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Donald Trump in popular culture

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Donald Trump, the current President of the United States, has attracted considerable media attention during his career as businessman and politician, inspiring numerous parodies and satirizations in popular culture. Trump has been represented in popular culture since the 1980s, including cameo appearances on film and television.

Art

In 1989, Ralph Wolfe Cowan painted a portrait of Trump called The Visionary, which hangs in Trump's Palm Beach residence of Mar-a-Lago.[1]

During the 2016 election, various artworks was made to satirize Donald Trump. These include Make Everything Great Again, a street art mural by Dominykas Čečkauskas and Mindaugas Bonanu depicting Trump French kissing Vladimir Putin, President of Russia,[2] and The Emperor Has No Balls, a series of sculptures depicting a nude Trump by the anarchist collective Indecline.[3] Cuban artist Edel Rodriguez painted a series of anti-Trump artworks for various magazines including Time Magazine and Der Spiegel.[4] Illma Gore also created a piece titled Make America Great Again, which depicted Trump naked. The artwork was censored on social media sites, delisted from eBay and refused by galleries in the United States due to security concerns. It attracted bids of over £100,000 after going on display at Maddox Gallery in Mayfair, London, although the artist was anonymously threatened with legal action.[5]

Comics

Since 1986, he has been depicted in the Doonesbury comic strip by Garry Trudeau,[6][7] prompting an unfavorable response from Trump.[8] In 2016, the Trump-strips were released as a paperback, Yuge!: 30 Years of Doonesbury on Trump.[9] Trump was also depicted in Berkeley Breathed's long-running political cartoon strip, Bloom County, since 1989 where his brain was placed inside the body of Bill the Cat after being hit by an anchor on his yacht, Trump Princess.[10][11]

During the 2016 election, various comic artists satirized Trump and his campaign.[12][13] For example, following Pepe the Frog's association to the Trump campaign and the alt-right, Matt Furie published a satirical take of his appropriation on The Nib.[14][15]

Films

Trump played himself as the Plaza Hotel owner in a cameo appearance in the 1992 movie Home Alone 2: Lost in New York.[16] He also appeared as a guest in many films and series such as: The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, The Job, Suddenly Susan, Sex and the City, The Drew Carey Show, Two Weeks Notice, Spin City, The Nanny, The Associate, The Little Rascals, Zoolander, and Eddie.[17]

Plans for a film based on The Art of the Deal were announced in 1988,[18] but has not yet been produced.[19]

Another film, Trump: What's The Deal?, was screened twice in New York in July 1991,[20] but was not publicly released until it became available on the Internet in 2015.[21][22] In 2005, ABC aired Trump Unauthorized, a biographical television film starring Justin Louis as Trump.[23][24] Although Trump was not involved with the film, he considered it a "great compliment", despite previously threatening to sue the filmmakers if it contained inaccuracies.[25]

You've Been Trumped (2011), a documentary film by Anthony Baxter, follows Trump's efforts to develop a Scottish golf resort.[26][27][28] When it was announced that the documentary was to premiere on BBC Two television in the UK, on October 21, 2012,[29] Trump's lawyers contacted the BBC to demand that the film should not be shown, saying that it was defamatory and misleading. The screening went ahead, with the BBC defending the decision and stating that Trump had refused the opportunity to take part in the film.[30] He appeared with Rudy Giuliani in his documentary Giuliani Time.

In 2016, Funny or Die released a parody film called Donald Trump's The Art of the Deal: The Movie with Johnny Depp portraying Trump.[31]

Literature

A parody of Trump is the main villain in the 1992 The Destroyer novel Ghost in the Machine.[32][33]

Andrew Shaffer's satirical book, The Day of the Donald (2016), imagines Trump winning the election and discusses his second year as America's 45th president.[34]

Music

Since the 1980s, Donald Trump's wealth and lifestyle have been a fixture of hip hop lyrics,[35] his name being quoted by more than 50 artists.[36]

In 2011, rapper Mac Miller released his "Donald Trump" song about rising to Trump-level riches, which became a Billboard hit.[35] The billionaire subsequently requested royalties for using his name, starting a feud with Miller.[37]

Television

Since 1988, Trump and members of his family have been parodied on Saturday Night Live (SNL), and he has hosted the show twice, in April 2004 and November 2015.[38][39] On SNL, Trump has been impersonated by several people, including Phil Hartman, Darrell Hammond and Alec Baldwin.

