District (Taiwan)

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This article is part of a series on
Administrative divisions
of Taiwan
Centrally-governed
Township-level
Village-level
Neighborhood-level
  • Neighborhoods
Historical divisions of
Taiwan (1895–1945)
Republic of China (1912–49)

Districts are administrative subdivisions of Special municipalities and provincial cities of Taiwan. There are two types of district in the administrative scheme.

Name Chinese Mandarin
Pinyin
Taiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
District khu
Special municipal mountain indigenous district 直轄市山地原住民區 zhíxiáshì shāndì
yuánzhùmín qū
Ti̍t-hat-chhī soaⁿ-tē
goân-chū-bîn khu

Regular districts are governed as branches of the municipality/city government of the city government. District chiefs appointed by the mayors, with four years of term. The special municipal mountain indigenous district is a type of local government body. District chiefs as well as district council members are directly elected by the people in the district with four years of term.

History

The first administrative divisions entitled "districts" were established in the 1900s when Taiwan was under Japanese rule. After the World War II, nine (9) out of eleven (11) prefectural cities established by the Japanese government were reform into provincial cities. These cities are Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Kaohsiung, Keelung, Pingtung, Taichung, Tainan and Taipei. The wards ( ku) and towns ( machi) under those cities were merged into larger districts. At the same time, the districts ( kun) under prefectures also reformed as county-controlled districts.

Divisions before 1945 Divisions after 1945 to 1950
Name Kanji Japanese
Hepburn
Taiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Name Chinese Mandarin
Pinyin
Taiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Ward (under cities) ku khu District (under cities) khu
District (under prefectures) kun kūn District (under counties) khu

In August 1950, another administrative division reform was performed in Taiwan, the size of counties shrink and all townships are all directly administered by the county. County-controlled districts were all defunct in this reform. At the same time provincial cities including Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Pingtung were downgraded to county-controlled cities, districts of these cities were also defunct. This makes district the type of division exclusively under the five remaining provincial cities: Kaohsiung, Keelung, Taichung, Tainan and Taipei.

When Taipei was promoted as a special municipality by the central government in 1967, several townships surrounding the city were merged into Taipei City and were reorganized as its districts. Afterwards, through another reorganization in 1990, the 12 current districts were formed. In addition, Kaohsiung, the largest city in southern Taiwan, was promoted as a special municipality in 1979. Siaogang Township was also merged to Siaogang District.

In December 2010, the four new special municipalities were established namely Kaohsiung, New Taipei, Taichung, and Tainan. Subsequently, all the county-controlled cities and townships in Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and Taipei Counties were reformed as districts of the new Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, and New Taipei cities respectively. Their names, nevertheless, remained the same. The same thing happened to Taoyuan on 25 December 2014 where there are additional new 13 districts from the former county.

These municipalities and provincial cities use district administrative centers for public affairs services to serve the residents of these districts. Also, the directors of these districts and administrative centers are appointed by the mayors, with four years per term.

On 4 February 2014, six districts were reclassified as Special Municipal Mountain Indigenous District (Chinese: 直轄市山地原住民區; pinyin: Zhíxiáshì Shāndì Yuánzhùmín Qū; or shortened as Mountain Indigenous District (山地原住民區; Shāndì Yuánzhùmín Qū)): Wulai in New Taipei, Fuxing in Taoyuan, Heping in Taichung, along with Namasia, Maolin, and Taoyuan in Kaohsiung.

Districts in Taiwan

Districts by cities

In Taiwan, districts are the only subdivisions of special municipalities and provincial cities. Currently, there are 164 districts and 6 mountain indigenous districts located in the special municipalities and the provincial cities.

Division type Special municipality Provincial city Total
Name Kaohsiung[1] New Taipei[2] Taichung[3] Tainan[4] Taipei[5] Taoyuan Chiayi[6] Hsinchu[7] Keelung[8]
Districts 35 28 28 37 12 12 2 3 7 164
Mountain indigenous districts 3 1 1 1 6

List of Districts in Taiwan

Colors indicate the common language status of Hakka and Formosan languages within each division.

Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Formosan or others City Type
Zhongzheng 中正區 Tiong-chèng Tsûng-tsang Taipei Municipal
Wanhua 萬華區 Báng-kah Van-fà BangkaBasay Taipei Municipal
Datong 大同區 Tāi-tông Thai-thùng Taipei Municipal
Zhongshan 中山區 Tiong-san Tsûng-sân Taipei Municipal
Songshan 松山區 Siông-san Tshiùng-sân Taipei Municipal
Da'an 大安區 Tāi-an Thai-ôn Taipei Municipal
Xinyi 信義區 Sìn-gī Sin-ngi Taipei Municipal
Neihu 內湖區 Lāi-ô͘ Nui-fù Taipei Municipal
Nangang 南港區 Lâm-káng Nàm-kóng Taipei Municipal
Shilin 士林區 Sū-lîm Sṳ-lìm Taipei Municipal
Beitou 北投區 Pak-tâu Pet-thèu Taipei Municipal
Wenshan 文山區 Bûn-san Vùn-sân Taipei Municipal
Banqiao 板橋區 Pang-kiô Piông-khièu New Taipei Municipal
Xinzhuang 新莊區 Sin-chng Sîn-chông New Taipei Municipal
Zhonghe 中和區 Tiong-hô Chûng-fò New Taipei Municipal
Yonghe 永和區 Éng-hô Yún-fò New Taipei Municipal
Tucheng 土城區 Thô͘-siâⁿ Thú-sàng New Taipei Municipal
Shulin 樹林區 Chhiū-nâ Su-nà New Taipei Municipal
Sanxia 三峽區 Sam-kiap Sâm-hia̍p New Taipei Municipal
Yingge 鶯歌區 Eng-ko Yîn-kô New Taipei Municipal
Sanchong 三重區 Sam-tiông/Saⁿ-tēng-po͘ Sâm-chhùng New Taipei Municipal
Luzhou 蘆洲區 Lô͘-chiu Lù-chû New Taipei Municipal
Wugu 五股區 Gō͘-kó͘ Ńg-kú New Taipei Municipal
Taishan 泰山區 Thài-san Thai-sân New Taipei Municipal
Linkou 林口區 Nâ-khàu Nà-khiéu New Taipei Municipal
Bali 八里區 Pat-lí Pat-lî New Taipei Municipal
Tamsui 淡水區 Tām-chuí Thâm-súi New Taipei Municipal
Sanzhi 三芝區 Sam-chi Sâm-chṳ New Taipei Municipal
Shimen 石門區 Chio̍h-mn̂g Sa̍k-mùn New Taipei Municipal
Jinshan 金山區 Kim-san Kîm-sân New Taipei Municipal
Wanli 萬里區 Bān-lí Van-lî New Taipei Municipal
Xizhi 汐止區 Se̍k-chí Sip-chṳ New Taipei Municipal
Ruifang 瑞芳區 Sūi-hong Lui-fông New Taipei Municipal
Gongliao 貢寮區 Kòng-liâu Kung-liàu New Taipei Municipal
Pingxi 平溪區 Pêng-khe Phìn-hâi New Taipei Municipal
Shuangxi 雙溪區 Siang-khe Sûng-hâi New Taipei Municipal
Xindian 新店區 Sin-tiàm Sîn-tiam New Taipei Municipal
Shenkeng 深坑區 Chhim-kheⁿ Chhṳ̂m-hâng New Taipei Municipal
Shiding 石碇區 Chio̍h-tēng Sa̍k-tàng New Taipei Municipal
Pinglin 坪林區 Pêⁿ-nâ Phiâng-lìm New Taipei Municipal
Wulai 烏來區 U-lai Vû-lòi UlayAtayal New Taipei Mountain indigenous
Taoyuan 桃園區 Thô-hng Thò-yèn Taoyuan Municipal
Zhongli 中壢區 Tiong-lek Chûng-la̍k Taoyuan Municipal
Daxi 大溪區 Tāi-khe Thai-hâi Taoyuan Municipal
Yangmei 楊梅區 Iûⁿ-mûi Yông-muì Taoyuan Municipal
Luzhu 蘆竹區 Lô·-tek Lù-tsuk Taoyuan Municipal
Dayuan 大園區 Toā-Hng Thai-yèn Taoyuan Municipal
Guishan 龜山區 Ku-soaⁿ Kuî-sân Taoyuan Municipal
Bade 八德區 Pat-tek Pat-tet Taoyuan Municipal
Longtan 龍潭區 Liông-thâm Liùng-thâm Taoyuan Municipal
Pingzhen 平鎮區 Pêng-tìn Phìn-tsṳ́n Taoyuan Municipal
Xinwu 新屋區 Sin-ok Sîn-vuk Taoyuan Municipal
Guanyin 觀音區 Koan-im Kôn-yîm Taoyuan Municipal
Fuxing 復興區 Hok-heng Fu̍k-hîn PyasanAtayal Taoyuan Mountain indigenous
Central 中區 Tiong Chûng Taichung Municipal
East 東區 Tang Tûng Taichung Municipal
