Derawar Fort

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Derawar Fort
قِلعہ دراوڑ
Derawar Fort, Bahawalpur I.jpg
Derawar Fort was originally founded as a Bhatti fort in the 9th century CE, and rebuilt in 1732 by Nawab Sadeq Mohammad Khan[1]
Type Fortress
Location Ahmadpur East Tehsil, Punjab, Pakistan
Coordinates 28°46′5″N 71°20′3″E / 28.76806°N 71.33417°E / 28.76806; 71.33417Coordinates: 28°46′5″N 71°20′3″E / 28.76806°N 71.33417°E / 28.76806; 71.33417
Built 9th century CE
Derawar Fort is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Derawar Fort
Location of Derawar Fort
قِلعہ دراوڑ in Punjab, Pakistan
Derawar Fort is located in Pakistan
Derawar Fort
Derawar Fort (Pakistan)

Derawar Fort (Urdu: قِلعہ دراوڑ ‎), is a large square fortress in Yazman Tehsil, Punjab, Pakistan. Approximately 130 km south of the city of Bahawalpur, the forty bastions of Derawar are visible for many miles in the Cholistan Desert. The walls have a perimeter of 1500 metres and stand up to thirty metres high.

Derawar fort was first built in the 9th century AD by Rai Jajja Bhatti, a Hindu ruler of the Bhatti clan,[2] as a tribute to Rawal Deoraj Bhatti, the king of Jaisalmer and Bahawalpur.[1][3] The fort was initially known as Dera Rawal, and later referred to as Dera Rawar, which with the passage of time came to be pronounced Derawar, its present name.[3]

In the 18th century, the fort was taken over by Muslim Nawabs of Bahawalpur from the Shahotra tribe. It was later rebuilt in its current form in 1732 by the Abbasi ruler Nawab Sadeq Muhammad, but in 1747 the fort slipped from their hands owing to Bahawal Khan's preoccupations at Shikarpur.[1] Nawab Mubarak Khan took the stronghold back in 1804. 1,000 year-old catapult shells were found in the debris near a decaying wall in the fort.[4]

Nawab Sadeq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V, the 12th and last ruler of Bahawalpur state, was born in the fort in 1904.

This historically significant fort presents an enormous and impressive structure in the heart of the Cholistan desert, but it is rapidly deteriorating and in need of immediate preventative measures for preservation.

Tourism in Derawar Fort

Derawar Fort is an important place for tourists. The off-road Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally or TDCP Cholistan Jeep Rally was recently established near the Derawar Fort in Ahmadpur East Tehsil.


See also


  1. ^ a b c Derawar Fort – Living to tell the tale, Dawn
  2. ^ Khaliq, Fazal (1 February 2017). "Derawar Fort: a 9th century human marvel on the verge of collapse". Dawn. The Derawar Fort was first built in the 9th century under the kingship of Rai Jajja Bhati, a Hindu Rajput from Jaisalmir in India's Rajasthan state.
  3. ^ a b Dawn News
  4. ^ Gill, Majeed (20 February 2017). "Centuries-old catapult shells found near Bahawalpur". Dawn. Retrieved 23 February 2017.

External links

  • Media related to Derawar Fort at Wikimedia Commons
  • Derawar Fort
  • - Derawar Fort Page
  • Pictures of the Fort -
  • Derawar Fort, The Large Square Fortress in Pakistan
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