due to unsafe conditions arising from the incomplete renovations, the ICC withdrew the India vs. England match from the Eden Gardens. This match, scheduled on 27 February 2011,[14] was played in Bengaluru at M.Chinnaswamy Stadium.

The stadium hosted the remaining three scheduled World Cup 2011 Matches on 15, 18 and 20 March 2011. In the last of these three matches (Kenya vs Zimbabwe), the stadium had the minimal ticket-purchasing crowd in its recorded history with 15 spectators having bought tickets.[15]

Stands

Eden Gardens stands have been named after prominent local cricketers and soldiers. On January 22, 2017, 2 stands were named after Indian cricketers - Sourav Ganguly and Pankaj Roy while 2 more were after cricket administrators - BN Dutt (BCCI President 1988-1990) and Jagmohan Dalmiya (BCCI President 2001-04, 2013 - interim, 2015).[16] Dalmiya served as ICC President from 1997 to 2000.

On 27 April 2017, 4 stands were named after Indian soldiers[17] - Colonel Neelakantan Jayachandran Nair, Havildar Hangpan Dada, Lieutenant Colonel Dhan Singh Thapa and Subedar Joginder Singh Sahnan. LC Thapa and Subedar Singh are Param Vir Chakra awardees - the highest wartime military military decoration in India while Col Nair and Havildar Dada are Ashok Chakra - the highest peace time military decoration.

Experience

Massive crowd during KKR Vs RCB 2017 IPL match.

Eden Gardens is renowned for its large and vociferous crowds.[18][19] Former Aussie captain Steve Waugh considers the Eden Gardens as 'Lord's of the subcontinent'.[20] Dileep Vengsarkar called Eden Gardens as the second best after Lords.[19] Former Indian Captain and Kolkata Native Sourav Ganguly confessed once in an interview that the roar of crowd at the stadium he heard when India defeated Australia in the Second Test of 2000–01 Border–Gavaskar Trophy was the most loud he had ever heard.

The Bell at the Eden Gardens

In 2016, a bell was added to the stadium to ring in the start of day's play for test cricket and start of match for ODI & T20I matches. Kapil Dev was the first person to ring the bell to start the test match between India and New Zealand in September 2016.[21]

Cricket World Cup matches

Eden Gardens has hosted 15 Cricket World Cup matches hosted in India across formats and men's and women's cricket. Eden Gardens has hosted 6 Cricket World Cup matches in 1987 (2), 1996 (1), 2011 (3). The stadium hosted 5 T20I matches during 2016 ICC World Twenty20. The stadium hosted 2 Women's Cricket World Cup matches - one each in 1978 and 1997 and one Women T20I match during the 2016 ICC Women's World Twenty20 tournament.

Due to Eden Garden's iconic status, it has hosted 4 finals (1987 ODI CWC, 2016 T20I, 1997 Women's CWC and 2016 Women's T20I) and 1 semifinal (1996 ODI CWC).

1987 ICC Cricket World Cup

23 October 1987
Scorecard
Zimbabwe 
228/5 (50 overs)
v
 New Zealand
229/6 (47.4 overs)
 New Zealand won by 4 wickets

8 November 1987
Scorecard
Australia 
253/5 (50 overs)
v
 England
246/8 (50 overs)
 Australia won by 7 runs

1996 ICC Cricket World Cup

13 March 1996
Scorecard
Sri Lanka 
251/8 (50 overs)
v
 India
120/8 (34.1 overs)
 Sri Lanka won by default
  • The match was awarded to Sri Lanka by match referee Clive Lloyd when play could not continue due to the rioting crowd.

2011 ICC Cricket World Cup

Eden Gardens was meant to host a Group B Match between India and England on 27 February 2011. The ICC, however, stripped the stadium of the match after deciding that the renovation of the grounds would not be completed in time.


15 March 2011
Scorecard
South Africa 
272/7 (50 overs)
v
 Ireland
141 (33.2 overs)
 South Africa won by 131 runs

18 March 2011
Scorecard
Netherlands 
306 (50 overs)
v
 Ireland
307/4 (47.4 overs)
 Ireland won by 6 wickets

20 March 2011
Scorecard
Zimbabwe 
308/6 (50 overs)
v
 Kenya
147 (36 overs)
 Zimbabwe won by 161 runs

2016 ICC World Twenty20


17 March
19:30 (D/N)
Scorecard
Afghanistan 
153/7 (20 overs)
v
 Sri Lanka
155/4 (18.5 overs)
Asghar Stanikzai 62 (47)
Thisara Perera 3/33 (4 overs)
Tillakaratne Dilshan 83* (56)
Mohammad Nabi 1/25 (4 overs)
 Sri Lanka won by 6 wickets
Umpires: Bruce Oxenford (Aus) and Joel Wilson (WI)
Player of the match: Tillakaratne Dilshan (SL)
  • Afghanistan won the toss and elected to bat.

