Dundee (UK Parliament constituency)

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Dundee
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Major settlements Dundee
18321950
Number of members 1832–1868: One
1868–1950: Two
Replaced by Dundee East
Dundee West

Dundee was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1950, when it was split into Dundee East and Dundee West.

From 1832 to 1868 it elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system, and from 1868 until its abolition for the 1950 general election it elected two MPs using the bloc vote system.

Politics and history of the constituency

Winston Churchill became Member of Parliament for Dundee in a by-election of 1908 soon after losing his Manchester North West seat and retained the seat until 1922.

In 1906, the explorer Ernest Shackleton unsuccessfully ran as a candidate for the Liberal Unionist Party.[1]

Boundaries

The boundaries of the constituency, as set out in the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, were-

"From the Point, on the East of the Town, at which the Shore of the Firth of Tay would be cut by a straight Line to be drawn from the Tower (in Fife) of Mr. Dalgleish of Scotscraig to the Point at which the Stobsmuir Road is joined by the old Road by Stobsmuir and Clepington and the old Craigie Road, in a straight Line to the said Point at which the Stobsmuir Road is joined by the old Road by Stobsmuir and Clepington and the old Craigie Road; thence, Westward, along the old Road by Stobsmuir and Clepington to the Point called Kings Cross, at which the several Boundaries of the Parishes of Dundee, Strathmartin, and Liff meet; thence in a straight Line to a Point on the Liff Road which is distant Twelve hundred Yards (measured along the Liff Road) to the West of the Point at which the Newtyle Road leaves the same; thence in a straight Line drawn due South to the Shore of the Firth of Tay; thence along the Shore of the Firth of Tay to the Point first described."[2]

Members of Parliament

Election Party Member Party Member
1832 Whig George Kinloch 1 seat
until 1868
1833 by-election Whig Sir Henry Parnell
1841 Whig George Duncan
1857 Liberal Sir John Ogilvy
1868 Liberal George Armitstead
1873 by-election Liberal James Yeaman
1874 Liberal Edward Jenkins
1880 Liberal George Armitstead Liberal Frank Henderson
1885 Liberal Charles Lacaita Liberal Edmund Robertson
1888 by-election Liberal Joseph Bottomley Firth
1889 by-election Liberal John Leng
1906 Labour Alexander Wilkie
1908 by-election Liberal Winston Churchill
1922 Labour E. D. Morel Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour
1924 by-election Labour Thomas Johnston
1929 Labour Michael Marcus
1931 Unionist Florence Horsbrugh Liberal Dingle Foot
1945 Labour John Strachey Labour Thomas Cook
1950 Constituency divided. See Dundee East and Dundee West

Election results 1832-1868

General Election 1832: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George Kinloch 852
Whig D C Guthrie 593
Majority 259
Dundee by-election, 1833
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Parnell
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1835: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Parnell
Whig hold Swing
Dundee by-election, 1835
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Parnell
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1837: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Parnell 663
Tory John Gladstone 381
Majority 282
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1841: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George Duncan 577
Whig J B Smith 445
Majority 132
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1847: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George Duncan
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1852: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George Duncan
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1857: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig John Ogilvy 1,092
Whig George Armitstead 847
Majority 145
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1859: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Ogilvy
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1865: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Ogilvy
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1860s

General Election 1868: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Armitstead 7,738
Liberal John Ogilvy 7,661
Liberal J A Guthrie 3,548
Liberal H W Scott 2,085
Majority 4,190
Majority 4,113
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing

Election results 1873-1918

Elections in the 1870s

Dundee by-election, 1873
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Yeaman 5,297
Liberal Edward Jenkins 4,010
Liberal J F Stephens 1,086
Majority 1,287
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1874: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Yeaman 6,595
Liberal Edward Jenkins 6,048
Liberal John Ogilvy 4,401
Liberal John Meiklejohn 2,231
Conservative J A L Gloag 573
Majority 2,194
Majority 1,647
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1880: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Armitstead 9,168
Liberal Frank Henderson 6,750
Conservative James Yeaman 4,993
Majority 4,975
Majority 1,757
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1885: Dundee (2 seats)[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Lacaita 8,261 30.7
Liberal Edmund Robertson 7,187 26.7
Independent Liberal Alexander Hay Moncur 6,279 23.4
Conservative Edward Jenkins 5,149 19.2
Majority 908 3.3
Turnout 83.9
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1886: Dundee (2 seats)[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edmund Robertson 8,236 35.3 +8.6
Liberal Charles Lacaita 8,216 35.2 +4.5
Liberal Unionist Brinsley de Courcy Nixon 3,545 15.2 -4.0
Liberal Unionist Henry Daly 3,346 14.3 n/a
Majority 4,671 20.0 n/a
Turnout 68.3 -14.6
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing +5.3
J-f-b-firth-1880.jpg
Dundee by-election, 1888[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Bottomley Firth 7,856 65.1 n/a
Liberal Unionist Henry Daly 4,217 34.9 n/a
Majority 3,639 30.2 n/a
Turnout 72.7 +4.4
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Dundee by-election, 1889 [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Leng Unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s

