Dot product representation of a graph

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A dot product representation of a simple graph is a method of representing a graph using vector spaces and the dot product from linear algebra. Every graph has a dot product representation.[1][2][3]


Let G be a graph with vertex set V. Let F be a field, and f a function from V to Fk such that xy is an edge of G if and only if f(xf(y) ≥ t. This is the dot product representation of G. The number t is called the dot product threshold, and the smallest possible value of k is called the dot product dimension.[1]



  1. ^ a b c d Fiduccia, Charles M.; Scheinerman, Edward R.; Trenk, Ann; Zito, Jennifer S. (1998), "Dot product representations of graphs", Discrete Mathematics, 181 (1-3): 113–138, doi:10.1016/S0012-365X(97)00049-6, MR 1600755 .
  2. ^ Reiterman, J.; Rödl, V.; Šiňajová, E. (1989), "Embeddings of graphs in Euclidean spaces", Discrete & Computational Geometry, 4 (4): 349–364, doi:10.1007/BF02187736, MR 0996768 .
  3. ^ Reiterman, J.; Rödl, V.; Šiňajová, E. (1992), "On embedding of graphs into Euclidean spaces of small dimension", Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series B, 56 (1): 1–8, doi:10.1016/0095-8956(92)90002-F, MR 1182453 .
  4. ^ Kang, Ross J.; Lovász, László; Müller, Tobias; Scheinerman, Edward R. (2011), "Dot product representations of planar graphs", Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 18 (1): Paper 216, MR 2853073 .
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