Eastern European Time

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Time zones of Africa:
 -01:00  Cape Verde Time[a]
 ±00:00  Greenwich Mean Time
 +01:00  West Africa Time
 +02:00 
 +03:00  East Africa Time
 +04:00 
a The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland.
b Mauritius and the Seychelles are to the east and north-east of Madagascar respectively.

Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. The zone uses daylight saving time, so that it uses UTC+03:00 during the summer.

A number of African countries use UTC+02:00 all year long, where it is called Central Africa Time (CAT)[1], although Egypt and Libya also use the term Eastern European Time.[2]

Usage

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use Eastern European Time all year round:

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use Eastern European Time during the winter only:

The following countries, parts of countries, and territories used Eastern European Time in the past:

  • Moscow used EET in years 1922–30 and 1991–92.
  • Belarus, in years 1922–30 and 1990–2011[5]
  • In Poland this time was used in years 1918–22.
  • In time of World War II, Germany implemented MET (CET) in east occupied territories.
  • Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol used EET as part of Ukraine between 1991-94 and 1996-2014.
  • Turkey, used EET in years 1910-1978 and re-used it again in years 1985-2016. Now uses year round DST timezone called Further-eastern European Time or Turkey Time (TRT).

Sometimes, due to its use on Microsoft Windows,[6] FLE Standard Time (for Finland, Lithuania, Estonia,[7] or sometimes Finland, Latvia, Estonia[8]) or GTB Standard Time (for Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria) are used to refer to Eastern European Time.

Anomalies

Since political, in addition to purely geographical, criteria are used in the drawing of time zones, it follows that time zones do not precisely adhere to meridian lines. The EET (UTC+02:00) time zone, were it drawn by purely geographical terms, would consist of exactly the area between meridians 22°30' E and 37°30' E. As a result, there are European locales that despite lying in an area with a "physical" UTC+02:00 time, are in another time zone; likewise, there are European areas that have gone for UTC+02:00, even though their "physical" time zone is different from that. Following is a list of such anomalies:

Areas located outside UTC+02:00 longitudes using Eastern European Time (UTC+02:00) time

European winter
Colour Legal time vs local mean time
1 h ± 30 m behind
0 h ± 30 m
1 h ± 30 m ahead
2 h ± 30 m ahead
3 h ± 30 m ahead

Areas west of 22°30' E ("physical" UTC+01:00) that use UTC+02:00


Areas east of 37°30' E ("physical" UTC+03:00) that use UTC+02:00

Areas located within UTC+02:00 longitudes (22°30' E – 37°30' E) using other time zones

Areas that use UTC+01:00

These areas have sunrises and sunsets at least half an hour earlier than places on the UTC+01:00 meridian.

Areas that use UTC+03:00

Tripoints and borders between zones

  • The Norway–Russia–Finland "tri-zone" point at Muotkavaara (see Central European Time) is surrounded by three different times in winter, two in summer. It had three time zones year-around before 2014.
  • Two of the four tripoints of Belarus and the tripoint of the Kaliningrad Region are surrounded by three different times in winter.

Major metropolitan areas

Winter only

Year round

References

  1. ^ "CAT – Central Africa Time (Time Zone Abbreviation)". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 2019-04-10.
  2. ^ "EET – Eastern European Time (Time Zone Abbreviation)". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 2019-04-10.
  3. ^ "Saatler geri alınıyor!". Yeni Düzen. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  4. ^ Ukraine to return to standard time on Oct. 30 (updated) Archived October 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Eternal Daylight Saving Time (DST) in Belarus".
  6. ^ "TimeZone". Microsoft.
  7. ^ "FLE". TheFreeDictionary.com.
  8. ^ "Finland Latvia Estonia Time". TheFreeDictionary.com.
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