Domkol subdivision

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Domkol subdivision
Subdivision
Domkol subdivision is located in West Bengal
Domkol subdivision
Domkol subdivision
Domkol subdivision is located in India
Domkol subdivision
Domkol subdivision
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 24°07′N 88°33′E / 24.12°N 88.55°E / 24.12; 88.55Coordinates: 24°07′N 88°33′E / 24.12°N 88.55°E / 24.12; 88.55
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Murshidabad
Established 14 December 1999
Headquarters Domkol
Area
 • Total 837.88 km2 (323.51 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 996,443
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB
Website wb.gov.in

Domkol subdivision is an administrative subdivision of Murshidabad district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Overview

The Bhagirathi River splits the Murshidabad district into two natural physiographic regions – Rarh on the west and Bagri on the east. Domkol subdivision lies in the Raninagar plain at the north-eastern corner of the Bagri region. The Raninagar plain lies between the Jalangi and Bhairab rivers. It is a low-lying area and is characterized by the nature of inundation along with many swamps. The Padma River separates Murshidabad district from Malda district and Chapai Nawabganj and Rajshahi districts of Bangladesh in the north.[1][2]

Geography

Subdivisions

Murshidabad district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[3]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Barhampur Baharampur 1,195.57 1,725,525 80.15 19.85
Kandi Kandi 1,200.76 1,155,645 93.21 6.79
Jangipur Jangipur 1,097.82 1,972,308 56.43 43.57
Lalbag Murshidabad 1019.10 1,253,886 92.36 7.64
Domkol Domkol 837.88 996,443 97.55 2.45
Murshidabad district 5,324.00 7,103,807 80.28 19.72

Administrative units

Domkol subdivision has 4 police stations, 4 community development blocks, 4 panchayat samitis, 38 gram panchayats, 240 mouzas, 203 inhabited villages and 2 census towns. The census towns are: Islampur and Harharia Chak. The subdivision has its headquarters at Domkol.[4][5]

Police stations

Police stations in Domkol subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[6][7]

Police station Area covered
km2
India-Bangladesh
border km
Municipal town CD Block
Domkal n/a - - Domkal
Jalangi n/a n/a - Jalangi
Islampur n/a - - Raninagar I
Raninagar n/a n/a - Raninagar II

Murshidabad district has a 125.35 km long international border with Bangladesh of which 42.35 km is on land and the remaining is riverine.[8]

There are reports of Bangladeshi infiltrators entering Murshidabad district.[9][10] An estimate made in 2000 places the total number of illegal Bangladeshi immigrants in India at 1.5 crore, with around 3 lakh entering every year. The thumb rule for such illegal immigrants is that for each illegal person caught four get through. While many immigrants have settled in the border areas, some have moved on, even to far way places such as Mumbai and Delhi. The border is guarded by the Border Security Force.[11]During the UPA government, Sriprakash Jaiswal, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, had made a statement in Parliament on 14 July 2004, that there were 12 million illegal Bangladeshi infiltrators living in India, and West Bengal topped the list with 5.7 million Bangladeshis. More recently, Kiren Riju, Minister of State for Home Affairs in the NDA government has put the figure at around 20 million.[12]Critics point out that the Bengali politicians, particularly those from the ruling Trinamool Congress and the CPI (M), believe that a soft approach to the problem help them to win Muslim votes.[13]

Blocks

Community development blocks in Domkol subdivision are:[14][15]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Muslims % Hindus % Decadal
Growth Rate
2001-2011 %
Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Domkal Domkal 305.19 363,976 2.61 0.33 89.69 10.16 16.78 63.90 -
Jalangi Sahebrampur, Jalangi 210.63 252,477 12.61 1.16 73.27 26.57 17.11 67.35 -
Raninagar I Kasbagoas 146.93 189,105 7.56 0.26 81.69 18.20 22.31 67.25 2
Raninagar II Raninagar 175.13 190,885 11.62 0.29 80.78 19.03 22.34 63.60 -

Gram Panchayats

The subdivision contains 38 gram panchayats under 4 community development blocks:[16]

  • Domkal CD Block - Ajimganjgola, Garaimari, Juginda, Sarangpur, Bhagirathpur, Garibpur, Juranpur, Dhulauri, Ghoramara, Madhurkul, Domkal, Jitpur and Raipur.
  • Raninagar–I CD Block - Herampur, Islampurchak, Paharpur, Hurshi, Lochanpur and Tenkaraipur Balumati.
  • Raninagar–II CD Block - Kalinagar–I, Katlamari–II, Rajapur, Kalinagar–II, Malibari–I, Raninagar–I, Katlamari–I, Malibari–II and Raninagar–II.
  • Jalangi - Choapara, Ghoshpara, Khayramari, Sahebnagar, Debipur, Jalangi, Sadikhanderah, Faridpur, Katabari and Sagarpara.

