Early Commissioning Program

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Early Commissioning Program (ECP) is a U.S. Army ROTC program that allows graduates of one of the nation's four Military Junior Colleges (MJC) to become commissioned officers in the reserve components (National Guard or Reserve) in two years, instead of the usual four.[1] Upon completion at MJCs, ECP LTs must go on to finish a bachelor's degree before possibly serving as active duty officers or continuing a career in the reserve components. They must graduate within the next 24 months (waiver for one additional year maybe granted by Cadet Command) after receiving early commission.[2] While attending their 4-year univeristy, ECP LTs will be serving in a non-deployable status.[3]

History

Before 1966, a prospective officer in the United States Army could only gain an ROTC commission after being awarded a baccalaureate degree. However, to meet the manpower requirements of the Vietnam War, Congress approved a measure that allowed cadets at Military Junior Colleges who had completed all requirements of the ROTC Advanced Course to be commissioned as second lieutenants and called to active duty at the conclusion of their sophomore year.[4]

In the mid-1970s, the elimination of the draft and the anti-military backlash caused by Vietnam led to officer recruiting problems, especially in the reserves. To address these concerns, the ECP was revised in 1978. Cadets from four-year schools who had successfully completed Advanced Camp and Military Science IV, but who had not yet earned their four-year degree could also be commissioned, provided they were slotted against a valid lieutenant vacancy.[4]

Throughout the 1980s, the Early Commissioning Program played a major role in officer production. In some years, ECP officers constituted over 60% of all ROTC second lieutenants.[5] The program is a major financial incentive for students who could receive their commissions early and serve as officers while still attending college. In 1984, the California Guard received 95% (74 out of 78) of its ROTC lieutenants from the ECP program. The Army Reserve had a similar experience.[5]

In 1991, the downsizing of the Army reduced officer production requirements, leading to the reduction of the Early Commission Program to only the Military Junior Colleges.[6] These schools are Georgia Military College, Marion Military Institute, New Mexico Military Institute, and Valley Forge Military Academy and College.[7]

Notable graduates

Gustave F. Perna is by far the highest ranking ECP officer
  • Julio R. Banez, U.S. Army Brigadier General, Assistant Adjutant General of Army Alaska National Guard.[8]
  • Matthew P. Beevers, U.S. Army Major General,Assistant Adjutant General of California National Guard.[9]
  • Robert W. Bennett, U.S. Army Brigadier General, deputy commander of U.S. Army Cadet Command[10]
  • Susan A. Davidson, U.S. Army Major General, commanding general of the 8th Theater Sustainment Command.[11]
  • Scott L. Efflandt, U.S. Army Brigadier General, Deputy Commandant of United States Army Command and General Staff College.[12]
  • William A. Hall, U.S. Army Brigadier General,Director of European Partnership Task Force.[13]
  • John F. King, U.S. Army Brigadier General,Deputy Commanding General of Army National Guard.[14]
  • Francis S. Laudano III, U.S. Army Brigadier General, Commander of 164th Air Defense Artillery Brigade.[15]
  • Clark W. LeMasters, Jr., U.S. Army Major General, Commanding General of the United States Army TACOM Life Cycle Management Command.[16]
  • Harry E. Miller Jr., U.S. Army Brigadier General, Mobilization Assistant to the Director at Defense Intelligence Agency Washington, DC.[17]
  • Johnny R. Miller, U.S. Army Major General,former Assistant Adjutant General of Illinois Army National Guard.
  • Gustave F. Perna, U.S. Army General, the commander of United States Army Materiel Command.
  • Dennis E. Rogers, U.S. Army Brigadier General, former commander of United States Army Installation Management Command.[18]
  • Raymond F. Shields Jr., U.S. Army Major General,the Commander of the New York Army National Guard.[19]
  • Kevin R. Wendel, U.S. Army Major General, commander of Combined Security Transition Command in Afghanistan.

References

  1. ^ "Early Commissioning Program-ROTC". NY National Guard Officer Accessions. Retrieved 2017-10-20. 
  2. ^ "Army Regulation 145–1 Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Program: Organization, Administration, and Training" (PDF). U.S. Army. U.S. Army. p. 40. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  3. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions about the Early Commissioning Program (ECP)" (PDF). Valley Forge Military Academy and College. Retrieved 2017-10-20. 
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Army Cadet Command: The 10 Year History". United States. Army. Cadet Command. Office of the Command Historian. Office of the Command Historian, U.S. Army Cadet Commmand, 1996. p. 149. Retrieved 2017-08-01. 
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Army Cadet Command: The 10 Year History". United States. Army. Cadet Command. Office of the Command Historian. Office of the Command Historian, U.S. Army Cadet Commmand, 1996. p. 150. Retrieved 2017-08-01. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Army Cadet Command: The 10 Year History". United States. Army. Cadet Command. Office of the Command Historian. Office of the Command Historian, U.S. Army Cadet Commmand, 1996. p. 152. Retrieved 2017-08-01. 
  7. ^ "Military Colleges". GoArmy. Retrieved 2017-10-20. 
  8. ^ "BRIGADIER GENERAL JULIO R. BANEZ". National Guard. National Guard. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  9. ^ "MAJOR GENERAL MATTHEW P. BEEVERS". National Guard. National Guard. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  10. ^ "BIOGRAPHY Brigadier General Robert W. Bennett" (PDF). U.S. Army. U.S. Army. Retrieved 2017-07-31. [dead link]
  11. ^ "MG Susan A. Davidson - Commanding General". U.S. Army. U.S. Army. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  12. ^ DOD: General Officer Assignments
  13. ^ "Brigadier General William A. Hall". National Guard. National Guard. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  14. ^ "BRIGADIER GENERAL JOHN F. KING Deputy Commanding General - Army National Guard" (PDF). U.S. Army. U.S. Army. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-19. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  15. ^ "BRIGADIER GENERAL FRANCIS S. LAUDANO III". National Guard. National Guard. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  16. ^ "Clark W. LeMasters". U.S. Army. U.S. Army. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  17. ^ "Major General Harry E. Miller Jr.". National Guard. National Guard. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  18. ^ "Rogers retires after 30 years of service". U.S. Army. U.S. Army. April 29, 2010. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  19. ^ "New York Army National Guard leader to get promotion". John Cropley. The Daily Gazette. 2017-08-09. Retrieved 2017-08-10. 

External links

  • GoArmy.com: Brief History of ECP
  • GoArmy.com: Military Colleges
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