Dinman Hardoul Singh

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Hardaul ka Baithak memorial at Orchha


Dinman Hardoul Singh or Lala Hardoul was a prince of Orchha and a Hindu folk deity of Bundelkhand in India. He was the prince of Orchha and son of maharaja Vir Singh Deo. He was born in 1664 and died in 1688 at the age of 24. A temple of Hardoul is very famous in whole Bhuldelkhand many pilgrims are coming every year. According to the local people he is still alive and is their god.

He is sometimes considered to be a nephew of Alha and Udal of Mahoba (see Alhakhand), however Alha and Udal were Banaphars living during the Chandella rule, where as Lala Hardoul was a Bundela.

लाला हरदौल के अन्य नाम:

1.हजारी हरदौल

2.महाराज कुंवर बाबा

3.कुंवर महाराज

4.राजन् बाबा

5.हरदौल बाबा

Folklore

Hardoul, the popular prince, was resented by Jhujjar Singh (Hardols elder brother) who suspected his wife of having an illicit relationship with him. Jhujjar ordered his wife to poison Hardoul to prove her innocence, and Hardoul willingly accepted it.

The story doesn’t end here. When Jhujjar’s niece was getting married, his sister asked the king to help; who sarcastically asked her to seek the dead Hardoul. The dead prince apparently attended the wedding and served the guests as well. The local woman exclaimed that even today it is believed that Lala Hardoul attends weddings he is invited to and most locals leave an invitation card for him and seek his blessings as well. I did see a lot of local patrons around the temple and realised that real India lives somewhere in the legends of Lala Hardoul.[1][2]

Unbelievable Story of Prince Hardaul of Bundelkhand

बुंदेलखंड़ में पुरानी परंपराओं और लोक कथाओं का अब भी महत्व है, तमाम ऐसे रीति-रिवाज हैं जिन्हें सामाजिक और धार्मिक मान्यताओं से जोड़ कर बिना किसी झिझक निर्वहन भी किया जा रहा है। एक ऐसी परंपरा ओरछा के राजा ‘हरदौल' से जुड़ी है, जहां लोग शादी-विवाह हो या यज्ञ का भंड़ारा, उन्हें आमंत्रित करना नहीं भूलते। लोगों का मानना है कि राजा हरदौल को निमंत्रण देने से भंड़ारे में कोई कमी नहीं आती। उत्तर प्रदेश के झांसी जनपद की सीमा से लगा मध्य प्रदेश के टीकमगढ जिले का ओरछा कस्बा बुंदेलखंड़ में धार्मिक नगरी के रूप में गिना जाता है। कभी यह कस्बा महाराजा वीर सिंह की रियासत की राजधानी हुआ करता था, अब इसे तहसील का दर्जा मिला हुआ है। यहां के महाराजा वीर सिंह के सबसे छोटे बेटे ‘हरदौल' की वीरता और ब्रह्मचर्य के किस्से हर बुंदेली की जुबां पर हैं। महाराजा वीर सिंह के आठ पुत्र थे, जिनमें सबसे बड़े का नाम जुझार सिंह व सबसे छोटे हरदौल थे। जुझार को आगरा दरबार और हरदौल को ओरछा से राज्य संचालन का जिम्मा विरासत में मिला हुआ था। लोग जुझार सिंह को कान का कच्चा व हरदौल को ब्रह्मचारी एवं धार्मिक प्रवृत्ति का मानते हैं। ओरछा में रह रहे एक 80 साल के बुजुर्ग बिंदा बताते हैं, "सन 1688 में एक खंगार सेनापति पहाड़ सिंह, प्रतीत राय व महिला हीरादेवी के भड़कावे में आकर राजा जुझार सिंह ने अपनी पत्नी चंपावती से छोटे भाई हरदौल को ‘विष' पिला कर पतिव्रता होने की परीक्षा ली, विषपान से महज 23 साल की उम्र में हरदौल की मौत हो गई। हरदौल के शव को बस्ती से अलग बीहड़ में दफनाया गया। जुझार की बहन कुंजावती, जो दतिया के राजा रणजीत सिंह को ब्याही थी, अपनी बेटी के ब्याह में भाई जुझार से जब भात मांगने गई तो उसने यह कह कर दुत्कार दिया क्‍योंकि वह हरदौल से ज्यादा स्नेह करती थी, श्मशान में जाकर उसी से भात मांगे। बस, क्या था कुंजावती रोती-बिलखती हरदौल की समाधि (चबूतरा) पहुंची और मर्यादा की दुहाई देकर भात मांगा तो समाधि से आवज आई कि वह (हरदौल) भात लेकर आएगा। इस बुजुर्ग के अनुसार, "भांजी की शादी में राजा हरदौल की रूह भात लेकर गई, मगर भानेज दामाद (दूल्हे) की जिद पर मृतक राजा हरदौल को सदेह प्रकट होना पड़ा। बस, इस चमत्कार से उनकी समाधि में भव्य मन्दिर का निर्माण कराया गया और लोग राजा हरदौल को ‘देव' रूप में पूजने लगे।" ओरछा के ही एक अन्य बुजुर्ग सुखदेव बताते हैं, "कुंजावती की बेटी की शादी में हुए चमत्कार के बाद आस-पास के हर गांव में ग्रामीणों ने प्रतीक के तौर पर एक-एक ‘हरदौल चबूतरा' का निर्माण कराया, जो कई गांवों में अब भी मौजूद हैं। शादी-विवाह हो या यज्ञ-अनुश्ठानों का भंड़ारा, लोग सबसे पहले चबूतरों में जाकर राजा हरदौल को आमंत्रित करते हैं, उन्हें निमंत्रण देने से भंड़ारे में कोई कमी नहीं आती।" जालौन जिले की कोंच विधान सभा सीट से कई बार विधायक रह चुके पूर्व राज्यमंत्री दयाशंकर वर्मा बताते हैं कि यहां के बड़ी माता मन्दिर परिसर, सागर चैकी के पास और उरई रोड़ पर हरदौल मन्दिर हैं, जहां हर नवदम्पत्ति हल्दी का ‘हत्था' लगाने आते हैं। हालांकि वह कहते हैं कि ये सदियों पुरानी परंपराएं हैं, सिर्फ आस्था और विश्वास की वजह से पूजा और आमंत्रण दिया जाता है। यह भी किसी अंधविश्वास से कम नहीं है।[3]