16 March
15:00 (D/N)
Scorecard
Pakistan 
201/5 (20 overs)
v
 Bangladesh
146/6 (20 overs)
Mohammad Hafeez 64 (42)
Taskin Ahmed 2/32 (4 overs)
Shakib Al Hasan 50* (40)
Shahid Afridi 2/27 (4 overs)
 Pakistan won by 55 runs
Umpires: Ian Gould (Eng) and Richard Kettleborough (Eng)
Player of the match: Shahid Afridi (Pak)
  • Pakistan won the toss and elected to bat.
  • Shakib Al Hasan became the second player for Bangladesh to pass 1,000 runs in T20Is.[22]
  • Shakib Al Hasan also became the second all-rounder to score 1,000 runs and take 50 wickets in T20Is.[22]

19 March
19:30 (D/N)
Scorecard
Pakistan 
118/5 (18 overs)
v
 India
119/4 (15.5 overs)
Shoaib Malik 26 (16)
Suresh Raina 1/4 (1 over)
Virat Kohli 55* (37)
Mohammad Sami 2/17 (2 overs)
 India won by 6 wickets
Umpires: Ian Gould (Eng) and Richard Kettleborough (Eng)
Player of the match: Virat Kohli (Ind)
  • India won the toss and elected to field.
  • The start of the match was delayed by a wet outfield and the game was reduced to 18 overs per side.
  • This was India's eleventh victory against Pakistan in ICC World Cup matches across both ODI and T20I formats.[23]
  • Ahmed Shehzad became the fifth player for Pakistan to pass 1,000 runs in T20Is.[24]

26 March
15:00 (D/N)
Scorecard
New Zealand 
145/8 (20 overs)
v
 Bangladesh
70 (15.4 overs)
Kane Williamson 42 (32)
Mustafizur Rahman 5/22 (4 overs)
Shuvagata Hom 16* (17)
Grant Elliott 3/12 (4 overs)
 New Zealand won by 75 runs
Umpires: Johan Cloete (SA) and Michael Gough (Eng)
Player of the match: Kane Williamson (NZ)

3 April
19:00 (D/N)
Scorecard
England 
155/9 (20 overs)
v
 West Indies
161/6 (19.4 overs)
Joe Root 54 (36)
Carlos Brathwaite 3/23 (4 overs)
Marlon Samuels 85* (66)
David Willey 3/20 (4 overs)
 West Indies won by 4 wickets
Umpires: Kumar Dharmasena (SL) and Rod Tucker (Aus)
Player of the match: Marlon Samuels (WI)
  • West Indies won the toss and elected to field.
  • Marlon Samuels (WI) scored the highest total in a World T20 final.[28]
  • West Indies became the first team to win both the men's and women's World Twenty20s on the same day, with the women defeating Australia by 8 wickets.
Eden Gardens under floodlights during 2016 ICC World Twenty20 Final.

1978 ICC Women's Cricket World Cup


1 January 1978
(scorecard)
India 
63 (39.3 overs)
v
 England
65/1 (30.2 overs)
 England won by 9 wickets

1997 ICC Women's Cricket World Cup


29 December 1997
Scorecard
New Zealand 
164 (49.3 overs)
v
 Australia
165/5 (47.4 overs)
 Australia won by 5 wickets

2016 ICC Women's World Twenty20

3 April
14:30
Scorecard
Australia 
148/5 (20 overs)
v
 West Indies
149/2 (19.3 overs)
Elyse Villani 52 (37)
Deandra Dottin 2/33 (4 overs)
Hayley Matthews 66 (45)
Kristen Beams 1/27 (4 overs)
 West Indies won by 8 wickets
Umpires: Aleem Dar (Pak) and Richard Illingworth (Eng)
Player of the match: Hayley Matthews (WI)
  • Australia won the toss and elected to bat.

