Earl of Roden

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Earl of Roden
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of the Earl of Roden
Arms: Azure, a circular Wreath Argent and Sable, with four Hawk’s Bells conjoined thereto in quadrangle Or. Crest: A Falcon’s Leg erased à-la-cuisse proper, belled Or. Supporters: Dexter: On either side a Falcon wings inverted proper, belled Or.
Creation date 1 December 1771
Monarch King George III
Peerage Peerage of Ireland
First holder Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Viscount Jocelyn
Present holder Robert Jocelyn, 10th Earl of Roden
Heir apparent Shane Jocelyn, Viscount Jocelyn
Remainder to The 1st Earls’ heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titles Viscount Jocelyn
Baron Newport
Baron Clanwilliam
Baronet ‘of Hyde Hall’
Status Extant
Former seat(s) Hyde Hall
Tollymore Park
Armorial motto FAIRE MAN DEVOIR
(Do my duty)
Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden.

Earl of Roden is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1771 for Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Viscount Jocelyn. This branch of the Jocelyn family descends from the 1st Viscount, prominent Irish lawyer and politician Robert Jocelyn, the son of Thomas Jocelyn, third son of Sir Robert Jocelyn, 1st Baronet, of Hyde Hall (see below). He notably served as Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1739 to 1756. In 1743 he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Newport, of Newport, and in 1755 he was further honoured when he was made Viscount Jocelyn, also in the Peerage of Ireland.[1] He was succeeded by his son, the second Viscount. He represented Old Leighlin in the Irish House of Commons and served as Auditor-General of Ireland. In 1770 he also succeeded his first cousin once removed as fifth Baronet of Hyde Hall. In 1771 he was created Earl of Roden, of High Roding in the County of Tipperary, in the Peerage of Ireland.[2] Lord Roden married Lady Anne Hamilton, daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Clanbrassil and sister of James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Clanbrassil, a title which became extinct in 1798.

Lord Roden was succeeded his son, the second Earl. He sat in the Irish House of Commons for Dundalk and served as an Irish Representative Peer in the British House of Lords between 1800 and 1820. He was also a professional soldier who played a decisive, if somewhat ruthless role in suppressing the Irish Rebellion of 1798. His son, the third Earl, represented County Louth in the British House of Commons and was Auditor-General of the Exchequer in Ireland. In 1821 he was created Baron Clanbrassil, of Hyde Hall in the County of Hertford and Dundalk in the County of Louth, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom,[3] which gave him and his descendants an automatic seat in the House of Lords. This was a revival of the Clanbrassil title held by his ancestors the Earls of Clanbrassil. Lord Roden was a leading figure in the Protestant Second Reformation. His grandson, the fourth Earl, Viscount Jocelyn's son served in the second Conservative administration of Benjamin Disraeli as a Lord-in-Waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) from 1874 to 1880.

He died at an early age and was succeeded by his uncle, the fifth Earl. When he died in 1897 the barony of Clanbrassil became extinct. He was succeeded in the Irish titles by his first cousin, the sixth Earl. He was the son of the Hon. John Jocelyn, fourth son of the second Earl. On his death the titles were inherited by his younger brother, the seventh Earl. His son, the eighth Earl, sat in the House of Lords as an Irish Representative Peer between 1919 and 1956. As of 2014 the titles are held by his grandson, the tenth Earl, who succeeded his father in 1993.

The Jocelyn Baronetcy, of Hyde Hall in the County of Hertford, was created in the Baronetage of England in 1665 for Robert Jocelyn. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Baronet. This line of the family failed on the death of his younger son, the fourth Baronet, in 1778. The late Baronet was succeeded by his first cousin once removed, the first Earl of Roden.

Descendants of the Earls of Roden are also known to be living in the area of Beechlawn, Coolock on the northside of Dublin. The Earls of Roden were associated with the County Louth town of Dundalk for over three centuries, and in July 2006 sold the freehold of the town by auction.[4]

The family seat was Hyde Hall, near Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire and Tollymore Park, near Bryansford, County Down.

Viscounts Jocelyn (1755)

Earls of Roden (1771)

The heir apparent is the present holder's only son Shane Robert Henning Jocelyn, Viscount Jocelyn (born 1989).

Jocelyn Baronets, of Hyde Hall (1665)

see above for further holders

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "No. 9529". The London Gazette. 18 November 1755. p. 1. 
  2. ^ "No. 11196". The London Gazette. 16 November 1771. p. 3. 
  3. ^ "No. 17724". The London Gazette. 14 July 1821. p. 1461. 
  4. ^ Fiona Gartland, Freehold of Dundalk sold at auction' in The Irish Times dated July 22, 2006

References

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Strange Jocelyn, 5th Earl of Roden
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