Eaton Corporation

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Eaton Corporation plc
Public company
Traded as NYSEETN
S&P 500 Component
Industry Conglomerate
Founded 1911; 107 years ago (1911)
Founder Joseph Oriel Eaton II
Viggo Torbensen
Headquarters Dublin
Ireland [1]
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Craig Arnold (Chairman, President & CEO), Richard H. Fearon (Vice Chairman, CFO), Revathi Advaithi (COO, Electrical Sector), Uday Yadav (Vice Chairman & COO Industrial Sector)
Revenue Increase US$20.4 billion (2017)
Increase US$2.986 billion (2017)
Total assets Increase US$32.623 billion (2017)
Total equity Increase US$17.290 billion (2017)
Number of employees
96,000
Divisions Electrical Sector
Industrial Sector
- Aerospace
- Hydraulics
- Filtration
- Golf Pride
- Vehicle
- eMobility
Website eaton.com

Eaton Corporation Plc is a multinational power management company with 2017 sales of $20.4 billion, founded in the United States[2] with corporate headquarters [3] in Dublin, Ireland. Eaton has approximately 96,000 employees and sells products to customers in more than 175 countries.[4]

History

In 1911, Joseph O. Eaton, brother-in-law Henning O. Taube and Viggo V. Torbensen, incorporated the Torbensen Gear and Axle Co. in Bloomfield, New Jersey. With financial backing from Torbensen's mother, the company was set to manufacture Torbensen's patented internal-gear truck axle. In 1914, the company moved to Cleveland, Ohio, to be closer to its core business, the automotive industry.

The Torbensen Axle Company incorporated in Ohio in 1916, succeeding the New Jersey corporation. A year later, Republic Motor Truck Company, Torbensen's largest customer bought out the company. But Eaton and Torbensen were not content and bowed out of Republic to form the Eaton Axle Company in 1919. A year later, in 1920, Eaton Axle Company merged with Standard Parts. Standard Parts went in receivership later the same year and was later liquidated. In 1923, Eaton bought the Torbensen Axle Co. back from Republic and changed the name to the Eaton Axle and Spring Company.

Eaton officers believed the quickest way to grow the business was through acquisitions and began buying companies in the automotive industry. By 1932, the diversified company changed its name to Eaton Manufacturing Company. In 1937, Eaton became international by opening a manufacturing plant in Canada. In 1958 Eaton Corporation acquired Fuller Manufacturing. The company name changed once again in 1965 to Eaton Yale & Towne Inc. after the acquisition of Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co. in 1963. Stockholders approved the change to the company's current name in 1971. In 1978, Eaton Corporation acquired Samuel Moore & Company, Kenway Systems, and Cutler-Hammer.[5][6][citation needed]

Current work

Eaton has two business sectors: Electrical and Industrial

Electrical sector

Electrical Americas & Electrical Rest of World Segments

The electrical sector's products include circuit breakers, switchgear, busway, UPS systems, power distribution units, panel boards, load centers, motor controls, meters, sensors, relays and inverters. The main markets for the Electrical Americas and Electrical Rest of World segments are industrial, institutional, government, utility, commercial, residential, information technology and original equipment manufacturer customers.

Industrial sector

Hydraulics group

Eaton is a manufacturer of systems and components for use in mobile and industrial applications. Markets include agriculture, construction, mining, forestry, utility, material handling, machine tools, molding, power generation, primary metals, and oil and gas. The Hydraulics group also includes Eaton's Filtration, Golf Grip and Airflex industrial clutch and brake businesses.

Aerospace group

For the aerospace industry, Eaton manufactures and markets a line of systems and components for hydraulic, fuel, motion control, pneumatic systems and engines.

Vehicle group

The Vehicle Group comprises the company's truck and automotive segments.

The truck segment is involved in the design, manufacture and marketing of powertrain systems and other components for commercial vehicle markets. Key products include manual and automated transmissions, clutches and hybrid power.

Eaton’s automotive segment produces products such as superchargers, engine valves, valve train components, cylinder heads, locking and limited-slip differentials, fuel, emissions, and safety controls, transmission and engine controls, spoilers, exterior moldings, plastic components, and fluid connectors.

Acquisitions

Eaton Electrical purchased the Westinghouse Distribution and Controls Business Unit in 1994 which was one of Eaton's largest acquisitions.[7] The acquisition included all of the Westinghouse electrical distribution and control product business and also included stipulations that the Westinghouse name cannot be used by anyone else on these types of products for years. Today, Eaton Electrical manufactures electrical distribution and control products branded "Eaton" or "Cutler-Hammer" which can replace Westinghouse products in commercial and industrial applications.

Eaton spun off its semiconductor manufacturing equipment business as Axcelis Technologies in 2000.

