Duke of Medina Sidonia

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Coat of arms of the Duke of Medina Sidonia

The Duke of Medina Sidonia is a grandee of Spain in Medina-Sidonia, holding the oldest extant dukedom in the kingdom, first awarded by King John II of Castile in 1445.[1] They were once the most prominent magnate family of the Andalusian region, the best-known of whom, Don Alonso de Guzmán El Bueno, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia, commanded the Spanish Armada at the end of the 16th century. The defeat at the hands of weather and the English in 1588 brought disgrace to this family. The House of Medina Sidonia traces its descent to Alonso Pérez de Guzmán.

Counts of Niebla, 1369–1445

From To Count of Niebla
c. 1369 1396 Juan Alonso de Guzmán, 1st Count of Niebla
1396 1436 Enrique Pérez de Guzmán, 2nd Count of Niebla
1436 1468 Juan Alonso de Guzmán, 3rd Count of Niebla

Dukes of Medina Sidonia, 1445–present

The facade of the palace of the Duke of Medina-Sidonia
From To Duke of Medina Sidonia
1445 1468 Juan Alonso de Guzmán, 1st Duke of Medina Sidonia
1468 1492 Enrique de Guzmán, 2nd Duke of Medina Sidonia
1492 1507 Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 3rd Duke of Medina Sidonia
1507 1512 Enrique Pérez de Guzmán, 4th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1512 1549 Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 5th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1549 1559 Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 6th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1559 1615 Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1615 1636 Juan Manuel Pérez de Guzmán, 8th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1636 1664 Gaspar Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán, 9th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1664 1667 Gaspar Juan Pérez de Guzmán, 10th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1667 1713 Juan Claros Pérez de Guzmán, 11th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1713 1721 Manuel Pérez de Guzmán, 12th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1721 1739 Domingo José Claros Pérez de Guzmán, 13th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1739 1779 Pedro de Alcántara Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, 14th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1779 1796 José María Álvarez de Toledo, 15th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1796 1821 Francisco de Borja Álvarez de Toledo, 16th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1821 1867 Pedro de Alcántara Álvarez de Toledo, 17th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1867 1900 José Joaquín Álvarez de Toledo, 18th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1905 1915 José Joaquín Álvarez de Toledo, 19th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1915 1955 Joaquín Álvarez de Toledo, 20th Duke of Medina Sidonia
1955 2008 Luisa Isabel Álvarez de Toledo, 21st Duchess of Medina Sidonia
2008 present Leoncio Alonso González de Gregorio, 22nd Duke of Medina Sidonia

See also


  1. ^ DE MEDINA, Pedro (b. 1503), Crónica de los Duques de Medina Sidonia por el Maestro Pedro de Medina. Manuscrito de 1561 en el Archivo de la Casa Ducal de Medinasidonia, leg. 1316. Colección de Documentos Inéditos para la Historia de España no. XXXIX, 1932. Page 206.

External links

  • Libro d'Oro della Nobilita Mediterranea (in Italian)
  • Grandes de Espana (in Spanish)
  • House of Medina Sidonia Foundation
  • List of Arabic and Spanish names for Iberian cities and places
  • A Silent Minority: Deaf Education in Spain, 1550–1835
  • Library of Congress: Index to the Enciclopedia Heráldica Hispano-Americana of Alberto and Arturo García Carraffa
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