Leng
General Election 1892: Dundee (2 seats) [3][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Leng 8,484 30.5 n/a
Liberal Edmund Robertson 8,191 29.5 n/a
Conservative William Dalgleish 5,659 20.4 n/a
Liberal Unionist William Charles Smith 5,066 18.3 n/a
Scottish Trades Councils Labour James MacDonald 354 1.3 n/a
Majority 2,532 9.1 n/a
Turnout 77.0 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Robertson
General Election 1895: Dundee (2 seats) [3][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edmund Robertson 7,602 29.0 n/a
Liberal John Leng 7,592 28.9 n/a
Liberal Unionist William Charles Smith 5,390 20.6 n/a
Conservative Edward Jenkins 4,318 16.5 n/a
Ind. Labour Party James MacDonald 1,313 5.0 n/a
Majority 2,202 8.3 n/a
Turnout 74.9 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s

Robertson
General Election 1900: Dundee (2 seats) [3][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edmund Robertson 7,777 30.2 +1.2
Liberal John Leng 7,650 29.7 +0.8
Conservative Alexander Duncan Smith 5,181 20.1 +3.6
Liberal Unionist J.E. Graham 5,152 20.0 −0.6
Majority 2,469 9.6 +1.3
Turnout 69.5 −5.4
Registered electors 18,655
Liberal hold Swing −1.2
Liberal hold Swing −1.4
Wilkie
Shackleton
General Election 1906: Dundee (2 seats)[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edmund Robertson 9,276 31.7 +1.5
Labour Alexander Wilkie 6,833 23.3 N/A
Liberal Henry Robson 6,122 20.9 −8.8
Liberal Unionist Ernest Shackleton 3,865 13.2 −6.8
Conservative Alexander Duncan Smith 3,183 10.9 −9.2
Turnout 29,279 81.9 +12.4
Registered electors 19,492
Majority 5,411 18.5 +8.9
Liberal hold Swing +4.2
Majority 711 2.4 N/A
Labour gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Stuart
Dundee by-election, 1908[3][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Winston Churchill 7,079 43.9 −8.7
Liberal Unionist George Baxter 4,370 27.1 −3.0
Labour G. H. Stuart-Bunning 4,014 24.9 +1.6
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 655 4.1 N/A
Majority 2,709 16.8 −1.7
Turnout 16,138 84.6 +2.7
Registered electors 19,041
Liberal hold Swing −2.9

Elections in the 1910s

Churchill
General Election Jan 1910: Dundee (2 seats) [8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Winston Churchill 10,747 34.1 −18.5[n 1]
Labour Alexander Wilkie 10,365 32.9 +9.6
Conservative John Hall Seymour Lloyd 4,552 14.4 +3.5
Liberal Unionist James Glass 4,339 13.8 +0.6
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1,512 4.8 N/A
Turnout 86.1 +4.2
Registered electors 19,374
Majority 6,195 19.7 +1.2
Liberal hold
Majority 5,813 18.5 +16.1
Labour hold
  1. ^ Compared to combined Liberal vote at 1906 election
General Election Dec 1910: Dundee (2 seats) [8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Winston Churchill 9,240 30.1 −4.0
Labour Alexander Wilkie 8,957 29.3 −3.6
Liberal Unionist George Baxter 5,685 18.6 +4.8
Conservative John Hall Seymour Lloyd 4,914 16.0 +1.6
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1,825 6.0 +1.2
Turnout 84.1 −2.0
Registered electors 19,118
Majority 3,555 11.5 −8.2
Liberal hold
Majority 3,272 10.7 −7.8
Labour hold
Dundee by-election, 1917 [10][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Winston Churchill 7,302 78.2 +58.1
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 2,036 21.8 +15.8
Majority 5,266 56.4 +44.9
Turnout 9,338 42.5 −41.6
Registered electors 21,953
Liberal hold Swing +21.2
General Election 1918: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal Winston Churchill 25,788 37.5 +7.4
Labour Alexander Wilkie 24,822 36.1 +6.8
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 10,423 15.1 +9.1
Labour James Sunney Brown 7,769 11.3 N/A
Turnout 46.6 −37.5
Majority 15,365 22.4 +10.9
Liberal hold
Majority 14,399 21.0 +10.3
Labour hold
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Election results 1922-1945