River bank erosion

As of 2013, an estimated 2.4 million people reside along the banks of the Ganges alone in Murshidabad district.[17] The main channel of the Ganges has a bankline of 94 km along its right bank from downstream of Farakka Barrage to Jalangi. Severe erosion occurs all along this bank. The encroaching river wiped out 50 mouzas and engulfed about 10,000 hectares of fertile land. The following blocks have to face the brunt of erosion year after year: Farakka, Samserganj, Suti I, Suti II, Raghunathganj II, Lalgola, Bhagawangola I, Bhagawangola II, Raninagar I, Raninagar II and Jalangi. As per official estimate, till 1992-94 more than 10,000 hectares of chars (flood plain sediment island) have developed in main places, which have become inaccessible from the Indian side but can be reached easily from Bangladesh.[18]

See also - River bank erosion along the Ganges in Malda and Murshidabad districts

Economy

Infrastructure

All inhabited villages in Murshidabad district have power supply.[19]

See the individual block pages for more information about the infrastructure available.

Agriculture

Murshidabad is a predominantly agricultural district. A majority of the population depends on agriculture for a living. The land is fertile. The eastern portion of the Bhagirathi, an alluvial tract, is very fertile for growing Aus paddy, jute and rabi crops. The Kalantar area in the south-eastern portion of the district, is a low lying area with stiff dark clay and supports mainly the cultivation of Aman paddy. The west flank of the Bhagirathi is a lateritic tract insersected by numerous bils and old river beds. It supports the cultivation of Aman paddy, sugar cane and mulberry.[20]

Given below is an overview of the agricultural production (all data in tonnes) for Domkol subdivision, other subdivisions and the Murshidabad district, with data for the year 2013-14.[21]

CD Block/ Subdivision Rice Wheat Jute Pulses Oil seeds Potatoes Sugarcane
Domkal 12,459 39,749 313,768 4,592 3,158 69,013 5,845
Jalangi 27,904 23,144 180,928 6,114 3,591 28,758 15,643
Raninagar I 24,675 26,581 119,818 2,819 13,908 4,285 3,535
Raninagar II 15,861 20,044 115,879 3,230 12,753 15,026 -
Domkol subdivision 80,899 109,518 730,393 16,755 33,410 117,082 25,023
Barhampur subdivision 268,587 109,091 914,791 5,758 35,315 39,914 160,221
Kandi subdivision 487,207 4,157 6,186 4,818 9,355 85,886 106,646
Jangipur subdivision 207,472 45,261 207,425 9,374 12,375 38,197 52,344
Lalbag subdivision 68,034 20,304 427,450 7,809 22,592 40,997 3,295
Murshidabad district 1,112,199 288,331 2,286,245 44,514 113,047 322.076 347,529

Education

Murshidabad district had a literacy rate of 66.59% (for population of 7 years and above) as per the census of India 2011. Barhampur subdivision had a literacy rate of 72.60%, Kandi subdivision 66.28%, Jangipur subdivision 60.95%, Lalbag subdivision 68.00% and Domkal subdivision 68.35%.[22]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Murshidabad district for the year 2013-14:[22]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Non-formal
Education
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Barhampur 728 88,371 107 13,364 37 31,214 92 162,613 7 17,418 11 2,796 2,278 100,164
Kandi 672 66,030 105 11,248 46 32,752 61 87,482 5 7,830 3 400 1,717 74,370
Jangipur 747 144,416 72 14,159 25 30,004 76 194,025 5 15,335 5 500 2,793 160,236
Lalbag 601 72,429 74 8,997 24 22,174 66 120,454 5 13,088 7 759 2,082 93,891
Domkol 432 52,177 73 11,791 22 23,201 47 86,672 3 7,211 11 2,457 1,612 74,330
Murshidabad district 3,180 423,423 431 59,559 154 139,345 342 651,246 25 60,882 37 6,912 10,482 502,991

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[22]

The following institutions are located in Domkal subdivision:

Healthcare

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Murshidabad district.[32]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts
Local
bodies
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors*
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Barhampur 2 2 4 15 3 - - 45 71 1,645 282 149,393 2,094,027
Kandi 1 2 3 17 1 - - 6 30 567 68 85,624 1,005,056
Jangipur 1 1 6 15 - - 2 12 37 590 62 141,427 1,043,548
Lalbag 1 2 3 14 - 1 1 23 45 483 65 105,562 1,154,275
Domkol 1 2 2 9 - - - 19 33 252 44 45,110 802,309
Murshidabad district 6 9 18 70 4 1 3 105 216 2,537 521 527,116 6,099,215

.* Excluding nursing homes

Medical facilities in Domkal subdivision are as follows:
Hospitals: (Name, location, beds)[33]
Domkal Subdivisional Hospital, Domkal, 68 beds

