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Location of Kalimantan (Indonesia) in Borneo Island
Location of Kalimantan (Indonesia) in Borneo Island
Country  Indonesia
Province  West Kalimantan
 Central Kalimantan
 South Kalimantan
 East Kalimantan
 North Kalimantan
Largest Cities Balikpapan
 • Total 544,150.07 km2 (210,097.52 sq mi)
2,278 m (7,474 ft)
 (June 2017)
 • Total 15,894,524
 • Density 29/km2 (76/sq mi)
Time zones UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
UTC+8 (Indonesia Central Time)
ISO 3166 code ID-KA
Vehicle sign DA
HDI Increase 0.708 (High)
Map of Kalimantan (light colour) and its component provinces.

Kalimantan is the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo.[1] It comprises 73% of the island's area. The non-Indonesian parts of Borneo are Brunei and East Malaysia. In Indonesia, "Kalimantan" refers to the whole island of Borneo.[1] In 2019, the Indonesian President Joko Widodo proposed that Indonesia's capital be moved to Kalimantan.[2]


The name Kalimantan, which is often spelled Klemantan, was derived from the Sanskrit word Kalamanthana, which means "burning weather island", or island with a very hot temperature, to describe its hot and humid tropical climate. It consists of the two words kal[a] (time, season, period) and manthan[a] (boiling, churning, burning). The word Kalamanthana is spelled Kalmantan, and then the indigenous people fixed it into Klemantan.[3]


The Indonesian territory makes up 73% of the island by area, and 69.5% (13,772,543 at the 2010 Census of Indonesia) by population. The non-Indonesian parts of Borneo are of Brunei (400,000) and East Malaysia (5,625,000), the latter comprising the states of Sabah, Sarawak and the federal territory of Labuan. The region within Indonesia is also known as Indonesian Borneo.

Kalimantan's total area is 544,150 square kilometres (210,097 sq mi).[4]


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1971 5,154,774 —    
1980 6,723,086 +30.4%
1990 9,099,874 +35.4%
1995 10,470,843 +15.1%
2000 11,331,558 +8.2%
2005 12,541,554 +10.7%
2010 14,297,069 +14.0%
2015 15,320,017 +7.2%

Kalimantan is divided into five provinces. There were four provinces until 25 October 2012, when North Kalimantan was split off from East Kalimantan.

Provinces of Kalimantan
Province Area (km2) Population (2005C) Pop. (2010C) Pop. (2015C prelim) Pop. density/km2 Provincial capital Largest metro
West Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Barat)
147,307.00 4,042,817 4,393,239 4,783,209 32.5 Pontianak Pontianak
Central Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Tengah)
153,564.50 1,913,026 2,202,599 2,490,178 16.2 Palangkaraya Palangkaraya
South Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Selatan)
38,744.23 3,271,413 3,626,119 3,984,315 102.8 Banjarmasin Banjarmasin
East Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Timur)
129,067 2,840,874 3,550,586 3,422,676* 26.5 Samarinda Balikpapan
North Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Utara)
71,176.72 473,424 524,526 639,639 8.5 Tanjung Selor Tarakan
Total 544,150.07 12,541,554 14,297,069 15,320,017 28 - Banjarmasin

* North Kalimantan split off East Kalimantan with resulting population and area loss for 2015 census.

See also


  1. ^ a b "Kalimantan". Britannica. Retrieved 2008-02-26.
  2. ^ "Indonesia president proposes to move capital to Borneo". Reuters. 2019-08-16. Retrieved 2019-08-16.
  3. ^ "Central Kalimantan Province". archipelago fastfact. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  4. ^ "Indonesia General Info". Geohive.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
  5. ^ "Penduduk Indonesia menurut Provinsi 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 dan 2010". Archived from the original on 2013-07-01. Retrieved 2013-07-17.

External links

  • Kalimantan travel guide from Wikivoyage
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