Elections in the 1920s

Pilkington
General Election 1922: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 32,578 27.6 +12.5
Labour E. D. Morel 30,292 25.6 -10.5
National Liberal David Johnstone MacDonald 22,244 18.8 n/a
National Liberal Winston Churchill 20,466 17.3 -20.2
Liberal Robert Pilkington 6,681 5.7 n/a
Communist Willie Gallacher 5,906 5.0 n/a
Majority 10,334 8.8
Majority 8,048 6.8
Turnout 80.5
Scottish Prohibition gain from National Liberal Swing
Labour hold Swing
Gallacher
General Election 1923: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 25,753 25.1 -2.5
Labour E. D. Morel 23,345 22.7 -2.9
Liberal John Pratt 23,031 22.4 +16.7
Unionist Frederick William Wallace 20,253 19.7 n/a
Communist Willie Gallacher 10,380 10.1 +5.1
Majority 2,722 2.7
Majority 314 0.3
Turnout 72.5 -8.0
Scottish Prohibition hold Swing
Labour hold Swing
Morel
General Election 1924: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour E. D. Morel 32,846 26.5 +3.8
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 29,193 23.5 -1.6
Unionist Frederick William Wallace 28,118 22.7 +3.0
Liberal A R Duncan 25,566 20.6 -1.8
Communist Bob Stewart 8,340 6.7 -3.4
Majority 4,728 3.8
Majority 1,075 0.8
Turnout 83.8
Labour hold Swing
Scottish Prohibition hold Swing
Dundee by-election, 1924
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Johnston 22,973 69.2
Liberal Ernest Simon 10,234 30.8
Majority 12,739 38.4
Turnout 33,207 42.4 -41.4
Labour hold Swing
Henderson-Stewart
General Election 1929: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 50,073 29.2 +5.7
Labour Michael Marcus 47,602 27.7 +1.2
Liberal James Henderson-Stewart 33,890 19.8 -0.8
Unionist Frederick William Wallace 33,868 19.7 -3.0
Communist Bob Stewart 6,160 3.6 -3.1
Majority 16,183 9.4
Majority 13,712 7.9
Turnout 82.5 -1.3
Scottish Prohibition hold Swing
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1931: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Dingle Foot 52,048 29.6
Unionist Florence Horsbrugh 48,556 27.7
Labour Michael Marcus 32,573 18.6
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 32,229 18.3
Communist Bob Stewart 10,264 5.8
Majority 19,475 11.0
Majority 15,983 9.1
Turnout 84.8
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
Unionist gain from Scottish Prohibition Swing
General Election 1935: Dundee (2 seats) [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Florence Horsbrugh 50,542 26.8
Liberal Dingle Foot 49,632 26.4
Labour Michael Marcus 44,457 23.6
Labour R. Gibson 43,747 23.2
Majority 6,085 3.2
Majority 5,175 2.8
Turnout 84.7
Unionist hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

Strachey
General Election 1945: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Cook 48,804 28.6
Labour John Strachey 48,393 28.4
Liberal Dingle Foot 33,230 19.5
Unionist Florence Horsbrugh 32,309 18.9
SNP Arthur Donaldson 7,775 4.56
Majority 15,163 8.9
Turnout 79.2
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

Sources

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832 - 1885
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918 - 1949
  • Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1889
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 4)

References

  1. ^ Morrell, Margot; Stephanie Capparell (2003). Shackleton's Way. Nicholas Brealey. p. 32. ISBN 1-85788-318-7. 
  2. ^ Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, Schedule (M).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  4. ^ Hazel, John (1977). John W. Hazel's Book of Records. Dundee: D Winter & Son. p. 48. 
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  6. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ "Winston Churchill heads the poll for Dundee", The Evening Post, 20 January 1910
  8. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  9. ^ a b c Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  10. ^ The Times, 31 July 1917
  11. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
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