Disaster tourism

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Disaster tourism at Mount Merapi, after the 2010 eruptions

Disaster tourism is the act of traveling to a disaster area for pleasure, usually out of curiosity.

Origins of Disaster tourism

Disaster Tourism is used for leisure travels to zones whipped by natural disasters or traumatic events known as "traumascapes".[1] Some scholars argue that these sites offers a message to visitors and tourists in order for them to interpret their own life.[2] Disaster tourism offers a pedagogical instrument to community to accelerate the time in post recovery process.[3][4] Rodanthi Tzanelli, lecturer at University of Leeds called the attention to the needs to articulate trans-disciplinary research to understand Thana Tourism or Disaster Tourism.[5]

R. Tzanelli explores the role of thanaptosis in the media and film-industries. She says that the success of globalization depends on the economy of imagination, where the elite elaborates biased or singled out explanations of disasters in order to keep its privileged position. With basis on colonization and slumming, Tzanelli alludes to dark tourism as a new trend where global North powers, who have played an active role in the process of colonization, today imposes a one-sided message over the global south[6].

Examples of Disaster tourism

2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull

Eyjafjallajökull, in Iceland, began erupting on 20 March 2010.[7][8] At this time, about 500 farmers and their families from the areas of Fljótshlíð, Eyjafjöll, and Landeyjar were evacuated overnight, but allowed to return to their farms and homes after Civil Protection Department risk assessment. On 14 April 2010, Eyjafjallajökull erupted for the second time, requiring 800 people to be evacuated.[9]

In the wake of the first eruption, tour companies offered trips to see the volcano.[10] However, the ash cloud from the second eruption disrupted air traffic over Great Britain and most of northern and western Europe, making it difficult to travel to Iceland even though Iceland's airspace itself remained open throughout.[9][11][12]

See also


  1. ^ Sather-Wagstaff, J. (2011). Heritage that hurts: Tourists in the memoryscapes of September 11 (Vol. 4). Left Coast Press.
  2. ^ Stone, P., & Sharpley, R. (2008). Consuming dark tourism: A thanatological perspective. Annals of tourism Research, 35(2), 574-595.
  3. ^ Faulkner, B. (2001). Towards a framework for tourism disaster management. Tourism management, 22(2), 135-147.
  4. ^ Stone, P. R. (2011). Dark tourism: Towards a new post-disciplinary research agenda. International Journal of Tourism Anthropology, 1(3-4), 318-332.
  5. ^ Tzanelli, R. (2016). Thanatourism and Cinematic Representations of Risk: Screening the End of Tourism. Routledge.
  6. ^ Tzanelli, R. (2016). Thanatourism and Cinematic Representations of Risk: Screening the End of Tourism (Vol. 176). Routledge.
  7. ^ "Eldgosið á Fimmvörðuhálsi". 
  8. ^ Volcano Erupts Under Eyjafjallajökull Archived 2014-01-11 at the Wayback Machine., Reykjavík Grapevine, March 21, 2010
  9. ^ a b "Iceland's volcanic ash halts flights in northern Europe". BBC News. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010. [dead link]
  10. ^ Tom Robbins. The Guardian. Iceland's erupting volcano. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
  11. ^ "Cancellations due to volcanic ash in the air". Norwegian Air Shuttle. 15 April 2010. Archived from the original on April 18, 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  12. ^ "Iceland Volcano Spewing Ash Chokes Europe Air Travel". San Francisco Chronicle. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
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