Supreme Allied Commander Europe

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Supreme Allied Commander Europe
Flag of the Supreme Allied Commander Europe.svg
Flag of the Supreme Allied Commander Europe
Scaparrotti EUCOM.jpg
Incumbent
General Curtis M. Scaparrotti

since 4 May 2016
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe
Reports to North Atlantic Council,
through NATO Military Committee
Seat Casteau, Mons, Belgium
Nominator President of the United States,
with Senate advice and consent
Appointer North Atlantic Council
Inaugural holder General of the Army D.D. Eisenhower
Formation 2 April 1951
Website shape.nato.int

The Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) is the commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) Allied Command Operations (ACO) and head of ACO's headquarters, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE). The commander is based at SHAPE in Casteau, Belgium. SACEUR is the second-highest military position within NATO, below only the Chairman of the NATO Military Committee in terms of precedence.

SACEUR has always been held by a U.S. military officer, and the position is dual-hatted with that of Commander of United States European Command.

The current SACEUR, General Curtis M. Scaparrotti, has held the position since 4 May 2016.

List of holders

Since 2003 the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) has also served as the head of Allied Command Europe and the head of Allied Command Operations.

Name Photo Branch Term began Term ended
1. General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower EisenhowerChiefofStaffPortrait.jpg U.S. Army April 2, 1951 May 30, 1952
2. General Matthew Ridgway Matthew Ridgway.jpg U.S. Army May 30, 1952 July 11, 1953
3. General Alfred Gruenther Alfred Maximilian Gruenther.jpg U.S. Army July 11, 1953 November 20, 1956
4. General Lauris Norstad Maj. Gen. Lauris Norstad at a meeting during the Potsdam Conference in Germany - NARA - 198834 ks01.tif U.S. Air Force November 20, 1956 January 1, 1963
5. General Lyman Lemnitzer Lyman L. Lemnitzer.jpg U.S. Army January 1, 1963 July 1, 1969
6. General Andrew Goodpaster Andrew Goodpaster portrait.jpg U.S. Army July 1, 1969 December 15, 1974
7. General Alexander M. Haig, Jr. General Alexander M. Haig, Jr.jpg U.S. Army December 15, 1974 July 1, 1979
8. General Bernard W. Rogers Bernard W. Rogers.jpg U.S. Army July 1, 1979 June 26, 1987
9. General John Galvin John Galvin, official military photo, 1991.JPEG U.S. Army June 26, 1987 June 23, 1992
10. General John Shalikashvili John Shalikashvili.jpg U.S. Army June 23, 1992 October 22, 1993
11. General George Joulwan George Joulwan, official military photo, 1991.JPEG U.S. Army October 22, 1993 July 11, 1997
12. General Wesley Clark General Wesley Clark official photograph.jpg U.S. Army July 11, 1997 May 3, 2000
13. General Joseph Ralston Joseph Ralston, official military photo.jpg U.S. Air Force May 3, 2000 January 17, 2003
14. General James L. Jones James L. Jones 2.jpg U.S. Marine Corps January 17, 2003 December 7, 2006
15. General Bantz J. Craddock Bantz J. Craddock EUCOM.jpg U.S. Army December 7, 2006 July 2, 2009
16. Admiral James G. Stavridis Stavridis EUCOM.jpg U.S. Navy July 2, 2009 May 13, 2013
17. General Philip M. Breedlove Breedlove 2013 HR.jpg U.S. Air Force May 13, 2013 May 4, 2016
18. General Curtis M. Scaparrotti Scaparrotti EUCOM.jpg U.S. Army May 4, 2016 Incumbent
[1]

Deputy

The position of deputy head of Allied Command Europe (Deputy SACEUR) – since 2003 known as deputy head of Allied Command Operations – has been held by the following officers. From January 1978 until June 1993 there were two Deputy SACEURs, one British and one German, but from July 1993 this reverted to a single Deputy SACEUR.

Name Photo Branch Term began Term ended
1. Field Marshal the Viscount Montgomery Bernard Law Montgomery.jpg British Army April 2, 1951 September 23, 1958
2. General Sir Richard Gale Richard Gale in Normandy June 1944 IWM B 5352.jpg British Army September 23, 1958 September 22, 1960
3. General Sir Hugh Stockwell The Suez Operation October - December 1956 MH29031.jpg British Army September 22, 1960 January 1, 1964
4. Marshal of the RAF Sir Thomas Pike Kammhuber and Pike.jpg Royal Air Force January 1, 1964 March 1, 1967
5. General Sir Robert Bray General RNHC Bray GBE KCB DSO.jpg British Army March 1, 1967 December 1, 1970
6. General Sir Desmond Fitzpatrick British Army December 1, 1970 November 12, 1973
7. General Sir John Mogg British Army November 12, 1973 March 12, 1976
8. General Sir Harry Tuzo British Army March 12, 1976 November 2, 1978
9. General Gerd Schmückle German Army January 3, 1978 April 1, 1980
10. General Sir Jack Harman British Army November 2, 1978 April 9, 1981
11. Admiral Günter Luther Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F047568-0012, Günther Luther.jpg German Navy April 1, 1980 April 1, 1982
12. Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter Terry Royal Air Force April 9, 1981 July 16, 1984
13. General Günter Kießling Guenter Kiessling.jpg German Army April 1, 1982 April 2, 1984
14. General Hans-Joachim Mack German Army April 2, 1984 October 1, 1987
15. General Sir Edward Burgess British Army July 16, 1984 June 26, 1987
16. General Sir John Akehurst British Army June 26, 1987 January 17, 1990
17. General Eberhard Eimler German Air Force October 1, 1987 October 2, 1990
18. General Sir Brian Kenny British Army January 17, 1990 April 5, 1993
19. General Dieter Clauss German Army October 2, 1990 July 1, 1993
20. General Sir John Waters British Army April 5, 1993 December 12, 1994
21. General Sir Jeremy Mackenzie British Army December 12, 1994 November 30, 1998
22. General Sir Rupert Smith British Army November 30, 1998 September 17, 2001
23. General Dieter Stöckmann Dieter Stockmann.jpg German Army September 17, 2001 September 18, 2002
24. Admiral Rainer Feist German Navy September 18, 2002 October 1, 2004
25. General Sir John Reith British Army October 1, 2004 October 22, 2007
26. General Sir John McColl John McColl.jpg British Army October 22, 2007 March 2011
27. General Sir Richard Shirreff Richard Shirreff.jpg British Army March 2011 March 2014
28. General Sir Adrian Bradshaw Siradrianbradshaw.jpg British Army March 2014 March 2017
29. General Sir James Everard British Army March 2017 Incumbent

See also

References

  1. ^ List of Former SACEURs

External links

Official website

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