Dominican green-and-yellow macaw

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Dominican green-and-yellow macaw
Scientific classification e
(disputed)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Ara
Species: A. atwoodi
Binomial name
Ara atwoodi
Clark, 1908
LocationDominica.svg
Location of Dominica
Synonyms[1]

Amazona atwoodi (lapsus)

The Dominican green-and-yellow macaw, Atwood's macaw, or Dominican macaw (Ara atwoodi) is an extinct species of macaw that may have lived on the island of Dominica.[2] It is known only through the writings of British colonial judge Thomas Atwood in his 1791 book, The History of the Island of Dominica:[3]

The macaw is of the parrot kind, but larger than the common parrot, and makes a more disagreeable, harsh noise. They are in great plenty, as are also parrots in this island; have both of them a delightful green and yellow plumage, with a scarlet-colored fleshy substance from the ears to the root of the bill, of which color is likewise the chief feathers of their wings and tails. They breed on the tops of the highest trees, where they feed on the berries in great numbers together; and are easily discovered by their loud chattering noise, which at a distance resembles human voices. The macaws cannot be taught to articulate words; but the parrots of this country may, by taking pains with them when caught young. The flesh of both is eat, but being very very fat, it wastes in roasting, and eats dry and insipid; for which reason, they are chiefly used to make soup of, which is accounted very nutritive.

Austin Hobart Clark initially included these macaws in Ara guadeloupensis in 1905,[4] but upon being referred to Atwood's writings, he listed them as a distinct species in 1908.[5] As no archeological remains are known, it is widely considered a hypothetical extinct species.[6][7] Atwood described a bird which was commonly captured for food and pets.[8]

The Dominican macaw probably became extinct in the late 18th or early 19th century.[9]

References

  1. ^ Hume, Julian P. (24 August 2017). Extinct Birds. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 568. ISBN 978-1-4729-3745-2. 
  2. ^ do Nascimento, Rafael Silva (18 December 2011). "The Macaw of Dominica". Earthling Nature. 
  3. ^ Atwood, Thomas (1791). The History of the Island of Dominica. London, England: J. Johnson – via Internet Archive. 
  4. ^ Clark, August Hobart (July 1905). "The Lesser Antillean Macaws". The Auk. American Ornithological Society. 22 (3): 366–373. doi:10.2307/4070159. 
  5. ^ Clark, August Hobart (July 1908). "The Macaw of Dominica". The Auk. American Ornithological Society. 25 (3): 309–311. doi:10.2307/4070527. 
  6. ^ Wily, James W.; Kirwan, Guy M. (14 June 2013). "The extinct macaws of the West Indies, with special reference to Cuban Macaw Ara Tricolor" (PDF). Bulletins of the British Ornithological Club. 133 (2): 125–156. 
  7. ^ Ridgway, Robert (5 May 1916). "The Birds of North and Middle America" (PDF). Bulletin of the United States National Museum, No. 50. 7. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution: 121. 
  8. ^ BirdLife International 2004. Ara atwoodi. In: IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <[1] Archived December 22, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.>. Accessed: 17 July 2007.
  9. ^ ZipCode Zoo: Ara atwoodi. 2007. BayScience Foundatation. URL: http://zipcodezoo.com Archived December 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed: 17 July 2007


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