Diogo Freitas do Amaral

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Diogo de Freitas do Amaral

Freitas do Amaral, XV Cimeira Ibero-Americana - Salamanca, Espanha.jpg
Freitas do Amaral in 2005
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
12 March 2005 – 3 July 2006
Prime Minister José Sócrates
Preceded by António Monteiro
Succeeded by Luís Amado
In office
10 January 1980 – 12 January 1981
Prime Minister Francisco de Sá Carneiro
Preceded by João Cardoso
Succeeded by André Gonçalves Pereira
Leader of the CDS – People's Party
In office
31 January 1988 – 22 March 1992
Preceded by Adriano Moreira
Succeeded by Manuel Monteiro
In office
19 July 1974 – 20 February 1983
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Francisco Lucas Pires
Deputy Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
4 September 1981 – 9 June 1983
Prime Minister Francisco Pinto Balsemão
Preceded by Position vacant
Succeeded by Carlos Mota Pinto
In office
3 January 1980 – 9 January 1981
Prime Minister Francisco de Sá Carneiro
Preceded by Manuel Jacinto Nunes
Succeeded by Position vacant
Minister of National Defence
In office
4 September 1981 – 9 June 1983
Prime Minister Francisco Pinto Balsemão
Preceded by Luís de Azevedo Coutinho
Succeeded by Carlos Mota Pinto
110th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
4 December 1980 – 9 January 1981
President António Ramalho Eanes
Preceded by Francisco de Sá Carneiro
Succeeded by Francisco Pinto Balsemão
Personal details
Born (1941-07-21) 21 July 1941 (age 78)
Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal
Political party Independent
Other political
Democratic and Social Centre - People's Party
Spouse(s) Maria José Salgado Sarmento de Matos

Diogo Pinto de Freitas do Amaral (Portuguese pronunciation: [diˈoɡu ˈfɾɐjtɐʃ du ɐmɐˈɾaɫ]; b. Póvoa de Varzim, 21 July 1941), known as Freitas do Amaral, is a Portuguese politician and law professor. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs from 12 March 2005 to 3 July 2006. He also served briefly as Prime Minister in an interim capacity in the early 1980s.


He is the third but first surviving son of Duarte de Freitas do Amaral and wife Maria Filomena de Campos Trocado, and the older brother of João de Freitas do Amaral.


He is a Licentiate and a Doctorate in Law specialised in Administrative Law and Political Science from the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon, and a Cathedratic Professor in the Faculty of Law at the New University of Lisbon and is also a publicist.

Currently, he is Professor in the Faculty of Law of the Lusófona University of Lisbon, where he teaches and governs the chair of the Economics of Public Law in Law degree, developing other teaching activities in the same college.

In 1974, some months after the Carnation Revolution, he was one of the Founders and President of then Democratic and Social Centre (CDS), a christian democratic party. He led this party till 1985, and again from 1988 to 1991. He served as a Deputy to the Assembly of the Republic (the Portuguese parliament) from 1975 to 1982 or 1983, and again in 1992 and 1993.

He was also a Member of the Portuguese Council of State (1974–1982).

In the parliamentary elections of 1979 and 1980, the Democratic Alliance (of which the CDS was a part) won a majority and formed the government, in which Freitas served as Deputy Prime Minister or Vice-Prime-Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1980 and Deputy Prime Minister or Vice-Prime-Minister and Minister of Defence between 1981 and 1983. After the death of Francisco Sá Carneiro, Freitas do Amaral was interim Prime Minister for a short period between 1980 and 1981. Between 1981 and 1982 he was also the President of the European People's Party.

He was a candidate in 1985 for the presidency in the 1986 presidential election. Supported by his own People's Party and by the Social Democratic Party, he established a commanding lead in the first round, but lost the second round by some 150,000 votes to Mário Soares, who was endorsed by the two eliminated candidates.

He was President of the United Nations General Assembly (1995–1996).

A European federalist, he left the party he founded, disagreeing mainly with the Eurosceptic line followed by Manuel Monteiro and Paulo Portas.

Always seen as a right-winger, Freitas do Amaral supported the Social Democratic Party in the parliamentary election of 2002. However, disappointed with the government performance, and critical of its support for the U.S. invasion of Iraq, Freitas do Amaral surprised many observers by announcing his support for the Socialist Party in the 2005 election. He was subsequently nominated for Minister of State and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the XVII Constitutional Government, led by the Socialist leader José Sócrates. He resigned after a little over one year in office, citing health reasons and, as revealed to a newspaper, tiredness resulting from the many diplomatic trips taken.

He was also a Juridical Consultant of many companies.

He has authored a biography of King Afonso I and a play about Viriatus.