South 南區 Lâm Nàm Taichung Municipal
West 西區 Se Taichung Municipal
North 北區 Pak Pet Taichung Municipal
Beitun 北屯區 Pak-tūn Pet-tun Taichung Municipal
Xitun 西屯區 Se-tūn Sî-tun Taichung Municipal
Nantun 南屯區 Lâm-tūn Nàm-tun Taichung Municipal
Taiping 太平區 Thài-pêng Thai-phìn Taichung Municipal
Dali 大里區 Tāi-lí Thai-lî Taichung Municipal
Wufeng 霧峰區 Bū-hong Vú-fûng Taichung Municipal
Wuri 烏日區 O·-ji̍t Vû-ngit Taichung Municipal
Fengyuan 豐原區 Hong-goân Fûng-ngièn Taichung Municipal
Houli 后里區 Aū-lí Heu-lî Taichung Municipal
Shigang 石岡區 Chio̍h-kng Sa̍k-kóng Taichung Municipal
Dongshi 東勢區 Tang-sì Tûng-sṳ Taichung Municipal
Xinshe 新社區 Sin-siā Sîn-sa Taichung Municipal
Tanzi 潭子區 Thâm-chú Thâm-tsṳ́ Taichung Municipal
Daya 大雅區 Tāi-ngé Thai-ngâ Taichung Municipal
Shengang 神岡區 Sin-kóng Sṳ̀n-kông Taichung Municipal
Dadu 大肚區 Tōa-tō͘ Thai-tú Taichung Municipal
Shalu 沙鹿區 Soa-la̍k Sâ-lu̍k Taichung Municipal
Longjing 龍井區 Liông-chéⁿ Liùng-tsiáng Taichung Municipal
Wuqi 梧棲區 Gō·-chhe Ǹg-tshi Taichung Municipal
Qingshui 清水區 Chheng-chúi Tshîn-súi Taichung Municipal
Dajia 大甲區 Tāi-kah Thai-kap Taichung Municipal
Waipu 外埔區 Goā-po͘ Ngoi-phû Taichung Municipal
Da'an 大安區 Tāi-an Thai-ôn Taichung Municipal
Heping 和平區 Hô-pêng Fò-phìn Atayal Taichung Mountain indigenous
West Central 中西區 Tiong-se Chûng-sî Tainan Municipal
East 東區 Tang Tûng Tainan Municipal
South 南區 Lâm Nàm Tainan Municipal
North 北區 Pak Pet Tainan Municipal
Anping 安平區 An-pêng An-phìn Tainan Municipal
Annan 安南區 An-lâm An-nàm Tainan Municipal
Yongkang 永康區 Éng-khong Yún-không Tainan Municipal
Guiren (Gueiren) 歸仁區 Kui-jîn Kûi-yìn Tainan Municipal
Xinhua (Sinhua) 新化區 Sin-hòa Sîn-fa Tainan Municipal
Zuozhen (Zuojhen) 左鎮區 Chó-tìn Tsó-tsṳ́n Tainan Municipal
Yujing 玉井區 Gio̍k-chéⁿ Ngiu̍k-tsiáng Tainan Municipal
Nanxi (Nansi) 楠西區 Lâm-se Nàm-sî Tainan Municipal
Nanhua 南化區 Lâm-hòa Nàm-fa Tainan Municipal
Rende 仁德區 Jîn-tek Yìn-tet Tainan Municipal
Guanmiao 關廟區 Koan-biō Kûan-meu Tainan Municipal
Longqi (Longci) 龍崎區 Liông-kiā Liùng-khì Tainan Municipal
Guantian 官田區 Koaⁿ-tiān Kôn-thièn Tainan Municipal
Madou 麻豆區 Môa-tāu Mà-theu Tainan Municipal
Jiali 佳里區 Ka-lí Kâ-lî Tainan Municipal
Xigang (Sigang) 西港區 Sai-káng Sî-kóng Tainan Municipal
Qigu (Cigu) 七股區 Chhit-kó͘ Tshit-kú Tainan Municipal
Jiangjun (Jiangjyun) 將軍區 Chiong-kun Tsiông-kiûn Tainan Municipal
Xuejia (Syuejia) 學甲區 Ha̍k-kah Ho̍k-kap Tainan Municipal
Beimen 北門區 Pak-mn̂g Pet-mùn Tainan Municipal
Xinying (Sinying) 新營區 Sin-iâⁿ Sîn-yàng Tainan Municipal
Houbi 後壁區 Āu-piah Heu-piak Tainan Municipal
Baihe 白河區 Pe̍h-hô Pha̍k-hò Tainan Municipal
Dongshan 東山區 Tong-san Tûng-sân Tainan Municipal
Liujia (Lioujia) 六甲區 La̍k-kah Liuk-kap Tainan Municipal
Xiaying (Siaying) 下營區 Ē-iâⁿ Ha-yàng Tainan Municipal
Liuying (Liouying) 柳營區 Liú-iâⁿ Liú-yàng Tainan Municipal
Yanshui (Yanshuei) 鹽水區 Kiâm-chúi Yàm-súi Tainan Municipal
