Dolopia

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Dolopia
Δολοπία
Region of Ancient Greece
Arenta Mountain - Evrytania, Greece - 03.jpg
Ancient Greek Northern regions.png
Map of ancient Dolopia & environs
Location Western Greece
Dialects Doric

Dolopia[1] (Ancient Greek: Δολοπία) is a mountainous region[2] of Greece, located north of Aetolia.

Geography

Dolopia was located between Epirus and Thessaly, eventually absorbed into the latter. It was a mountainous district in the southwestern corner of Thessaly, lying between Mount Tymphrestus, a branch of Pindus, on the one side, and Mount Othrys on the other. The Dolopes were, like the Magnetes, an ancient Hellenic people, and members of the Amphictyonic League. They are mentioned by Homer as included in Phthia, but were governed by a subordinate chieftain of their own.[3] Though nominally belonging to Thessaly, they seem practically to have been independent: and their country was at a later period a constant subject of contention between the Aetolians and the kings of Macedonia. The only place in Dolopia of the slightest importance was Ctimene. Other of their cities were, Angeia and Dolopeis, close to lake Xynius.[4]

Mythology & History

The Dolopes (Greek: Δόλοπες) were considered Thessalians, or sometimes Aetolians. There was also[5] a son of the god Hermes named Dolops (Greek: Δόλοψ), and two persons in the Iliad.[6] One was the son of Lampus,[7] an elder Trojan and son of king Laomedon *who was killed by Menelaus). Another Dolops was the son of Clytius, Clytides (Greek: Κλυτίδης),[8] who was killed by Hector, and a third one was the father of Iphimachus that took care of Philoctetes.[9]

Dolopians were either under Thessalian rule, or autonomous and members of the Amphictyonic league. In 480 BC they joined the Persian marching army. In 420 BC they warred against Heraclea in Trachis in alliance with Thessalians and Aenianians. In the 4th century BC they allied themselves with the Corinthian league under Phillip II.

List of Dolopians

See also

References

  1. ^ A Latin Dictionary
  2. ^ An inventory of archaic and classical poleis
  3. ^ Homer. Iliad. 9.484. 
  4. ^ Xynius. Lake in the country of the Dolopians [Arg.1.68; Hyg.Fab.14].
  5. ^ A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology
  6. ^ Homer, Iliad
  7. ^ Dolops
  8. ^ A Homeric Dictionary
  9. ^ Philoctetes
  10. ^ Ovidius
  11. ^ Achaean Leaders
Sources
  • History of Ktimenon
  • Dolopes, in Greek
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