Notable events

Pelé playing for New York Cosmos against Mohun Bagan at Eden Gardens in 1977
Eden Gardens Manual Scoreboard
Eden Gardens Block Map
  • In 1946, an in-form Mushtaq Ali was dropped from the Indian team selected to play an unofficial test against Australian Services XI. Following crowd protests (with slogans like "No Mushtaq, No Test"), the selectors brought him back to play.[29]
  • Rioting occurred at the ground during the 1966/67 West Indies and 1969/70 Australian tours.[12]
  • In 1977, New York Cosmos played a Football match against Mohun Bagan at the stadium. Pelé played in that match for the Cosmos. The match was drawn at 2-2.
  • 16 football fans died in a stampede after a derby league game between East Bengal and Mohun Bagan on 16 August 1980.
  • Hosted the memorable World Cup final of 1987 which ended with Australia defeating England by 7 runs.
  • The 1996 World Cup semi-final was called off and Sri Lanka awarded the match after crowd disturbances following an Indian batting collapse.[12]
  • During the 2nd final of the 1997 Pepsi Independence Cup, the Test and ODI captains of the Indian cricket team of all time (with a few notable exceptions) were given a lap of honour around the stadium.
  • In 1999, leading Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar was run out after colliding with Pakistan's Shoaib Akhtar. Akhtar had impeded Tendulkar and the crowd rioted, forcing the police to evict the spectators. The match continued in front of an empty stadium.
  • Kapil Dev took an ODI hat-trick against the Sri Lankans in 1991 at the ground.
  • Harbhajan Singh took a hat-trick against Australia in 2000/01 at the ground. He became the first Indian to take a hat-trick in Test cricket.
  • In 2000/01, V.V.S. Laxman scored 281 against Australia in the Second Test, 2000–01 Border–Gavaskar Trophy. This remains the highest score at the ground. He was involved in a memorable 376 runs partnership with Rahul Dravid who scored 180. They batted through the whole Day 4 of the test match without losing their wickets. Australia were defeated despite enforcing India to follow-on. It was only the third time in Test history that a team had won after being forced to follow on.[30] It is widely considered to be one of the greatest Test matches in cricket history.[31]
  • In 2005, in an ODI against South Africa, Eden Gardens crowd booed the Indian team and Greg Chappell because of Sourav Ganguly's dropping from the team. Chappell allegedly showed middle finger to the crowd.
  • Eden Gardens hosted the historic 199th (penultimate) Test match of Sachin Tendulkar's career against West Indies from 6-10 Nov 2013. India defeated West Indies by an innings and 51 runs in 3 days.
  • On its 150th anniversary, on 13 November 2014, Eden Gardens witnessed the highest ever score by a batsman in One Day Internationals, a 264 off 173 balls scored by Rohit Sharma during the 4th One Day International of Sri Lanka vs India at the venue.
  • On 3 April 2016, in this venue, within a span of hours, the finals of the ICC world cup Twenty20 tournaments for the women and for the men were won by the respective women's and men's teams of the West Indies.
  • The stadium hosted the 200th and 250th home tests for India in 2005 and 2016 respectively.
  • On January 22, 2017, Ravindra Jadeja became the first Indian left arm spinner to take 150 One Day International wickets, when he dismissed Sam Billings.
  • On September 21, 2017, Kuldeep Yadav became the third bowler for India to take a hat-trick in an ODI after Chetan Sharma and Kapil Dev. When he took a hatrick against Australia.

