Ecuadorian general election, 2017

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Ecuadorian general election, 2017
Ecuador
← 2013 19 February and 2 April 2017 2021 →
  LENIN MORENO.jpg Guillermo Lasso.jpg
Nominee Lenín Moreno Guillermo Lasso
Party PAIS Alliance CREO
Running mate Jorge Glas Andrés Páez

Incumbent President

Rafael Correa
PAIS Alliance



General elections were held in Ecuador on 19 February 2017 alongside a referendum on tax havens.[1] Voters elected a new President and National Assembly. Incumbent President Rafael Correa of the PAIS Alliance was not eligible for re-election, having served two terms. In the first round of the presidential elections, PAIS Alliance candidate Lenín Moreno received 39% of the vote. Although he was more than 10% ahead of his nearest rival, Guillermo Lasso of the Creating Opportunities party, Moreno was just short of the 40% threshold required to avoid a run-off. As a result a second round will be held on 2 April.[2]

Background

With Correa ineligible for re-election, his supporters formed an organisation Rafael Contigo Siempre (Always with you Rafael) to campaign for a constitutional amendment to allow him to run again.[3] With signatures from 8% of the electorate required to hold a referendum (929,062), a total of 1.2 million were collected.[4] However, Correa stated that he was planning on retiring from politics and would not run again.[5] Instead, on 2 October 2016 the PAIS Alliance nominated Lenín Moreno, Correa's vice president from 2007 to 2013, as its candidate, with incumbent vice president Jorge Glas as his running mate.[6]

Electoral system

The President is elected using a modified two-round system, with a candidate required to get over 50% of the vote, or get over 40% of the vote and be 10% ahead of their nearest rival to be elected in the first round.[7]

The 137 members of the National Assembly were elected by three methods; 116 were elected in single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting, 15 were elected from a nationwide constituency using proportional representation, with six elected from three two-member constituencies representing Ecuadorians living overseas.[8] Voting was compulsory except for voters aged 16–18 or over 65 and people classed as illiterate.[8]

Opinion polls

First round

Second round

Date Institute Lenín
Moreno
Guillermo
Lasso
22/03/17 Eureknow 44.3% 41.3%
22/03/17 DIAGNOSTICO 48.73% 37.07%
21/03/17 Perfiles de Opinión 49.37% 36.35%
21/03/17 CEDATOS 52.4% 47.6%
21/03/17 Market 52.1% 47.9%
19/03/17 CMS 36,76% 35,86%
16/03/17 DIAGNOSTICO 50.61% 36.72%
15/03/17 CEDATOS 49.2% 50.8%
14/03/17 Market 53.2% 46.8%
14/03/17 Perfiles de Opinión 51.02% 35.53%
12/03/17 Opinión Pública 46% 35%
09/03/17 DIAGNOSTICO 48.36% 35.70%
06/03/17 CMS 35.17% 35.01%
01/03/17 DIAGNOSTICO 50.39% 41.20%
25/02/17 CIS 59% 41%
25/02/17 CEDATOS 47.9% 52.1%

Results

President

The count was delayed for four days, far longer than usual, raising suspicions from the Lasso camp. In past years, the first-round results were known on election day. Election officials blamed the delays on "numerical inconsistencies" in some ballots. Moreno maintained a consistent lead throughout the count. However, by the fourth day of counting, it was no longer mathematically possible for him to win an outright victory--setting the stage for the runoff.[2]

Map of results of the first round by provinces.
  Lenín Moreno
  Guillermo Lasso
Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Lenín Moreno PAIS Alliance 3,716,343 39.36
Guillermo Lasso Creating Opportunities 2,652,403 28.09
Cynthia Viteri Social Christian Party 1,540,903 16.32
Paco Moncayo National Agreement for Change (es; zh) 634,033 6.71
Abdalá Bucaram, Jr. Fuerza Ecuador 455,187 4.82
Iván Espinel Molina Fuerza Compromiso Social 299,840 3.18
Patricio Zuquilanda Duque Patriotic Society Party 72,679 0.77
Washington Pesántez Movimiento Unión Ecuatoriana 71,107 0.75
Invalid/blank votes 1,022,812
Total 10,470,174 100
Registered voters/turnout 12,826,928 81.63
Source: CNE

National Assembly

Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ecuador
Party Votes % Seats
National Provincial Abroad Total +/–
PAIS Alliance 40,091,544 39.07 7 63 4 74 –26
Creating Opportunities–SUMA 20,589,460 20.06 3 29 2 34 +22
Social Christian Party 16,319,989 15.90 3 12 0 15 +9
Fuerza Ecuador 4,870,863 4.75 1 0 0 1 New
Democratic Left 3,866,778 3.77 1 3 0 4 +2
Patriotic Society Party 3,017,722 2.94 0 2 0 2 -3
Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement – New Country 2,740,043 2.67 0 4 0 4 –1
Partido Político Avanza 2,208,026 2.15 0 0 0 0 –5
Fuerza ¡Compromiso Social! 2,010,565 1.96 0 0 0 0 New
Unidad Popular 1,638,137 1.60 0 0 0 0 New
Partido Adelante Ecuatoriano Adelante 1,354,930 1.32 0 0 0 0 New
Centro Democratico 1,174,467 1.14 0 0 0 0 New
Movimiento Concertación 1,035,089 1.01 0 0 0 0 –1
Socialist Party 885,658 0.86 0 0 0 0 0
Unión Ecuatoriana 814,253 0.79 0 0 0 0 New
Independents and Regionalists 3 0 3 0
Total 102,617,524 100 15 116 6 137 0
Valid votes 8,149,486 77.79
Invalid/blank votes 2,326,745 22.21
Total 10,476,231 100
Registered voters/turnout 12,826,928 81.67
Source: CNE

References

  1. ^ Referendum on tax havens will be conducted in the elections of 2017 Ecuador Times, 22 November 2016
  2. ^ a b Ecuador will hold run-off poll to choose new president BBC News, 23 February 2017
  3. ^ Ecuador: Court Paves Way for Referendum on Correa's Re-Election Telesur, 25 April 2016
  4. ^ Ecuadorians Collect 1.2 Million Signatures for Correa’s Reelection Panama Post, 17 August 2016
  5. ^ Ecuador’s Rafael Correa to Supporters: Thanks but I Won’t Run for Reelection Panama Post, 21 August 2016
  6. ^ Dube, Ryan (3 October 2016). "Ecuador's Ruling Party Chooses Lenin Moreno as Presidential Candidate". The Wall Street Journal. 
  7. ^ Ecuador IFES
  8. ^ a b Electoral system IPU
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