In 2003, Eaton's Electrical Distribution and Control business (formerly known as Cutler-Hammer) acquired the electrical division of Delta plc. This acquisition brought Delta's brands Holec, MEM, Tabula, Bill and Elek under the Eaton nameplate[8] with the previous Westinghouse divisions and gave the company manufacturing facilities to meet IEC standards, one of the steps to become a global company and developing a worldwide standard.

Soon after this acquisition, Eaton entered a joint venture with Caterpillar Inc. and purchased 51% of I & S operations (now known as Intelligent Switchgear Organization, LLC).[9] This was followed in 2004 by the acquisition of Powerware.[10] The Powerware brand is known for the design and production of medium to large Uninterruptible Power System (UPS) devices. After several years of co-branding UPS products "Eaton|Powerware" the company is switching to the single brand Eaton for all UPS products including; BladeUPS, 9355, 9390, 9395, and 9E.

In 2006, Eaton entered the data center power distribution market. Initial products were internally developed PDU's and RPP's under the Powerware brand and included the PowerXpert metering system. A Powerware brand Static Transfer Switch was added to the portfolio through a brand-label relationship with Cyberex. To complete the power distribution portfolio Eaton released a line of rack power distribution products under its Powerware brand called ePDU. It acquired Aphel Technologies Ltd., a manufacturer of power distribution product for data centers based in Coventry, UK.[11] Shortly after, it added Pulizzi Engineering Inc., Santa Ana, CA-based manufacturer of mission critical power distribution.[12] In late 2007, it acquired the MGE Office Protection Systems division of Schneider Electric, as a result of Schneider's acquisition of APC. A Taiwanese manufacturer, Phoenixtec, was also acquired giving the company the highest share in the Chinese single-phase UPS market.[13]

On May 21, 2012 Eaton announced that they had agreed to purchase Ireland-based Cooper Industries in a cash-and-stock deal valued at about $11.46 billion. The new company is called Eaton Corporation plc and is incorporated in Ireland. Then-Eaton Chairman and CEO Alexander Cutler headed the new corporation. Cooper shareholders received $39.15 in cash and 0.77479 of a share in the newly created company for each Cooper share held. This is worth $72 per share based on Eaton’s closing share price of $42.40 on May 18, 2012, and is 29% above Cooper’s closing stock price.[14] Eaton Corporation plc completed its acquisition of Cooper Industries on Nov 30, 2012. The $13 billion acquisition of Cooper (USD$5.4B Sales revenue -2011), became the largest in Eaton's (USD$16B Sales Revenue-2011) 101-year history.[15]

Brands

Aphel Technologies Aeroquip Airflex Arrow Hart Babco Cooper Wiring Devices
Arrow Hose & Tubing Argo-Tech Begerow Centurion Bill Golf Pride
Crouse-Hinds Bussmann Boston Char-Lynn Blinda Hydrokraft
Cutler-Hammer Moeller Carter Dynapower CEAG Hydro-Line
Eaton Detroit Differentials Pigozzi Durant Everflex Cooper Internormen
Ephesus Lighting Ephesus B-Line
FHF Funke + Huster Fernsig Pringle Fuller EverTough Elek Roadranger
Hansen and Gromelle Pulizzi Hydrowa Phoenixtec Halo Walterscheid
Marina Power & Lighting Senyuan Martek Powerware Holec Weatherhead
MGE Office Protection Systems Synflex Santak Tractech MEM Wright Line
Ronningen-Petter Vickers Winner Ultronics SEL Wright-Austin

Aeroquip Performance is the brand that produces hoses and fittings. It is brand’s corporate rule to test each fitting and hose to make sure it meets the standard safety factors. Besides, fittings and hoses are tested to work together as an assembly that will fit together and perform right. Aeroquip racing hose has been the most popular racing hose on the market within the last 75 years.[16]

Airflex is the manufacturer of performance drivetrain products. For over 40 years in business, these products were adapted and innovated to meet the latest industry requirements. Manufacturing facilities and distribution chains span multiple continents and countries, which makes Airflex one of the global brands from the Eaton Corporation.[17]

Arrow Hart is the manufacturer and distributor of products for industrial and commercial usage. Arrow Hart product range includes the following products: temporary power solutions, pin and sleeve devices, power and locking devices, weatherproof covers and boxes, and wiring. Locking devices by Arrow Hart are available for Available in a wide range of NEMA and Non-NEMA configurations.[18]

Headquarters

From 1920s-1964 Eaton was based on East 140th Street in Cleveland, Ohio. In 1964, the company moved its headquarters into the new Erieview Tower where it remained until 1983. In that year, Eaton Corporation moved into a 28-story Cleveland office tower which was renamed for it.[19] Eaton relocated to its new 580,000 square foot facility, named Eaton Center, in Beachwood, Ohio in early 2013.[20] The reincorporation in Ireland as part of the Cooper merger involved establishing a registered head office in Dublin, Ireland but operational headquarters remain in Ohio.

