Drenica (river)

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Drenica (Дреница)
Country Kosovo[a]
Physical characteristics
 - location Crnoljeva mountain, northwest of Štimlje, Kosovo
River mouth  
 - location Sitnica, southwest of Kosovo Polje, Kosovo
 - coordinates 43°13′41″N 21°29′18″E / 43.2281°N 21.4883°E / 43.2281; 21.4883Coordinates: 43°13′41″N 21°29′18″E / 43.2281°N 21.4883°E / 43.2281; 21.4883
Length 50 km (31 mi)
Basin features
Progression SitnicaIbarWest MoravaGreat MoravaDanubeBlack Sea
Basin size 447 km2 (173 sq mi)

The Drenica (Serbian Cyrillic: Дреница, Albanian: Drenica) is a river in Kosovo[a], a 50 km-long right tributary to the Sitnica river. It flows entirely within Kosovo and gives its name to the surrounding Drenica region.

The Drenica originates from the central section of the Crnoljeva mountain, in Drenica region. The river originally flows to the north and receives many streams coming down from the Crnoljeva (on the left) and Goleš (from the right) mountains. The composite valley of the river is densely populated, with several large villages (Krajmirovce, Sedlare, Rusinovce, Banjica, Komorane, Donja Koretica, Dobroševac) and a small town of Glogovac, one of two regional centers of Drenica region.

At Glogovac, the Drenica receives the Vrbovačka reka from the left and forms a large elbow turn to the north to the southern slopes of the Čičavica mountain. Near the village of Veliki Belaćevac, the Drenica turns to the south but at the village of Velika Slatina makes another elbow turn to the north, splits in two arms and empties into the Sitnica near the town of Kosovo Polje.

The Drenica belongs to the Black Sea drainage basin, drains an area of 447 km² and it is not navigable.


a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations member states.


  • Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
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