Shanhua 善化區 Siān-hòa San-fa Tainan Municipal
Danei 大內區 Tōa-lāi Thai-nui Tainan Municipal
Shanshang 山上區 San-siōng Sân-song Tainan Municipal
Xinshi (Sinshih) 新市區 Sin-chhī Sîn-sṳ Tainan Municipal
Anding 安定區 An-tēng Ôn-thin Tainan Municipal
Yancheng 鹽埕區 Iâm-tiâⁿ Yàm-thàng Kaohsiung Municipal
Gushan 鼓山區 Kó͘-san Kú-sân Kaohsiung Municipal
Zuoying 左營區 Chó-iâⁿ Tsó-yàng Kaohsiung Municipal
Nanzi (Nanzih) 楠梓區 Lâm-chú Nàm-chṳ̀ Kaohsiung Municipal
Sanmin 三民區 Sam-bîn Sân-mìn Kaohsiung Municipal
Xinxing (Sinsing) 新興區 Sin-heng Sîn-hîn Kaohsiung Municipal
Qianjin (Cianjin) 前金區 Chiân-kim Chhièn-kîm Kaohsiung Municipal
Lingya 苓雅區 Lêng-ngá Lìn-ngá Kaohsiung Municipal
Qianzhen (Cianjhen) 前鎮區 Chiân-tìn Tshièn-chṳ́n Kaohsiung Municipal
Qijin (Cijin) 旗津區 Kî-tin Khì-chîn Kaohsiung Municipal
Xiaogang (Siaogang) 小港區 Sió-káng Seú-kóng Kaohsiung Municipal
Fengshan (Fongshan) 鳳山區 Hōng-soaⁿ Fung-sân Kaohsiung Municipal
Linyuan 林園區 Lîm-hn̂g Lìm-yèn Kaohsiung Municipal
Daliao 大寮區 Toā-liâu Thai-liàu Kaohsiung Municipal
Dashu 大樹區 Toā-chhiū Thai-su Kaohsiung Municipal
Dashe 大社區 Toā-siā Thai-sa Kaohsiung Municipal
Renwu 仁武區 Jîn-bú Yìn-vú Kaohsiung Municipal
Niaosong 鳥松區 Chiáu-chhêng Tiâu-tshiùng Kaohsiung Municipal
Gangshan 岡山區 Kong-san Kông-sân Kaohsiung Municipal
Qiaotou (Ciaotou) 橋頭區 Kiô-thâu Khiâu-thèu Kaohsiung Municipal
Yanchao 燕巢區 Iàn-châu Yèn-tshâu Kaohsiung Municipal
Tianliao 田寮區 Chhân-liâu Thièn-liàu Kaohsiung Municipal
Alian 阿蓮區 A-lian Â-lièn Kaohsiung Municipal
Luzhu (Lujhu) 路竹區 Lō͘-tek Lu-tsuk Kaohsiung Municipal
Hunei 湖內區 Ô͘-lāi Fù-nui Kaohsiung Municipal
Qieding (Cieding) 茄萣區 Ka-tiāⁿ Kâ-tin Kaohsiung Municipal
Yong'an (Yong-an) 永安區 Éng-an Yún-ôn Kaohsiung Municipal
Mituo 彌陀區 Mî-tô Mì-thò Kaohsiung Municipal
Ziguan (Zihguan) 梓官區 Chú-koaⁿ Tsṳ́-kôn Kaohsiung Municipal
Qishan (Cishan) 旗山區 Kî-san Khì-sân Kaohsiung Municipal
Meinong 美濃區 Bi-long Mî-nùng Kaohsiung Municipal
Liugui (Liouguei) 六龜區 La̍k-ku Liuk-kuî Kaohsiung Municipal
Jiaxian (Jiasian) 甲仙區 Kah-sian Kap-siên Kaohsiung Municipal
Shanlin 杉林區 Sam-nâ Tsham-lìm Kaohsiung Municipal
Neimen 內門區 Lāi-mn̂g Nui-mùn Kaohsiung Municipal
Maolin 茂林區 Bō͘-lîm Meu-lìm TeldrekaRukai Kaohsiung Mountain indigenous
Taoyuan (Tauyuan) 桃源區 Thô-goân Thò-ngièn NganiBunun Kaohsiung Mountain indigenous
Namaxia (Namasia) 那瑪夏區 Namasia Namasia NamasiaBunun, Kanakanabu Kaohsiung Mountain indigenous
East 東區 Tang Tûng Chiayi Municipal
West 西區 Se Chiayi Municipal
East 東區 Tang Tûng Hsinchu Municipal
North 北區 Pak Pet Hsinchu Municipal
Xiangshan 香山區 Hiong-san Hiông-sân Hsinchu Municipal
Zhongzheng 中正區 Tiong-chèng Tsûng-tsang Keelung Municipal
Zhongshan 中山區 Tiong-san Tsûng-sân Keelung Municipal
Ren'ai 仁愛區 Jîn-ài Yìn-oi Keelung Municipal
Xinyi 信義區 Sìn-gī Sin-ngi Keelung Municipal
Anle 安樂區 An-lo̍k Ôn-lo̍k Keelung Municipal
Nuannuan 暖暖區 Lóan-lóan Nôn-nôn Keelung Municipal
Qidu 七堵區 Chhit-tó͘ Tshit-tù Keelung Municipal

