Dorohoi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Dorohoi
Municipality
Dorohoi town hall
Dorohoi town hall
Coat of arms of Dorohoi
Coat of arms
Dorohoi is located in Romania
Dorohoi
Dorohoi
Location of Dorohoi
Coordinates: 47°57′35″N 26°23′59″E / 47.95972°N 26.39972°E / 47.95972; 26.39972Coordinates: 47°57′35″N 26°23′59″E / 47.95972°N 26.39972°E / 47.95972; 26.39972
Country  Romania
County Botoșani County
Status Municipality
Government
 • Mayor Dorin Alexandrescu (Social Democrat Party)
Area
 • Total 60.39 km2 (23.32 sq mi)
Population
(2002)
 • Total 31,073
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Website http://www.primariadorohoi.ro

Dorohoi (Romanian pronunciation: [doroˈhoj]) is a city in Botoșani County, Romania, on the right bank of the Jijia River, which broadens into a lake on the north.

History

Dorohoi used to be a market for the timber and farm produce of the north Moldavian highlands; merchants from the neighboring states flocked to its great fair, held on the June 12. The settlement is first mentioned in documents from 1408, where a treaty was signed between Moldavian voievode, Alexandru cel Bun, and the King of Poland and Hungary.

Dorohoi was bombed by the Russians during World War I.[1]

Dorohoi used to be the capital of Dorohoi County, but was degraded to a municipality when Romania lost Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union. On July 1, 1940, units of the Romanian Army attacked local Jews in a pogrom. These military actions against the Jews were not endorsed by the Romanian Government. When the conspiracy against the Jews was discovered by the military command, troops were sent to end the abuse.[2]

Geography

2010 Romanian floods

The northeastern town of Dorohoi witnessed deaths during the night of June 28–29 as floods rose to just over 1 metre/3.3 feet in some places. Several roads into Dorohoi remained either washed away or under water.[3] The heavy rain that had been falling for close to a week had forecasters warning that it would continue in northeast Romania.[3] The unusually heavy rain killed 6 people, most in the town of Dorohoi on the 29th.[4]

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1900 12,701 —    
1912 13,951 +9.8%
1930 15,866 +13.7%
1948 15,036 −5.2%
1956 14,771 −1.8%
1966 16,699 +13.1%
1977 22,161 +32.7%
1992 33,739 +52.2%
2002 31,073 −7.9%
2011 22,600 −27.3%
Source: Census data

According to the census from 2011 there was a total population of 22,600 people living in this city. Of this population, 98.13% are ethnic Romanians, 1.54% ethnic Romani, 0.07% ethnic Jews and 0.02% ethnic Ukrainians.[5]

Jews of Dorohoi

Jews first settled in Dorohoi in the 17th Century. It was set up as a Jewish Guild under Moldavia. Jews suffered here during World War I.

  • There were 600 Jewish families in Dorohoi in 1803.
  • 3,031 people in 1859 (roughly half of the population)
  • 6,804 in 1899 (more than half of the population)
  • 5,800 in 1930s.

The Jewish population actually increased after the Holocaust as a result of refugees settling there. In 1947, there were 7,600 Jews living in Dorohoi. Following the establishment of Israel, the Jewish population of the Dorohoi steadily decreased. In 1956, there were 2,753 Jews. In 1966, there were 1,013. By 2000, there were only 49 Jews left in Dorohoi.

Attractions

In the city there is a church built by Ștefan cel Mare.

Government

The city administers three villages: Dealu Mare, Loturi Enescu and Progresul.

References

  1. ^ Stoica, Vasile (1919). The Roumanian Question: The Roumanians and their Lands. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Printing Company. p. 88.
  2. ^ The Dorohoi Pogrom
  3. ^ a b Romania floods kill 21 - Hindustan Times
  4. ^ 10 dead in Romanian floods | Online news | New Civil Engineer
  5. ^ http://www.edrc.ro/recensamant.jsp?regiune_id=1&judet_id=90&localitate_id=92

External links

  • (in Romanian) Official website
  • Jewish Dorohoi
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dorohoi&oldid=842640929"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorohoi
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Dorohoi"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA