Eastern Hutt

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Eastern Hutt electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996.

Eastern Hutt is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1978 to 1996. It was represented by two Labour MPs.

Population centres

The 1977 electoral redistribution was the most overtly political since the Representation Commission had been established through an amendment to the Representation Act in 1886, initiated by Muldoon's National Government.[1] As part of the 1976 census, a large number of people failed to fill out an electoral re-registration card, and census staff had not been given the authority to insist on the card being completed. This had little practical effect for people on the general roll, but it transferred Māori to the general roll if the card was not handed in. Together with a northward shift of New Zealand's population, this resulted in five new electorates having to be created in the upper part of the North Island.[2] The electoral redistribution was very disruptive, and 22 electorates were abolished, while 27 electorates were newly created (including Eastern Hutt) or re-established. These changes came into effect for the 1978 election.[3]

In the 1977 electoral redistribution, the existing Western Hutt moved west, and the Eastern Hutt electorate was formed from areas that previously belonged to Western Hutt and the Hutt electorate, the latter of which was abolished.[4] The Eastern Hutt electorate incorporated the eastern part of Lower Hutt in the Hutt Valley up to the suburb of Haywards in the north.[5] In the 1983 electoral redistribution, the northern part of the electorate transferred to the Western Hutt electorate (including Haywards) and the electorate moved slightly further east.[6]

History

In the 1978 election, the Eastern Hutt electorate was won by Trevor Young, who had been MP for the Hutt electorate since 1968.[7] Young retired at the 1990 election and was succeeded by Paul Swain. When Eastern Hutt was replaced in 1996 by the Hutt South electorate, Swain transferred to the Rimutaka electorate to the north of Hutt South.[8]

Members of Parliament

The electorate was represented by two Labour MPs.

Key

 Labour  

Election Winner
1978 election Trevor Young
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Paul Swain
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Hutt South)

Election results

1987 election

General election, 1987: Eastern Hutt[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Trevor Young 10,977 60.1 +4.5
National P W Pattison 6,237 34.1
Democrats Trevor Barnard 1,064 5.8
Majority 4,740 26.0 -4.9
Turnout 21,314 88.4 -6.2

1984 election

General election, 1984: Eastern Hutt[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Trevor Young 10,816 55.6 +0.8
National Joy McLauchlan 4,811 24.7
NZ Party Maureen Harvey 2,832 14.2
Social Credit Ian McRae 1,005 5.2 -11.8
Majority 6,005 30.9 +4.3
Turnout 21,203 94.2 +3.9

1981 election

General election, 1981: Eastern Hutt[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Trevor Young 10,335 54.8 -1.6
National Alex Duthie 5,324 28.2
Social Credit Ian McRae 3,199 17.0 +4.3
Majority 5,011 26.6 -1.9
Turnout 20,969 90.3 +18.6

1978 election

General election, 1978: Eastern Hutt[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Trevor Young 10,640 56.4
National Rosemary Young 5,267 27.9
Social Credit Ian McRae 2,394 12.7
Values Malcolm White 400 2.1
Independent M E Gee 168 0.9
Majority 5,373 28.5
Turnout 26,012 72.9

Notes

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 8–9, 51, 119.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 119.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 115–120.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 114, 118.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 118.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 118–123.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 247.
  8. ^ "Paul Swain leaves Parliament with sense of humour intact". New Zealand Press Association. The National Business Review. 25 September 2008. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  9. ^ a b c d Norton 1988, pp. 219.

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
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