Former districts

District changes between 1945 and 1950

City Districts Aftermath
1945 – 1946 1946 – 1950
Changhua Chang-pei (彰北區) Changhua county-controlled city
Districts were defunct
Chang-hsi (彰西區)
Chang-nan (彰南區)
Ta-chu (大竹區)
Chiayi Tung-men (東門區) Hsin-tung (新東區) Chiayi county-controlled city
Districts were defunct
Then East and West Districts, Chiayi (provincial city)
Tung-shan (東山區)
Nan-men (南門區) Hsin-nan (新南區)
Pa-chiang (八獎區)
Hsi-men (西門區) Hsin-hsi (新西區)
Chu-wei (竹圍區)
Pei-men (北門區) Hsin-pei (新北區)
Pei-chen (北鎮區)
(part of
Tainan County)
Shui-shang (水上區) Shuishang Township, Chiayi County
Tai-pao (太保區) Taibao City, Chiayi County
Hsinchu East (東區) Hsinchu county-controlled city
Districts were defunct
Then East and North Districts, Hsinchu (provincial city)
South (南區)
West (西區)
North (北區)
Hsiang-shan (香山區) Hsiang-shan Township in Hsinchu County,
then Xiangshan District, Hsinchu (provincial city)
(part of
Hsinchu County)
Chu-tung (竹東區) Zhudong Township, Hsinchu County
Pao-shan (寶山區) Baoshan Township, Hsinchu County
Pingtung Central (中區) Pingtung county-controlled city
Districts were defunct
East (東區)
South (南區)
North (北區)
(part of
Kaohsiung County)
Wan-tan (萬丹區) Wandan Township, Pingtung County
Chang-chih (長治區) Changzhi and Linluo Townships, Pingtung County
Chiu-ju (九如區) Jiuru Township, Pingtung County

District reforms in Taipei

1945 – 1968 1968 – 1990 After 1990
Chien-cheng (建成區) Datong
Yen-ping (延平區)
Ta-tung (大同區)
Cheng-chung (城中區) Zhongzheng
Ku-ting (古亭區)
Shuang-yuan (雙園區) Wanhua
Lung-shan (龍山區)
(part of
Taipei County)
Ching-mei (景美區) Wenshan
Mu-cha (木柵區)

See also

References

  1. ^ "KaoHsiung City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Post.gov.tw.
  2. ^ "New Taipei City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Post.gov.tw.
  3. ^ "Taichung City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Post.gov.tw.
  4. ^ "Tainan City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Post.gov.tw.
  5. ^ "Taipei City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Post.gov.tw.
  6. ^ "ChiaYi City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Post.gov.tw.
  7. ^ "Hsinchu City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Post.gov.tw.
  8. ^ "KeeLung City" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Post.gov.tw.
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