Environmental record

Eaton was selected in 2008 as a recipient of the CALSTART Blue Sky Award with recognition for its environmentally "green" transportation investments, products and actions. The award was directed towards the company's efforts to pioneer heavy duty hybrid-drive technology for trucks. The annual awards recognize outstanding marketplace contributions to clean air, energy efficiency and to the clean transportation industry overall by companies, organizations and individuals.[21]

Operations of Eaton involve the use and disposal of certain substances regulated under environmental protection laws. Eaton continues to modify certain processes on an ongoing, regular basis to reduce the impact on the environment, including the reduction or elimination of certain chemicals used in, and wastes generated from, operations. Eaton has set standards for itself in the category of environmental protection vowing to reduce its own greenhouse gas emissions by 18 percent by 2012.[22]

In 2006, Eaton joined the Green Suppliers Network, a public-private partnership with the EPA and U.S. Department of Commerce, through which small and medium-sized suppliers are helped to develop "lean and clean" manufacturing processes.[23]

Eaton's hybrid electric powertrain combines a diesel engine and electric motor to drive the vehicle.[24]

In 2013, Eaton has been ranked a global leader by Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) and was named to the Climate Disclosure Leadership Index. Eaton’s position in the index ranked it first among its global competitors in the industrials sector.[25]

Corporate recognition and rankings

Recognitions include the following:

  • Ranked #4 in "100 Best Corporate Citizens" of Corporate Responsibility Magazine in 2013, also ranking in Top 50 for Six Consecutive Years.[26]
  • Named to Thomson Reuters Top 100 Innovators List, 2011 - 2012 - 2013.[27]
  • Ranked Among the World’s Most Ethical Companies chosen by the Ethisphere Institute for 2007-2014 [28]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Eaton.com
  2. ^ Eaton.com Archived 8 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ http://www.eaton.com/us/en-us/company/about-us.html
  5. ^ http://www.eaton.com/Eaton/ProductsServices/Electrical/Support/Brand/Cutler-Hammer/index.htm
  6. ^ http://www.manufacturingnews.com/subscribers/users_orig.cgi?mfgnews_username=mbg&flag=read_article&id_title=1&id_article=581&id_issue=34&id_sub=459&id_sl=[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "History Timeline". Eaton Corporation. Archived from the original on 24 January 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  8. ^ Dale Funk (1 January 2003). "Eaton buys Delta plc's electrical division based in United Kingdom". Electrical Wholesaling. Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  9. ^ "Cutler-Hammer in joint venture between Eaton, Caterpillar". The Business Journal (Milwaukee). bizjournals.com. 5 August 2003. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  10. ^ "Eaton Completes Purchase of Powerware" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 9 June 2004. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  11. ^ "Eaton Announces Acquisition Of Aphel Technologies Limited" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 5 April 2007. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  12. ^ "Eaton Expands Power Quality Offerings With Acquisition Of Pulizzi Engineering" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 19 June 2007. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  13. ^ "Eaton To Acquire MGE's Small Systems Business From Schneider Electric" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 21 June 2007. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  14. ^ Detroit Free Press, Tuesday, May 22. 2012, page 3C
  15. ^ Business Week
  16. ^ "Aeroquip [Eaton Corp.]: Products & Corporate Information". TOOLSiD.com. July 2018.
  17. ^ "Eaton Airflex: Selection & Programs" (PDF). Eaton Corp. August 2018.
  18. ^ "Arrow Hart: Industrial grade straight blade & locking devices". Cooper Industries. 2018.
  19. ^ "Eaton Center". Emporis. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  20. ^ Grant Gravagna (2 Feb 2013). "Eaton Corporation Relocated World Headquarters to Beachwood; Puts City on Map for Economic Development". bcomber.org. Retrieved 2013-02-03.
  21. ^ "CALSTART Blue Sky Award Winners Announced" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 5 May 2008. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  22. ^ "Climate Change Commitment". Eaton Corporation. Archived from the original on 20 September 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  23. ^ "Eaton joins EPA's Green Suppliers Network" (PDF) (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 10 July 2006. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  24. ^ "Cleaner Vehicles". FedEx. 23 September 2011. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  25. ^ "Eaton Achieves CDP Leadership Position" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 16 September 2013.
  26. ^ "Eaton Places Fourth Among" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 16 April 2013.
  27. ^ "Eaton Recognized for Leadership" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 9 October 2013.
  28. ^ "Eaton Ranks Among the World's Most Ethical Companies" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 20 March 2014.

References

The History of Eaton Corporation 1911–1985
Securities and Exchange Commission

External links

  • Official website
    • Business data for Eaton Corporation: Google Finance
    • Yahoo! Finance
    • Reuters
    • SEC filings
  • Information about Fluid Power is also available on the National Fluid Power Association web-site nfpa.com

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