Derde Divisie

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Derde Divisie
Founded 2010 as Topklasse
Country Netherlands
Confederation UEFA
Divisions 2
Number of teams 36
Level on pyramid 4
Promotion to Tweede Divisie
Relegation to Hoofdklasse
Domestic cup(s) KNVB Cup
Current champions Saturday: SV Spakenburg
Sunday: Jong Vitesse
(2017–18)
Most championships SV Spakenburg (3 Saturday titles)
2018–19 Derde Divisie

The Derde Divisie (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈdɛrdə diˈvizi]; English: Third Division), formerly known as Topklasse (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈtɔpklɑsə]; English: Top Class), is the fourth tier of football in the Netherlands, which had its inaugural season as a third tier in 2010–11 and as a fourth tier in 2016–17. The league is placed between the Tweede Divisie and the Hoofdklasse, the third and fifth tiers of Dutch football, respectively.[1] The introduction of the then Topklasse resulted from discussions between the Royal Dutch Football Association, the Coöperatie Eerste Divisie (the clubs in the Eerste Divisie) and the Centraal Overleg Hoofdklassers (the clubs in the Hoofdklasse).

Background

A national football competition in the Netherlands was established in 1956. Prior to that, the districts of the Dutch football association held their own competitions, and the champions of these competitions faced each other for the national title. The highest national division in the new league structure became the Eredivisie, followed by the Eerste Divisie and the Tweede Divisie. The Tweede Divisie was disbanded in 1971; six clubs were promoted to the Eerste Divisie (champions De Volewijckers along with FC Eindhoven, VVV, Fortuna Vlaardingen, PEC and Roda JC), while the remaining ten clubs became amateur clubs. The Eerste Divisie subsequently became the lowest league in professional football in the Netherlands.

The amateur football clubs had a separate league system, the highest league of which was the Eerste Klasse (later: Hoofdklasse). There was no promotion and relegation between professional football and amateur football; a professional football club could only drop to the amateur leagues if its licence for professional football was revoked, while an amateur football club could only be promoted after application and meeting a number of criteria.

The calls for a Topklasse largely stemmed from the professionalization of amateur football clubs in the Netherlands in recent years, in the sense that many Hoofdklasse club players now receive a salary.[2] This has closed the gap between the top of the Hoofdklasse and the bottom of the Eerste Divisie. Chairman of the Dutch football association Henk Kesler had therefore repeatedly called for the creation of the Topklasse to establish promotion and relegation between professional and amateur football, creating a league pyramid akin to the English football league system.

The first plans for a Topklasse were rejected by the Eerste Divisie clubs in 1999.[3]

Confirmed structure

Former Topklasse logo.

The new league structure was approved at an amateur clubs meeting on 6 June 2009.[4] The KNVB introduced the new level for the 2010–11 season, comprising 32 clubs. After the 2009–10 season, the bottom 2 teams in the Eerste Divisie, whose size was reduced from 20 to 18 clubs, and the top four clubs from each of the six Hoofdklasse divisions – a total of 26 clubs – automatically joined the new level. These clubs were joined by six playoff winners from a pool of 12 clubs that finished in 5th or 6th place in their group within the Hoofdklasse.

The 32 clubs within the Topklasse were divided into two leagues comprising 16 clubs. One league is a "Saturday" league and the other a "Sunday" league, a setup that is still in place. At the end of the season, both clubs that finished at the top of their division play each other. The winner of that tie was promoted to the Eerste Divisie, replacing the team that finished 18th. If the winner refused promotion or was ineligible for promotion, the runners-up were promoted. If both teams refused promotion, no promotion and relegation took place between the Eerste Divisie and Topklasse.

In January 2010, the exclusion of bankrupt HFC Haarlem from the Eerste Divisie reduced the number of scheduled relegations to one only, and led the KNVB to announce that this vacancy would be filled by an additional Hoofdklasse club. On May 12, 2010 it was announced that BV Veendam had declared bankruptcy, possibly giving (otherwise relegated) FC Oss a chance to stay in the Eerste Divisie, with the extra slot filled by another Hoofdklasse club. Veendam's bankruptcy was then reversed on appeal, thus confirming FC Oss' relegation into the Topklasse.

After the 2015–16 season promotion to the reintroduced Tweede Divisie, placed between the Eerste Divisie and the Topklasse, renamed Derde Divisie, was implemented. Thus, the Derde Divisie and lower leagues were decremented by one step in the pyramid, with the latter expanding to 36 clubs, 18 in each division.[1][5] The division winners are promoted and no longer compete for the amateur championship which was made redundant.[6]

Reforms from the 2016–17 season

There were several reforms from the 2016–17 season. The league was reformed as follows:

Situation until the 2015–16 season Situation from the 2016–17 season
The name of the league was Topklasse. The name of the league is Derde Divisie (English: Third Division)
Promotion to the Eerste Divisie was optional. Promotion to the Tweede Divisie is mandatory.
There were no reserve teams in the league. Two reserve teams of professional clubs, determined by a ranking, gained entry.

A proposal to split the two divisions determined by region and not by playing date has been rejected.[7]

Perception among amateur clubs

IJsselmeervogels, one of the most successful amateur football clubs in the Netherlands, was a strong opponent of the plans; chief Arian van de Vuurst has stated that "professional football does not fit in with our culture."[2] Because of these objections, promotion to the Eerste Divisie was not mandatory for the champion of the former Topklasse. After 2016, however, promotion to the Tweede Divisie is required.

