Deputy Prime Minister of Albania

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Deputy Prime Minister of Albania
Zëvëndëskryeministri i Shqipërisë
Zëvëndëskryeministri i Shqipërisë.svg
Incumbent
Senida Mesi

since September 2017
Appointer President
Inaugural holder Nikollë Kaçorri
Formation 29 November 1912
Website Official Website

The Deputy Prime Ministers of Albania (Albanian: Zëvendëskryeministri i Shqipërise), officially styled the Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Zëvendëskryeministri i Republikës së Shqipërisë), is the deputy head of government of Albania. In the absence of the Prime Minister of Albania the Deputy Prime Minister takes over his functions, such as chairing the Cabinet of Albania and the Council of Ministers of Albania. The Office is the second senior minister of the cabinet in the executive branch of the government in the parliamentary system in the Republic of Albania.

Although Albania has always had a Deputy Prime Minister since its independence in 1912. A Prime Minister may choose not to appoint a Deputy Prime Minister. As of the Constitution of Albania, the President of Albania appoints the Deputy Prime Minister and swears before the starting duties in front of the President.[1] The Deputy Prime Minister can take the position of the acting Prime Minister, when the Prime Minister is temporarily absent or incapable of exercising its executive power. The Deputy Prime Minister is often asked to succeed to the Prime Minister's term of office, following the Prime Minister's sudden death or unexpected resignation. However, that is not necessarily mandated by the Constitution of the nation.

Officeholders

Since the inception of the Fourth Republic, nineteen individuals have occupied the post. The shortest-serving deputy premier was Pali Miska, lasting for 2 months between 22 December 1990 and 22 February 1991. The longest-serving Deputy Prime Minister was Niko Peleshi, who held the deputy premiership continuously from 15 September 2013 to 22 May 2017.

The following is a list[2] of the officeholders after the fall of communism in Albania:

- No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Party
Pali Miska
1931
22 December 1990 22 February 1991 Party of Labour
Shkëlqim Cani
1956
22 February 1991 4 June 1991 Socialist Party
Gramoz Pashko
1955-2006
11 June 1991 6 December 1991 Democratic Party
Abdyl Xhaja
1943
18 December 1991 13 April 1992 Socialist Party
Bashkim Kopliku
1955
13 April 1992 4 December 1994 Democratic Party
Dashamir Shehu
1957
4 December 1994 11 July 1996 Democratic Party
Tritan Shehu
1954
11 July 1996 25 July 1997 Democratic Party
Bashkim Fino
1962
25 July 1997 23 April 1998 Socialist Party
Makbule Çeço
1948
23 April 1998 22 July 2002 Socialist Party
Skënder Gjinushi
1949
22 July 2002 24 June 2003 Social Democratic Party
Ermelinda Meksi
1957
24 June 2003 15 December 2003 Socialist Party
Ilir Rusmali
1970
15 December 2003 12 March 2007 New Democratic Party
Gazmend Oketa
1968
Gazmend Oketa 080522-D-9880W-017.jpg 12 March 2007 15 September 2008 New Democratic Party
Genc Pollo
1963
Genc Pollo.jpg 15 September 2008 15 September 2010 New Democratic Party
Ilir Meta
1969
Albanian Speaker Ilir Meta and Arben Cici (Ambassador of Albania to Denmark), in a meeting with OSCE PA staff in Copenhagen, 2 April 2014 (cropped).jpg 15 September 2010 17 January 2011 Socialist Movement for Integration
Edmond Haxhinasto
1966
Edmond Haxhinasto and Hillary Clinton.jpg 17 January 2011 4 April 2013 Socialist Movement for Integration
Myqerem Tafaj
1957
4 April 2013 15 September 2013 Democratic Party
Niko Peleshi
1970
Evangelos Venizelos and Niko Peleshi 2013.jpg 15 September 2013 22 May 2017 Socialist Party
Ledina Mandia
1974
22 May 2017 11 September 2017 Independent
Senida Mesi
1977
11 September 2017 Socialist Party

See also

References

  1. ^ "KUSHTETUTA E REPUBLIKËS SË SHQIPËRISË" (PDF). wipo.int (in Albanian). p. Article 99.
  2. ^ "Qeveritë Shqiptare*". shtetiweb.org (in Albanian).

External links

  • Official Website
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