Dum Dum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Dum Dum
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
The busy bazaar area at Dum Dum road near the railway station
The busy bazaar area at Dum Dum road near the railway station
Dum Dum is located in Kolkata
Dum Dum
Dum Dum
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°37′N 88°25′E / 22.62°N 88.42°E / 22.62; 88.42Coordinates: 22°37′N 88°25′E / 22.62°N 88.42°E / 22.62; 88.42
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas district
City Kolkata Urban Agglomeration
Area
 • Total 9.23 km2 (3.56 sq mi)
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 114,786
 • Density 12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituency Dum Dum
Vidhan Sabha constituency Dum Dum

Dum Dum is a city with a municipality in Barrackpore subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration.

Etymology

During the 19th century the area was home to the Dum Dum Arsenal, a British Royal Artillery armoury, where, in the early 1890s, Captain Neville Bertie-Clay developed a bullet with the jacket cut away at the tip to reveal its soft lead core (see hollow-point bullet), known informally as a dum-dum,[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] or more correctly as an expanding bullet. The previous name of Dumdum was "Domdoma".

Geography

Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood/ administrative location
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Dum Dum is located at 22°37′N 88°25′E / 22.62°N 88.42°E / 22.62; 88.42.[8] It has an average elevation of 11 metres (36 feet).

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[9]

For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

Police station

Dum Dum police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over Dum Dum and South Dumdum municipal areas.[10][11]

Neighbourhoods

Sodepur, Birati, Sarat Coloney, Bangur Avenue, Lake Town, Tetultola, Patipukur, Paikpara, Dakhshindari, Dum Dum Park, Dakshin Para, Shyamnagar, Baguiati, Keshtopur, Teghoria, Nager Bazaar, Satgachi, Amarpalli, Kshudiram Colony, Nayapatti, Gora Bazaar, Durganagar, Padmapukur, Motijheel, Devinibash, Telipukur, M. M. Ghosh Road, Durgabati, Ajay Nagar, Kalindi, Greenpark, Lichubagan, Laxminagar, Subhas Nagar, Seth Bagan, Lal Bagan, Ghosh Para, Purba Sinthee, Madhugar and Nalta, Private Road, Chatakol, Hanuman Mandir, Fari, Jawpur,Baguiati, Deshbandhunagar and Rajarhat[citation needed]

Historically important places

Historically important places in the locality include:

Demographics

Population

Population of Dum Dum 
Census Pop.
1931 5,350
1941 7,622 42.5%
1951 14,002 83.7%
1961 20,041 43.1%
1971 31,363 56.5%
1981 33,604 7.1%
1991 40,961 21.9%
2001 101,296 147.3%
2011 114,786 13.3%
Source: [12]

As per the 2011 Census of India, Dum Dum had a total population of 114,786, of which 58,566 (51%) were males and 56,220 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 8,259. The total number of literates in Dum Dum was 97,997 (91.99% of the population over 6 years). [13]

As of 2001 India census[14], Dumdum had a population of 102,319. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dumdum has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85% and, female literacy is 78%. In Dumdum, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[15]

Economy

Industry and commerce

Dum Dum has developed into a modern commercial centre and also hosts the Ordnance Factory Dumdum (OFDC) and Gun & Shell Factory Cossipore(GSF) of the Ordnance Factories Board, which manufactures armaments and other equipment for the Indian Armed Forces. Dum Dum region is about 10 km from the city centre, defined as the Esplanade, Kolkata. The nearby localities include Nager Bazar, Motijheel, Ghughu Danga, Private Road, Chatakal, Jawpur, Rajbari and Lal Bagan.

Infrastructure

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Dum Dum municipal city covered an area of 9.23 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had open drains. Amongst the medical facilities It had 13 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities it had 31 primary schools, 10 secondary schools, 19 senior secondary schools, 1 degree college for arts/science/commerce and 77 non-formal education centres. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 10 auditorium/ community halls, 11 public libraries and 1 reading room. Amongst the commodities manufactured were rail wagons, gun and shell, and music CD. It had 6 bank branches.[16]

See also Cities and towns in Barrackpore subdivision

KMDA

Dum Dum municipality is included in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area for which the KMDA is the statutory planning and development authority.[17][18]

Transport

By air

The Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, is located partially in North Dumdum and has traditionally been called the Dum Dum Airport. There are flights to all major cities in India, as well as international flights.