Current teams (2017–18)

Saturday League

Club City Stadium Capacity Manager 2015/16
ACV Assen Univé Sportpark Fred De Boer
ASWH Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht Sportpark Schildman 3,000 Cesco Agterberg 3rd Hoofdklasse B
Capelle Capelle aan den IJssel Sportpark 't Slot 4,000 Ron Timmers 11th
DOVO Veenendaal Sportpark Panhuis Gert Kruys
DVS '33 Ermelo Sportlaan 1,500 Bert van Hunenstijn 9th
Harkemase Boys Harkema Sportpark De Bosk Henk Herder 1st Hoofdklasse C
Jong Almere City FC Almere Yanmar Stadion 3,200 Ivar van Dinteren 7th Beloften Eredivisie
Jong FC Groningen Groningen Sportpark Corpus den Hoorn Alfons Arts 5th Beloften Eredivisie
Jong Twente Enschede De Grolsch Veste 30,205 Dennis Demmers
Jong FC Volendam Volendam Kras Stadion 6,984 Johan Steur 8th Beloften Eredivisie
Magreb '90 Utrecht Sportpark Papendorp 1,000 Jamal Yahiaoui 15th (Playoff winners)
ODIN '59 Heemskerk Sportpark Assumburg Richard Plug 1st Hoofdklasse A
ONS Sneek Sneek Sportpark Zuidersportpark 950 Chris de Wagt 10th
Quick Boys Katwijk Sportpark Nieuw Zuid 8,500 Jan Zoutman 1st Hoofdklasse B
Scheveningen Scheveningen Sportpark Houtrust 3,500 John Blok 13th
Spakenburg Spakenburg Sportpark De Westmaat 2,500 John de Wolf
Spijkenisse Spijkenisse Sportpark Jaap Riedijk Peter Wubben
VVOG Harderwijk Sportpark De Strokel 10,000 Hans van Arum 2nd Hoofdklasse C

Sunday League

Club City Stadium Capacity Manager 2015/16
ADO '20 Heemskerk Sportpark De Vlotter Raymond Bronkhorst
Blauw Geel '38 Veghel Prins Willem Alexander Sportpark Niels van Casteren
Be Quick Groesbeek Sportpark Zuid 4,000 Marko Sanders 2nd Hoofdklasse C
De Meern De Meern Sportpark De Meern Joel Titaley
Dongen Dongen Sportpark De Biezen 1,800 Ron Timmers 1st Hoofdklasse B
EVV Echt Sportpark In de Bandert 2,000 Leo Beckers 11th
HBS The Hague Sportpark Daal en Bergselaan 1,000 Marcel Koning 12th
Hercules Utrecht Sportpark Voordorp 800 Eric Speelziek 10th
HSC '21 Haaksbergen Sportpark Groot Scholtenhagen 4,500 Daniel Nijhof 8th
Jong De Graafschap Doetinchem Sportpark Varsselder 1,500 Jan Vreman 9th Beloften Eredivisie
Jong Vitesse Arnhem Papendal Joseph Oosting
JVC Cuijk Cuijk Sportpark De Groenendijkse 3,000 Ruud Kaiser 9th
OFC Oostzaan Sportpark OFC 1,500 Yuri Rose 4th Hoofdklasse A
OJC Rosmalen Rosmalen Sportpark De Groote Wielen 3,000 David Vecht 14th
Quick Den Haag Sportpark Nieuw Hanenburg Paul van der Zwaan
Quick '20 Oldenzaal Vondersweijders 7,000 Michel Steggink 3rd Hoofdklasse C
UNA Veldhoven Sportpark Zeelst Jeroen van Bezouwen
Westlandia Naaldwijk Sportpark De Hoge Bomen 2,000 Edwin Grünholz 1st Hoofdklasse A

Champions

Topklasse
Season Saturday champions Sunday champions Overall champions Promotion
2010–11 IJsselmeervogels FC Oss IJsselmeervogels FC Oss
2011–12 Spakenburg Achilles '29 Achilles '29 None
2012–13 Katwijk Achilles '29 Katwijk Achilles '29
2013–14 Spakenburg AFC Spakenburg None
2014–15 Kozakken Boys FC Lienden FC Lienden None
2015–16 Excelsior Maassluis FC Lienden Excelsior Maassluis 14 clubs
Derde Divisie
Season Saturday champions Sunday champions
2016–17 IJsselmeervogels ASV De Dijk
2017–18 Spakenburg Jong Vitesse

References

  1. ^ a b "Plannen tweede divisie gaan door". NOS.nl (in Dutch). 2014-12-02. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
  2. ^ a b Robert Missèt (2007-06-18). "'Kesler heeft geen idee wat amateurvoetbal inhoudt'" (in Dutch). de Volkskrant. p. 17. Retrieved 2012-06-09.
  3. ^ Erik Oudshoorn (1999-06-01). "Clubs eerste divisie dwarsbomen Topklasse" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad. p. 11. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
  4. ^ "Topklasse in amateurvoetbal krijgt groen licht". Voetbalzone. 2009-06-06.
  5. ^ "Vanaf seizoen 2016/17: promotie/degradatie tussen amateurvoetbal en betaald voetbal". KNVB.nl (in Dutch). 2014-12-02. Archived from the original on 2015-07-17. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
  6. ^ "Last amateur championship". knvb.nl (in Dutch). 19 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Topklasse gaat volgend seizoen verder als Derde Divisie". KNVB.nl (in Dutch). 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2016.

External links

  • derdedivisie.org - Latest news from and about the Derde Divisie. (in Dutch)
  • League321.com - Dutch football league tables, records & statistics database. (in English)
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