Donets-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic

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Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic
  • Донецко-Криворожская
  • советская республика
Republic within the Russian SFSR
1918
Flag
Map of the territory claimed by the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Republic.
Capital Kharkov, later Luhansk
Languages Russian
Government Soviet Socialist Republic
Chairman of the Sovnarkom Fyodor Sergeyev
Legislature Soviet council
Historical era World War I
 •  Established 12 February 1918
 •  Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 3 March 1918
 •  Incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR 20 March 1918[4]
Currency Ruble
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Russian SFSR
Ukrainian People's Republic
Ukrainian Soviet Republic
Today part of
Part of a series on the
History of Ukraine
Arms of Ukraine
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine portal

The DonetskKrivoy Rog Soviet Republic (Russian: Донецко-Криворожская советская республика) was a self-declared Soviet republic of the Russian SFSR founded on 12 February 1918. The republic claimed "self-determined" territories in the Ukrainian Treaty of Brest-Litovsk; it was founded three days after the government of Ukraine signed the treaty with the Germans, which recognised the borders of the Ukrainian People's Republic, within which the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic was located. On 29 March 1918 it became a republic within the Ukrainian Soviet Republic, where it was merged with the Ukrainian People's Republic of Soviets (capital in Kharkov, founded 25 December 1917) and the Odessa Soviet Republic (founded 1 March 1918), until the last was fully occupied by the German forces.

The Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic claimed the territories south of the neighbouring Ukrainian People's Republic, which included the Donbass, Kharkov, Yekaterinoslav, and part of the Kherson Governorates. In the beginning, the republic's capital was the city of Kharkov, but later with the retreat of the Red Guard it was moved to Luhansk. The Soviet government of Russia supported it as the existence of the state set an anarchy in the region.[clarification needed] The newly created government challenged the authority of the General Secretariat of Ukraine and the People's Secretariat. Some of the commissars held positions as secretaries in another Bolshevik government in Ukraine, the People's Secretariat.

The Republic was disbanded at the second All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets on 20 March 1918 when the independence of Soviet Ukraine was announced. It failed to achieve recognition, either internationally or by the Russian SFSR and in accordance with the March Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was abolished.

The legacy of the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic was revived during the War in Donbass that began in 2014. On 5 February 2015, the legislature of the unrecognised separatist Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) adopted a memorandum declaring the DPR to be the legal successor to the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic, with Artyom as its founding father.[5] The flag of the Donetsk People's Republic is claimed by the separatist authorities to be based on the flag of Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic. However, there is no proof of any such flag in 1918. The current flag is most likely based on Interdvizheniye Donbasa, an organisation whose roots started only in August 1989, in a lecture theatre of Donetsk University.[1]

Government

After a government crisis and resignation of Vasilchenko, Zhakov and Filov on 29 March 1918, the Sovnarkom relocated from Kharkiv to Luhansk.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ A black-blue-red tricolour has widely been attributed to the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Republic, and is used by organisations such as the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic. There is no historical record of this flag having been used in 1918, however, and the tricolour is believed to have originated with the International Movement for Donbass in the 1980s.[1][2][3]

References

  1. ^ a b Edwards, Maxim (9 June 2014). "Symbolism of the Donetsk People's Republic". openDemocracy. Retrieved 3 June 2017. But Vladimir Kornilov, the world's leading – and only – specialist on the short-lived state (and author of The Assassinated Dream, a book on its history), does not agree. ... The myths that grew around the Republic, [Kornilov] added, led to distorted views of its history, and 'pictures of some flag which was never actually used.' In fact, the flag used by the Donetsk People's Republic is, with alterations, that of the International Movement for Donbas or the Interdvizheniye Donbasa, an organisation whose roots started only in August 1989, in a lecture theatre of Donetsk University. 
  2. ^ Novikova, Galina (24 April 2014). 'Донецкая республика' существовала еще при Ющенко ['Donetsk Republic' existed even prior Yushchenko]. Komsomolskaya Pravda (in Russian). Retrieved 3 June 2017. 
  3. ^ Volynets, Aleksei (15 April 2014). Донецкая республика: мифы и реальность [Donetsk Republic: myths and reality]. Rusplt.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 3 June 2017. 
  4. ^ Soldatenko, Valerii (4–10 December 2004). Донецко-Криворожская республика — иллюзии и практика национального нигилизма [Donets-Krivoy Rog Republic - the illusions and practice of national nihilism]. Zerkalo Nedeli (in Russian) (49 (524)). Archived from the original on 22 September 2007. 
  5. ^ "The DPR became a legal successor of the Donetsk-Krivoy-Rog Republic". novorossia.today. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2017. 

External links

  • Donets–Kryvyi Rih Soviet Republic, article from the Encyclopedia of Ukraine
  • Terin, Yuriy (29 November 2004). "Donbass will remain free". Agentstvo Politicheskikh Novostey (in Russian). Retrieved 2007-05-15. 
  • Infodon: DKR prehistoryFormation of the DKREnd of the DKR (in Russian)
  • Ukrainian SSR (at narod.ru) (in Russian)
  • Hrabovskiy, Serhiy And again the "PISUAR". Newspaper Den. 8 April 2014. (in Ukrainian)

Coordinates: 49°54′00″N 36°18′00″E / 49.9000°N 36.3000°E / 49.9000; 36.3000

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