Deputy Prime Minister of Spain

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Deputy Prime Minister of Spain
Vicepresidente del Gobierno de España
Escudo de España.svg
Carmen Calvo 2017 (cropped).jpg
Carmen Calvo Poyato

since 7 June 2018
Style Excelentísimo/a Señor/a
Member of Cabinet
Residence Edificio Semillas, Palacio de la Moncloa
Seat Madrid, Spain
Nominator The Monarch
Countersigned by the Prime Minister of Spain
Appointer The Monarch
Term length No fixed term
No term limits are imposed on the office.
Constituting instrument Constitution of 1978
Formation 1962
First holder Agustín Muñoz Grandes
Unofficial names Deputy Prime Minister of Spain
Salary €75,744 p.a.[1]

The Deputy Prime Minister of Spain, officially Vice President of the Government, (Spanish: Vicepresidente del Gobierno de España) is the second in command to the Prime Minister of Spain, filling in for when the Prime Minister is absent or incapable of exercising power. The person for the post is usually handpicked by the Prime Minister from the members of the Cabinet. When there are more than one vice president, they are called First Vice President, Second Vice President, etc. The Headquarters of the Vice Presidency of the Government of Spain is the Edificio Semillas, in La Moncloa Complex.

The current holder of the office of Deputy Prime Minister of the Government of Spain is Carmen Calvo since 7 June, 2018.

Official title

Being a constitutional monarchy, the government of Spain is headed by a prime minister but the official title in Spanish is Presidente del Gobierno, literally President of the Government. This can be confusing to foreigners and indeed is to many Spaniards, who sometimes translate the title into English as President. Therefore, the Spanish Vice President of the Government is actually the equivalent of a Deputy Prime Minister, not a Vice President.


The Deputy Prime Minister of Spain is responsible for:[2]

  • Advising the President of the Government (Prime Minister).
  • Attending the Cabinet, the Delegated Commissions of the Government and the General Commission of Secretaries of State and Undersecretaries.
  • Supporting the President of the Government, specially exercising the responsibilities in relation to preparing and tracking the Government Programme.
  • Interministerial Coordinating given by current laws, the Government or the President.
  • Attending the Government with its relationships with the General Courts.
  • Preparing, carrying out and tracking the legislative programme of the Government and specially its parliamentary processing.
  • Material supporting, economic, financial, personal and budgetary management and in general whatever responsibilities needed by the President and the Presidency of the Government's dependent bodies.
  • Being the secretary at the Cabinet.
  • Organising the territorial administration.

List of Deputy Prime Ministers of Spain


  Falange (FET–JONS)
  Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD)
  Socialist (PSOE)
  People's Party (PP)

Other factions


No. Picture Deputy Prime Minister Took Office Left Office Prime Minister Term Party
1 J mmue 65058 00001.jpg Agustín Muñoz Grandes 1962 1967 Francisco Franco Franco's dictatorship FET–JONS
2 Luis Carrero Blanco.jpg Luis Carrero Blanco 1967 1973
3 Torcuato Fernández-Miranda in 1975.jpg Torcuato Fernández-Miranda 1973 1974
4 Coat of arms of Spain (1945–1977).svg José García Hernández 1974 1975
5 Coat of arms of Spain (1945–1977).svg Fernando de Santiago y Díaz 1975 1976 Carlos Arias Navarro Transitional Governments Military
6 Manuel-Fraga-Iribarne.jpg Manuel Fraga 1975 1976 FET–JONS
7 Juan Miguel Villar Mir en la presentación del proyecto Canalejas 2013 (cropped).jpg Juan-Miguel Villar Mir 1976 1976
8 El vicepresidente 1º y Asuntos de Defensa, Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado, recibe la felicitación del presidente Adolfo Suárez.jpg Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado 1977 1979 Adolfo Suárez Constituent Legislature Military
1979 1981 1st Legislature
9 Martin villa002.jpg Rodolfo Martín Villa 1981 1982 Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo UCD
10 Alfonso Guerra.jpg Alfonso Guerra 1982 1986 Felipe González 2nd Legislature PSOE
1986 1989 3rd Legislature
1989 1991 4th Legislature
11 Narcís Serra i Serra - 001.jpg Narcís Serra 1991 1993
1993 1996 5th Legislature
12 Francisco Álvarez-Cascos (2010).jpg Francisco Álvarez-Cascos 1996 2000 José María Aznar 6th Legislature PP
13 Mariano Rajoy 2011e (cropped).jpg Mariano Rajoy 2000 2003 7th Legislature
14 RODRIGO RATO RT-8 01.JPG Rodrigo Rato 2003 2004
15 De la Vega2 cropped.jpg María Teresa Fernández de la Vega 2004 2008 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero 8th Legislature PSOE
2008 2010 9th Legislature
16 Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba 2010.png Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba 2010 2011
17 Elena Salgado, durante la rueda de prensa posterior al Consejo de Ministros (9 de octubre de 2011) (cropped).jpg Elena Salgado 2011 2011
18 (Soraya) Sáenz de Santamaría y el ministro del Interior reciben al vicepresidente del Consejo de Ministros y ministro del Interior del Gobierno de Italia. Pool Moncloa. 25 de noviembre de 2013 (cropped).jpeg Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría 2011 2015 Mariano Rajoy 10th Legislature PP
2015 2016 11th Legislature
2016 2018 12th Legislature
19 Carmen Calvo 2017 (cropped).jpg Carmen Calvo 2018 Incumbent Pedro Sánchez 12th Legislature PSOE

See also


  1. ^ "The salaries of the Government" (in Spanish). El Pais. 
  2. ^ Royal Decree 199/2012, 23th January, for explaining the structure of the Ministry of the Presidency and changing the Royal Decree 1887/2011, 30th December, for establishing the structure of the ministerial departments (in Spanish)

External links

  • Official website
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