He also published a study of the actuality and reform of the prison system in Portugal.


Marriage and issue

He married in Sintra, Santa Maria, on 31 July 1965 Maria José Salgado Sarmento de Matos, born in Lisbon on 13 October 1943, writer under the pseudonym Maria Roma, daughter of José Sarmento Osório de Vasconcelos de Matos (Moimenta da Beira, 28 July 1909 – Sintra, 17 July 1992), a maternal grandson of the 2nd Viscount (formerly Barons) of Moimenta da Beira, and wife (m. Lisbon, 27 January 1940) Maria do Carmo Roma Machado Cardoso Salgado (Lisbon, Santa Isabel, b. 18 February 1914), a half-grand-niece of the 1st Viscount de Faria e Maia, and has four children:

  • Pedro Sarmento de Matos de Freitas do Amaral (b. Lisbon, 2 July 1966), unmarried and without issue
  • Domingos Sarmento de Matos de Freitas do Amaral (b. Lisbon, 12 October 1967), journalist and writer, has two children from his ex-wife and also has a daughter from his current wife Sofia Jardim (b. Lisbon, 18 August 1974):
    • Carolina Gentil de Quina de Freitas do Amaral (b. 27 October 1998)
    • Duarte Gentil de Quina de Freitas do Amaral (b. 19 August 2001)
    • Leonor Jardim de Freitas do Amaral (b. Lisbon, 8 May 2009)
  • Filipa Sarmento de Matos de Freitas do Amaral (b. Lisbon, 16 June 1969), married and divorced on 16 December 2008 to Manuel Francisco Daun e Lorena de Barros e Carvalhosa, son of José Rodrigo de Barros de Saldanha e Carvalhosa (b. Lisbon, 2 May 1933), son of the 3rd Viscount of Santarém and 3rd Viscount (formerly Barons) of Vila Nova da Rainha [pt] (b. 18 July 1966), and wife Dona Maria Domingas de Carvalho Daun e Lorena (b. Lisbon, 21 August 1938), of the Marquesses of Pombal, Counts of Oeiras and Counts of Santiago de Beduído, without issue
  • Joana Sarmento de Matos de Freitas do Amaral (b. Lisbon, 16 June 1971), married to Gonçalo de Aragão Morais Teotónio Pereira, son of Alberto de Bettencourt Teotónio Pereira (b. Lisbon, 23 June 1929), himself the son of Luís Teotónio Pereira and wife Alice de Azevedo Gomes de Bettencourt, and wife (m. Lisbon, Benfica, 27 June 1955) Maria Helena de Medeiros de Aragão Morais (b. Lisbon, São Sebastião da Pedreira, 28 August 1931), and has two children:
    • José Maria de Freitas do Amaral Teotónio Pereira
    • Teresa de Freitas do Amaral Teotónio Pereira

Electoral results

1986 Portuguese presidential election

e • d Summary of the 26 January and 16 February 1986 Portuguese presidential election results
Candidates Supporting parties First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Mário Soares Socialist Party 1,443,683 25.43 3,010,756 51.18
Diogo Freitas do Amaral Democratic and Social Centre, Social Democratic Party 2,629,597 46.31 2,872,064 48.82
Francisco Salgado Zenha Portuguese Communist Party, Democratic Renovator Party 1,185,867 20.88  
Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo Independent 418,961 7.38
Ângelo Veloso[A] Portuguese Communist Party left the race
Total valid 5,677,525 100.00 5,882,820 100.00
Blank ballots 46,334 0.81 33,844 0.57
Invalid ballots 18,292 0.32 20,436 0.34
Total (turnout 75.38% and 77.99%) 5,742,151 5,937,100
A He left the race in favor of Salgado Zenha.
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições



  • D. Afonso Henriques biografia. Lisboa: Bertrand, 2009
  • Camarate: um caso ainda em aberto : apelo de um cidadão. Lisboa: Bertrand, 2010. ISBN 9789722522434


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Cidadãos Nacionais Agraciados com Ordens". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  • Anuário da Nobreza de Portugal, III, 2006, Tomo IV, pp. 862–873
  • Costados, Gonçalo de Mesquita da Silveira de Vasconcelos e Sousa, Livraria Esquina, 1.ª Edição, Porto, 1997, N.º 55
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Amara Essy
President of the United Nations General Assembly
15 September 1995 – 14 September 1996
Succeeded by
Razali Ismail
Political offices
Preceded by
João Carlos Lopes Cardoso
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
André Gonçalves Pereira
Preceded by
Francisco Sá Carneiro
Acting Prime Minister of Portugal
Succeeded by
Francisco Pinto Balsemão
Preceded by
António Monteiro
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Luís Amado
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