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Varanasi in Purvanchal
Varanasi in Purvanchal
Location of Purvanchal
Location of Purvanchal
Country  India
Region Hindi Belt in North India
Major Cities Gorakhpur,Ayodhya,Varanasi
Language Bhojpuri language and Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu)
Largest district Sonbhadra
old Regions of Uttar Pradesh.
Varanasi attracts millions of Hindu pilgrims every year.

Purvanchal is a geographic region of northern India, which comprises the eastern end of Uttar Pradesh and western end of Bihar, where Hindi-Urdu, and its dialects Bhojpuri are the predominant language. It is bounded by Nepal to the north, Indian state Bihar to the east, Bagelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh state to the south, the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh to the west and the end of Lower Doab (the Kanpur-Fatehpur-Allahabad region) in Uttar Pradesh to its southwest.


The name Purvanchal is derived from two Hindi word Puruv(East) and Anchal(Region) which means The eastern part of a region or East zone.

Modern Definition

Purvanchal consists primarily of 4 divisions: the eastern Awadhi region in the west, the western Bhojpuri region in the east, the Baghelkhand region in the south, and the Nepal region in the north.


Purvanchal includes the following 24 districts from Uttar Pradesh

Administrative Divisions.

International Airport

  1. Varanasi Airport
  2. Gorakhpur Airport
  3. Ram lala Airport Ayodhya

Local Airport

  1. Akbarpur Airstrip
  2. Azamgarh Airstrip
  3. Sultanpur Airstrip
  4. Ayodhya Airstrip
  5. Amethi Airstrip
  6. Ballia Airstrip
  7. Maharajganj Airstrip
  8. Bahraich Airstrip
  9. Balrampur Airstrip
  10. Sarasvati Airstrip
  11. Kushinagar Airstrip
  12. Ranukote Airstrip
  13. Mirzapur Airstrip


It lies on the Indo-Gangetic plain, and together with western Bihar is the most densely populated area in the world. The rich quality of its soil and the high earthworm density in the soil as opposed to adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh makes the region favourable for agriculture. Most of the countryside is given to intensive agriculture. Bhojpuri is the predominant language or dialect in the region, in addition to Hindi, although Awadhi and Baghelkhandi are also spoken in the western and southern areas. Like Bihar state to the east, a large population, slow economic growth, agricultural mechanisation, and the closure of sugar mills have led to increased unemployment, social and political discontent, and some unrest in the region.


The ancient excavated Buddha image inside the Parinirvana Stupa, Kushinagar

Purvanchal is one of the most ancient regions of India and enjoys a rich heritage and culture, particularly because of its association with cities like Varanasi, Gorakhpur etc.

A major religious hub in India, it is one of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism and Jainism, and played an important role in the development of Buddhism. Muslim population is 14.73% of total population.

Municipal Board City

  1. Ayodhya population 589,567(2011)
  2. Gorakhpur population 641,234(2011)
  3. Varanasi population 12,456,56(2011)


Banaras Hindu University is a Central University in Purvanchal. It evolved out of the Central Hindu College of Varanasi, set up by Annie Besant — a colorful British woman of Irish descent — who joined hands with Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya in April 1911 for a common Hindu university at Varanasi.

Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi is an Institute of National Importance in Purvanchal. It is one of the 16 prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology. It was established in 1919 by the visionary Mahamana Pandit Mohan Malviya and has been constantly ranked among the top 10 technical institutes of India.

A Government Degree College was set up by the Government of Uttar Pradesh, for providing higher education to scholars who are interested in course work and programs of higher studies. At present, 137 Government Degree Colleges have been established by the state government to fulfill above criteria. The UP government administers, manages and controls these colleges through Department of Higher Education, Uttar Pradesh and follows the norms and regulations of University Grants Commission, New Delhi.



External links

  • Purvanchal Website

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