By metro

The Dum Dum metro station is one of the major station in Kolkata Metro Line 1. It was the terminal station of Line 1 till 2013 until recently the line has been extended northwards to include the newly constructed Noapara station, which serves as the terminal point (north). However, the majority of trains still terminate at Dum Dum station, as it is better connected to other regions than Noapara.The upcoming Kolkata Metro Line 4 will also have stations one at Jessore Road near airport gate no.1 and another at Kolkata Airport called Bimanbandar metro station. It will merge with line 1 at Noapara metro station.

By rail

Dum Dum railway station is on the Sealdah–Ranaghat line. It is a major railway junction. 3 lines branches out towards north viz. Shantipur-Krishnanagar Main line, Bongaon-Bashirhat-Hasnabad line and the Calcutta chord line towards Dankuni while 2 lines branches out towards south viz.the one leading towards Bidhanagar Road Railway Station and Sealdah Railway Station while the other towards Park Circus connecting the Sealdah South Lines via Sir Gurudas Banerjee Halt Railway Station bypassing Sealdah Railway Station.The railway station and the metro station are in the same complex. The Circular Railway also terminates at the same station. The other stations in Dum Dum are located at Dum Dum Cantonment and Patipukur.

By road

NH 12 (previously NH 34) starts from Dalkhola and ends at Dum Dum Road, one of the prime routes into the city of Dum Dum. Buses ply both arterial roads: the Jessore Road and the Dum Dum Road.

On Dum Dum Road the bus routes are 30B [Babughat-Gauripur], 202 [Nagerbazar-Science City], DN9 [Chapadali-[Dakshineswar]], Howrah-Nagerbazar Mini, Dankuni-Nagerbazar WBSTC, Rajchandrapur-Salt Lake white bus, S10 [Airport Gate No.1- Nabanna]. On Jessore road there are more routes: 3C/1 [Nagerbazar- Anandapur via APC Road], 3C/2 [Nagerbazae Anandapur via Bidhan Sarani], 30C, 30D [Dum Dum Cantt- Babughat], 30E, 45, 45A, 45B, 47, 47A, 47B, 79B [Barasat-Bagbazar], 91, 91A, 91B, 93, 211A, 215, 215/1, 219, 219/1, 221, 223, KB16, DN8, DN18, Bagbazar-Birohi, S-13, R.G.Kar-Barasat. The minor roads on which buses ply are R.N. Guha Road (30B/1), Birati-Nimta road (237), Laketown connector (221, 223, 30C, 211A, 47, 47A), and Gorabazar-Cantonment Road (30D).

Distances

  • From Airport to Bangur Avenue, 7 km
  • From Airport to Cantonment, 5 km
  • From Airport to Central Jail, 4 km
  • From Airport to Dum Dum Station, 7 km
  • From Airport to Laketown, 8 km
  • From Airport to Nagerbazar, 5 km
  • From Central Kolkata (Esplanade) to Bangur Avenue Jessore Road crossing, approximately 10 km
  • From Central Kolkata (Esplanade) to Laketown Jessore Road crossing, approximately 9 km
  • From Central Kolkata to Airport through VIP Road, approximately 22 km
  • From Central Kolkata to Dum Dum Cantonment, approximately 15 km
  • From Central Kolkata to Dum Dum Station through Central Avenue, BT Road, Chiriamore, approximately 10 km
  • From Howrah railway station (Esplanade) to Nagerbazar, approximately 12 km through Central Avenue, Jessore Road
  • From Subhasnagar to Airport, 5 km