Records

Eden Gardens Records
Category Test Matches ODI Matches T20I Matches
Highest Inning Score 657/d -  India vs Australia (2001)[33] 404/5 -  India vs Sri Lanka (2014)[34] 201/5 -  Pakistan vs Bangladesh (2016)[35]
Lowest Inning Score 90 -  India vs West Indies (1983)[36] 120/8 -  India vs Sri Lanka (1996)[37] 70 -  Bangladesh vs New Zealand (2016)[38]
Largest Victory - By Innings Innings & 336 runs -  West Indies vs India (1983)[39] N/A N/A
Largest Victory - By Runs 329 runs -  South Africa vs India (1996)[39] 161 runs -  Zimbabwe vs Kenya (2011)[40] 75 runs -  New Zealand vs Bangladesh (2016)[38]
Largest Victory - By Wickets 10 Wickets -  Australia vs India (1969)[39] 10 Wickets -  South Africa vs India (2005)[40] 6 Wickets -  England vs India (2011) and  Sri Lanka vs Afghanistan (2016)[38]
Largest Victory - By Balls Remaining N/A 15 Overs -  India vs Kenya (1998)[40] 2.1 Overs -  India vs Pakistan (2016)[38]
Narrowest Victory - By Runs 28 runs -  India vs England (1972)[41] 2 runs -  India vs South Africa (1993)[42] 55 runs -  Pakistan vs Bangladesh (2016)[43]
Narrowest Victory - By Wickets 7 Wickets -  England vs India (2012)[41] 2 Wickets -  Pakistan vs India (1987)[42] 4 Wickets -  West Indies vs England (2016)[43]
Narrowest Victory - By Balls Remaining N/A 0.1 Over -  Pakistan vs West Indies (1989)[42] 0.2 Overs -  West Indies vs England (2016)[43]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Historic Eden Garden is meant for BCCI: CAB chief". india.com. 24 August 2007. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  2. ^ http://www.espncricinfo.com/india/content/ground/57980.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Colosseum and Eden Gardens". 
  4. ^ Bag, Shamik. "In the shadow of Eden". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Eden Gardens". Kolkata City Tours. Retrieved 11 May 2016. 
  6. ^ "Early History of Bengal Cricket leading to the formation of the Cricket Association of Bengal in 1928". CAB. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  7. ^ "Wisden Almanack Test Report". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  8. ^ "Wisden Almanack ODI Match Report". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  9. ^ "Eden Gardens T20I Results". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "Hero Cup 1993-94". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  11. ^ "Eden Gardens Stadium, Kolkata 1986 -1987". Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c "Eden Gardens". CricInfo. Retrieved 12 April 2009. 
  13. ^ Kolkata's Eden Gardens stadium gets a new look for Cricket World Cup 2011 Archived 16 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine.. World Interior Design Network. Retrieved on 10 June 2010
  14. ^ "Eden Gardens loses World Cup match". IndiaVoice. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  15. ^ Basu, Rith (22 March 2011). "Empty end to Eden's Cup – And the roar died: just 15 match-day tickets sold for Zimbabwe-Kenya tie". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph (Kolkata). Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  16. ^ "Eden Gardens stands named after Ganguly and Dalmiya". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  17. ^ "Eden Garden now has a stand in memory of Indian Army bravehearts". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  18. ^ Premachandran, Dileep. "Time to get the Eden roar going across India". Wisden India. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  19. ^ a b Saeed, Umaima. "Eden Gardens: A heritage plot of records and romance". Sports Keeda. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  20. ^ "Eden Gardens is the 'Lord's' of sub-continent: Steve Waugh". Cricket Country. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  21. ^ "India vs New Zealand: Kapil Dev inaugurates bell ringing ritual at Eden Gardens". Firstpost. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  22. ^ a b "Explosive Afridi collects another T20 crown". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 16 March 2016. 
  23. ^ "Kohli special steers India home on a turner". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  24. ^ "The king of the run chase". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  25. ^ "Most batsmen bowled in a T20I". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  26. ^ "NZ read conditions and rout Bangladesh". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  27. ^ "World Twenty20: New Zealand beat Bangladesh for fourth win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  28. ^ "Last-over heroics, and Samuels' finale". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 4 April 2016. 
  29. ^ "Unfortunately, they don't look for talent today: The Rediff Interview with Mushtaq Ali". Rediff.com. 17 December 2001. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  30. ^ "Border-Gavaskar Trophy – 2nd Test". Cricinfo. 
  31. ^ "The greatest Test ever?". BBC News. 16 March 2001. 
  32. ^ "Live cricket scores, commentary, match coverage - Cricket news, statistics - ESPN Cricinfo". Cricinfo. 
  33. ^ "Eden Gardens Test Records". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  34. ^ "Eden Gardens ODI Records". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  35. ^ "Eden Gardens T20I Records". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  36. ^ "Eden Gardens Test Records". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  37. ^ "Statistics / Statsguru / ODI matches / Team records / Eden Gardens / Team score". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  38. ^ a b c d "Eden Gardens T20I Records". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  39. ^ a b c "Eden Gardens Test Records". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  40. ^ a b c "Eden Gardens ODI Record". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  41. ^ a b "Eden Gardens ODI Record". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  42. ^ a b c "Eden Gardens ODI Record". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  43. ^ a b c "Eden Gardens T20I Records". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 

External links

Kolkata/Maidan travel guide from Wikivoyage

  • Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium Kolkata, India – Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium Seating Layout
  • CricketArchive statistics for Eden gardens
  • IPL-5 Matches at Eden Gardens – IPL 2012 Matches at Eden Gardens
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