Rural Hospitals : (Name, block, location, beds)[33]
Sadikhan’s Dear Rural Hospital, Jalangi CD Block, Sadikhan’s Dear, 30 beds
Islampur Rural Hospital, Raninagar I CD Block, Islampur, 30 beds
Raninagar (Godhanpara) Rural Hospital, Raninagar II CD Block, Raninagar, 15 beds

Block Primary Health Centres: (Name, block, location, beds)[33]
Bhagirathpur BPHC, Domkol CD Block, Bhagirathpur, 10 beds

Primary Health Centres: (CD Block-wise)(CD Block, PHC location, beds)[33]
Domkal CD Block: Garaimari (4), Jitpur (10)
Jalangi CD Block: Faridpur (4), Sagarpara (10)
Raninagar I CD Block: Hurshi, Maricha (6), Herampur (10)
Raninagar II CD Block: Bilpocha Kobra, Nabipur (6), Katlamari (10)

Electoral constituencies

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Domkal subdivision were as follows: [34]

Lok Sabha constituency Reservation Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Murshidabad None Raninagar None Raninagar I CD Block, Kalinagar I, Kalinagar II, Malibari I, Malibari II and Raninagar I GPs of Raninagar II CD Block and Dhulauri GP of Domkal CD Block
Domkal None Ajimganjgola, Bhagirathpur, Domkal, Garaimari, Garibpur, Ghoramara, Jitpur, Juginda, Juranpur, Madhurkul, Raipur and Sarangpur GPs of Domkal CD Block
Jalangi None Jalangi CD Block, and Katlamari I, Katlamari II, Rajapur and Raninagar II GPs of Raninagar II CD Block
Bhagabangola
in Lalbag subdivision
None Bhagawangola II community development block and Bhagawangola, Habaspur, Hanumantanagar, Kuthirampur, Mahammadpur, Mahisasthali and Sundarpur gram panchayats of Bhagawangola I CD Block
Murshidabad
in Lalbag subdivision
None Murshidabad municipality, Jiaganj Azimganj municipality and Murshidabad-Jiaganj CD Block
Hariharpara
in Barhampur subdivision
None Hariharpara CD Block and Chhaighari and Madanpur GPs of Berhampore CD Block
One assembly segment in Tehatta subdivision of Nadia district

References

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Physiography, Page 13. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "Murshidabad". Geography. Murshidabad district authorities. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad, Tables 2.2, 2.4(a)". Note: At the time of uploading of the revised version of this page the internet version of the District Statistical Handbook had been taken off but there is a print version. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Murshidabad of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  7. ^ "Murshidabad District Police". West Bengal Police. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  8. ^ "Egiye Bangla Murshidabad". Murshidabad district authorities. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  9. ^ "Bangladeshi Infiltration: The Reality Check". The Pioneer. 27 June 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  10. ^ "Report taking shape amid infiltration buzz". The Telegraph. 23 August 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  11. ^ Jamwal, N.S. (January–March 2004). "Border Management: Dilema of Guarding the India-Bangladesh border" (PDF). Strategic Analysis. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  12. ^ "Two crore illegal Bangladeshi living in India: Govt". Business Standard / Press Trust of India. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  13. ^ "Bangladesh infiltrators: Bengal will be eaten up by the Frankenstein it created". One India. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  14. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  15. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  16. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Murshidabad - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  17. ^ "Types and sources of floods in Murshidabad, West Bengal" (PDF). Swati Mollah. Indian Journal of Applied Research, February 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  18. ^ Banerjee, Manisha. "A Report on the Impact of Farakka Barrage on the Human Fabric, November 1999" (PDF). The social impact of erosion, pp 13-14. South Asia Network On Dams, Rivers and People, New Delhi: 110 088 India. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  19. ^ "District Census Handbook, Murshidabad, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 96-97 Table 36: Distribution of villages according to availability of different amenities,2011. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  20. ^ "District Census Handbook, Murshidabad, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 17-19: Soil and cropping pattern, Land and land-use pattern. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  21. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 18.1. Data for subdivisions/ district calculated by totalling the CD Block data provided. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  22. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Basic data: Table 4.4, 4.5, Clarifications: other related tables. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  23. ^ "Dumkal College". DC. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  24. ^ "Dumkal College". College Admission. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  25. ^ "Domkal Girls’ College". DGC. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  26. ^ "Jalangi Mahavidyalaya". JM. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  27. ^ "Jalangi Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  28. ^ "Murshidabad Adarsha Mahavidyalaya". MAM. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  29. ^ "G,D,College". Exam Drive. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  30. ^ "Shaikpara ARM Polytechnic College". Career India. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  31. ^ "Murshidabad Minority B Ed College". MMBEd. Retrieved 3 September 2017. 
  32. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 3.1, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  33. ^ a b c d "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  34. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18, 15 February 2006" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 9 September 2017. 
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