Travel within Dum Dum

There are a plenty of blue private and mini-buses buses available, as well as a few CSTC or WBSTC or CTC buses. Autos are plentiful and can be used for short stretches, for example to travel from Dum Dum Station to Nagerbazar, or Dum Dum Station to Chiriamore. Nagerbazar is the hub of autos where there are 4 routes originates viz: 1) Nagerbazar Dum Dum Junction 2) Nagerbazar Dum Dum Cantt 3) Nagerbazar Airport 1 no. gate 4) Nagerbazar Laketown-Jessore Road Connector

In addition, there are taxis: Nagerbazar and Airport being the largest taxi stands; others are in Birati, Central Jail, Laketown, Bangur, and Kalindi. The Dum Dum Station area does not have many taxis as the area is extremely crowded. The other popular means of travel over short distances is the rickshaw, newly battery operated rickshaws [locally called Totos] can also be seen. Additionally there are magic cars plying to different areas like Dakshineswar, Bali, Barasat, Madhyamgram from Airport Gate No.1

Bus routes

CSTC(WBTC)
Private bus
Mini bus
Routes without numbers

Education

There are five government general colleges in Dum Dum.

  • Dum Dum Arts College
  • Dum Dum Motijheel Science College (renowned college in the locality)
  • Dum Dum Rabindra Mahabidyalay (formerly known as Motijheel Commerce College, located in Chatakal)
  • Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship, established 1893[19]
  • Sarojini Naidu Girls College

There is also a private engineering college: Dr. Sudhir Chandra Sur Degree Engineering College in Surer Math.

Dum Dum Krishna Kumar Hindu Academy at Motijheel.

There are many government sponsored schools, including:

  • Dum Dum K K Hindu Academy
  • Dum Dum Kishore Bharati High School
  • Dum Dum Subhasnagar High School (H.S.)
  • Dum Dum Road Govt Spond. Girls' High School
  • Dum Dum Baidyanath Institution
  • Dum Dum Girls' High School (H.S.)
  • Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Branch) Boys'
  • Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Main) Boys'
  • Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Main) Girls'
  • Dum Dum Motijheel Girls High School
  • Dum Dum Sree Aravinda Vidyamandir
  • Krisnapur Adarsha Vidyamandir, Dum Dum Park
  • KV Cossipore
  • KV Dum Dum ordanance factory
  • Northern Girls'
  • Prachya Banimandir (girls and boys)
  • Prachya High School
  • Rameswar High School
  • Sahid Khudiram High School
  • Seth Bagan Adarsha Vidyamandir
  • Siksha Niketan High School.
  • Adarsh Madhayamik Vidalaya HS -Most popular Hindi school - Dum Dum, RBC Road, South Dum Dum, Kolkata
Private schools
  • Aditya Academy (Nursery-XII)
  • Auxilium Convent School ( Nursery - XII )
  • Calcutta Airport English High School (H.S)
  • Dum Dum Christ Church Girls' High Secondary School(Infant-XII)
  • Howard Memorial English School (Nursery to X)
  • Indira Gandhi Memorial School (Std. I to XII)
  • Seraphim's Public School (Std. I to XII)
  • St. Mary's Orphanage & Day School (Nursery to Std. XII)
  • St. Stephens School (Nursery to Std. XII)
  • Tender Hearts (Nursery to Std. IV)
  • WWA Cossipore English School (Nursery to Std. XII).

Institute

  • Institute of Computer Accountant, Nagerbazaar Dum Dum

See also

Dum Dum picture gallery

References

  1. ^ First world War
  2. ^ India 9
  3. ^ Encyclopedia
  4. ^ Specialist Ammunition Types
  5. ^ 303 British
  6. ^ BBC News
  7. ^ "Dum Dum". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dum Dum
  9. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  10. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  11. ^ "Barrackpore Police Commissionerate". List of Police Stations with telephone numbers. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  12. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  13. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  14. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008. 
  15. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  16. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  17. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authoity, Annual Report 2010-11". 1/1 Kolkata Metropolitan Area Map. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  18. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, Annual Report 2010-11". 1 / 2 Role of KMDA. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  19. ^ Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship

External links

  • Kolkata/Northern fringes travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • http://www.calcuttaairport.com/
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dum_Dum&oldid=847107021"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dum_Dum
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Dum Dum"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA