Earl of Cottenham

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Earl of Cottenham
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of the Earl of Cottenham
Arms: Sable, on a Bend Or, between two Nag’s Heads erased Argent, three Fleurs-de-lis Sable. Crest: A Camel’s Head erased Or, bridled and gorged with a Ducal Coronet Sable. Supporters: On either side a Horse Argent, bridled and gorged with a Ducal Coronet Sable, pendent therefrom an Escutcheon Or, charged with a Fleur-de-lis Sable.
Creation date 11 June 1850
Monarch Queen Victoria
Peerage Peerage of the United Kingdom
First holder Charles Pepys, 1st Earl of Cottenham
Present holder Mark Pepys, 9th Earl of Cottenham
Heir presumptive Hon. Sam Pepys
Remainder to the 1st Earl’s heirs male of the body legally begotten
Subsidiary titles Viscount Crowhurst
Baron Cottenham
Baronet ‘of Brook Street’
Baronet ‘of Wimpole Street’
Armorial motto MENS CUJUSQUE IS EST QUISQUE
(Each man’s character is his true self)
Charles Christopher Pepys,
1st Earl of Cottenham

Earl of Cottenham (/ˈkɒtənəm/), of Cottenham in the County of Cambridge, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1850 for the prominent lawyer and Whig politician Charles Pepys, 1st Baron Cottenham.[1] /ˈpɛpɪs/)[n 1][2] He served as Lord Chancellor from 1836 to 1841 and from 1846 to 1850. Pepys had already been created Baron Cottenham, of Cottenham in the County of Cambridge, in 1836,[3] and was made Viscount Crowhurst, of Crowhurst in the County of Surrey, at the same time he was given the earldom. These titles are also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The viscountcy is used as a courtesy title for the Earl's eldest son and heir apparent.

In 1845 Lord Cottenham succeeded his elder brother as third Baronet, of Wimpole Street, and in 1849 he also succeeded his cousin as fourth Baronet, of Brook Street, according to a special remainder in the letters patent. The Baronetcy, of Wimpole Street, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1801 for Lord Cottenham's father William Pepys, a Master in Chancery.[4] The Baronetcy, of Brook Street, was created in the Baronetage of Great Britain in 1784 for Lucas Pepys.[5] As of 2010 the titles are held by the first Earl's great-great-great-grandson, the ninth Earl, who succeeded his father in 2000.

The title of the earldom is derived from the village of Cottenham in Cambridgeshire, birthplace of John Pepys, ancestor of the first Earl, and great-uncle of Samuel Pepys the diarist. Another member of the Pepys family was Henry Pepys, third son of Sir William Pepys, 1st Baronet, and younger brother of the first Earl. He was Bishop of Worcester from 1841 to 1860.

The family seat is Priory Manor, near Kington St Michael, Wiltshire.

Pepys baronets, of Wimpole Street (1801)

Earls of Cottenham (1850)

The heir presumptive is the present holder's brother, Hon. Sam Richard Pepys (born 1986)

Pepys baronets, of Brook Street (1784)

see Earls of Cottenham for further succession

Notes and citations

Citations
  1. ^ "No. 21101". The London Gazette. 4 June 1850. p. 1568.
  2. ^ per Debretts Peerage, 1968, p.287
  3. ^ "No. 19348". The London Gazette. 19 January 1836. p. 100.
  4. ^ "No. 15372". The London Gazette. 2 June 1801. p. 619.
  5. ^ "No. 12502". The London Gazette. 20 December 1783. p. 1.
  6. ^ "History of roadcraft". [permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Obituary: The Earl of Cottenham". Daily Telegraph. 26 Oct 2000.
Notes
  1. ^ Pronounced "peppis", not "peeps" in this branch of the family. Gillian Avery: Introduction. In: The Journal of Emily Pepys (London: Prospect Books, 1984. ISBN 0-907325-24-6), p. 11.

References

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Charles Edward Pepys, 2nd Earl of Cottenham
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by William John Pepys, 3rd Earl of Cottenham
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Kenelm Charles Edward Pepys, 4th Earl of Cottenham
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Kenelm Charles Francis Pepys, 5th Earl of Cottenham
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Mark Everard Pepys, 6th Earl of Cottenham
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Digby Thomas Pepys, 7th Earl of Cottenham
  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Kenelm Charles Everard Digby Pepys, 8th Earl of Cottenham
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