Describing the March 2000 The Simpsons episode "Bart to the Future" as "a warning to America", writer Dan Greaney said in March 2016: "What we needed was for Lisa to have problems beyond her fixing, that everything went as bad as it possibly could, and that's why we had Trump be president before her. That just seemed like the logical last stop before hitting bottom. It was consistent with the vision of America going insane".[40] In an interview with TMZ on May 2016, Matt Groening thought that it was unlikely that Donald Trump will become the president of the United States.[41] After Donald Trump won the 2016 election, the Simpsons used the phrase "Being Right Sucks" in a chalkboard gag for the episode "Havana Wild Weekend".[42]

Trump hosted the game show The Apprentice and its spin-off The Celebrity Apprentice between 2004 and 2015. Further tv-projects have at times been announced and cancelled, such as Trump Tower (Showtime in 1998 and Lifetime in 2008),[43] The Tower and Trump Takeover.[43]

In February 2005, a parody of Trump ("Donald Grump") appeared on Sesame Street.[44][45]

In April 2011, Trump attended the White House Correspondents' Dinner, featuring comedian Seth Meyers. President Barack Obama used the occasion to present several prepared jokes mocking Trump. Retrospectively, Trump claimed "I didn't feel humiliated, I had a great time. So the press is very dishonest, they don't report the truth and therefore it's just easier not to go."[46][47]

A parody of Trump is president of Canada in a 2015 episode of South Park, Where My Country Gone?.[48][49] In later episodes Mr. Garrison changes into a more Trump-like persona.[50][51]

On February 28, 2016, Trump was the subject of a segment of Last Week Tonight with John Oliver that was named after him. The segment, hosted by comedian John Oliver, was critical of Trump.[52][53][54] Trump was again featured in two later John Oliver segments, one regarding Trump's plans for a border wall on May 20,[55][56] and another regarding Trump University.[57]

On The Late Show with Stephen Colbert, Stephen Colbert frequently features a caricature of Trump, called "Cartoon Donald Trump". Colbert's reasoning for including a cartoon version of Trump is because he felt like that Trump had resorted to "almost cartoonish tactics".[58] Meanwhile, on Jimmy Kimmel Live!, host Jimmy Kimmel wrote two Dr. Seuss-like books: Winners aren't Losers and its sequel Winners Still Aren't Losers. Both of these books were featured when Trump was the guest star. On the show, Kimmel would read it out loud to Trump, having Trump read the last word on both occasions.[59][60]

Vic Berger, a frequent collaborator for the comedy duo Tim & Eric, created a series of Trump related videos for Super Deluxe. Each of these videos remix various Trump debate appearances with air horns and crowds chanting Trump's name.[61][62][63]

The 2016 Blackpills web series You Got Trumped: The First 100 Days takes a darkly comic look at what President Donald J. Trump's first one hundred days in office would look like. The series stars John Di Domenico as Trump and Ron Sparks as Chris Christie, his whipping boy.[64]

The President Show, starring Anthony Atamanuik as Trump and Peter Grosz as Mike Pence, debuted on Comedy Central on April 27, 2017.[65]

Hair

Trump's hairstyle

Trump's hairstyle has been mentioned frequently by the media. His hairstyle has been described as a comb-over, although there is no evidence that Trump has been hiding a bald spot and he has maintained a similar hairstyle since the 1970s.[66]

In 2004, the Chicago Tribune wrote that Trump is "known for his gaudy casinos and unusual mane of copper hair."[67] David Letterman made a joke about Trump's hair in 2008, likening it to a chihuahua.[68] During a 2011 interview with Rolling Stone, Trump said, "I get a lot of credit for comb-overs. But it's not really a comb-over. It's sort of a little bit forward and back. I've combed it the same way for years. Same thing, every time."[69] A gallery of photographs depicting Trump's hairstyle across four decades was published in 2015.[70] In various late-night talk shows and interviews, Trump's hair has humorously been suggested to be a wig, so he has let the interviewers touch his hair[71] to verify its authenticity.[72][73]

In early 2011, Vanity Fair predicted that Trump would run for president in 2012,[74] and did a series of pieces satirically comparing the birther controversy over the authenticity of incumbent president Obama's short-form birth certificate to a hypothetical 'balders' controversy over the authenticity of Trump's hair.[75][76][77] In a June 2015 speech for his 2016 presidential campaign, Trump said he would change his hair style if he were elected.[78] Vanity Fair published two claymation videos making fun of Trump's anthropomorphized hair in late 2015.[79][80]

In 2009, singer Kacey Jones released a song titled "Donald Trump's Hair",[81] which reached #1 on ReverbNation's comedy charts.[82]

See also

References

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