The dead prince who is still alive

Standing from the terrace of the Jehangir Mahal, I can see the monuments of Orchha framed against the dawn with the mist gently hovering over them. Beyond the terrace of the Raj Mahal, is the towering Chaturbhuj temple with the Ram Raj Mandir adjacent to it. And in the distant horizon, lies the Laxmi Narayan temple, hardly visible in the mist. The vultures distract me as the eyes scan the remaining montage of monuments, all wrapped in a hazy sheet of white, orange and yellow.

But as I gaze at them, I realise that Orchha is not just a landscape of buildings. It is a town where the walls speak stories, where paintings reveal a culture, where tales of friendship, romance, betrayal, mysticism and sacrifice echo from every monument. Intriguing, funny, unbelievable and irresistible these stories breathe life into these ancient mahals and mandirs, some of them still in ruins.

While most guides will show you the paintings of the Raj Mahal and tell you how Jehangir Mahal is a symbol of friendship between the Mughal emperor and a Bundelkhand king, they will not take you down to the Rai Praveen Mahal close by.

Stories around royalty are always infused with romance and here is your own Anarkali–Prince Salim story, except that this is no tragedy. The romance between courtesan Rai Praveen and the Bundelkhand king Indrajit became lore in the works of poet Keshav Das. One common folk tale speaks of how Akbar wanted her in his harem against the wishes of the Bundelkhand king. But the witty courtesan spoke her way out of Akbar’s heart who sent her back to Orchha. She apparently thwarted the Mughal emperor saying, “Only a royal servant or a crow or a dog will like to eat something that has already been tasted and polluted by another.”

I am more fascinated by the lesser known monuments and the local versions around it. After seeing the three temples — Ram Raja Temple, Chaturbhuj and the exquisite Laxmi Narayan temple which houses murals of Jhansi Rani — I decide to hire a local auto driver who claims ‘netagiri’ is his main business and agrees to show me around.

He shows me two tall pillars that stand amidst a colourful but dirty market. They are called Sawan Bhadon. The locals say that they stand for two brothers who meet everyday at midnight. And I hear this version as well. Bagh Raj, son of Bir Singh Deo, met a seer during a hunting expedition. The seer, who was observing a vow of silence, was quiet when the prince asked him about a particular kill he was chasing. But the prince misunderstood the silence and went in the wrong direction. After a long frustrating day, he ordered the seer to be killed instead. The just king in return ordered the death of the prince. If you still believe that these pillars stand for the seer and the prince, then think again. Only my guide book offers a plausible connection that these could be ventilators of an underground chamber for the army. They actually look like tall chimney vents to me.

And then I hear the most interesting tale of all, which would probably match up to a soap opera. It is the story behind the ruins of a melancholic yellow palace which now houses a bazaar — the palace of Dinman Hardoul, brother of Raja Jhujjar. A small temple close by has made the prince into a God. “Woh hamara bhagwan hai, hamari raksha karta hai, kabhi bhi zinda aayega,” said a local woman, claiming that Hardol is alive and is their God. And that is when my netagiri guide tells me this story.

Hardoul, the popular prince, was resented by Jhujjar who further suspected his wife of having an illicit relationship with him. Jhujjar ordered his wife to poison Hardoul to prove her innocence, and Hardoul willingly accepted it. The story doesn’t end here. When Jhujjar’s niece was getting married, his sister asked the king to help; who sarcastically asked her to seek the dead Hardoul. The dead prince apparently attended the wedding and served the guests as well. The local woman exclaimed that even today it is believed that Lala Hardoul attends weddings he is invited to and most locals leave an invitation card for him and seek his blessings as well. I did see a lot of local patrons around the temple and realised that real India lives somewhere in the legends of Lala Hardoul.[4]

References

  1. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/chen-columns/the-dead-prince-who-is-still-alive/article2720550.ece
  2. ^ forts of Bundelkhand book by rita sharma
  3. ^ "1688 में मर चुके हरदौल को आज भी दिया जाता है शादी का न्‍योता". hindi.oneindia.com (in Hindi). Retrieved 2017-11-12. 
  4. ^ Sharath, Lakshmi (2011-12-16). "The dead prince who is still alive". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2017-11-12. 
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